Ammonia in Aquatic Systems
EDIS Cover Volume 2009 Number 6 exotic fruits image
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How to Cite

Francis-Floyd, Ruth, Craig Watson, Denise Petty, and Deborah B. Pouder. 2009. “Ammonia in Aquatic Systems: FA16/FA031, Rev. 2/2009”. EDIS 2009 (6). Gainesville, FL.


Revised! FA-16, a 5-page illustrated fact sheet by Ruth Francis-Floyd, Craig Watson, Denise Petty, and Deborah B. Pouder, informs aquarists, aquaculturists, and hobbyists about this important water quality parameter, its effect on fish health, the nitrogen cycle that eliminates ammonia from water, how to test for ammonia, and how to manage an ammonia problem. Includes references. Published by the UF School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, February 2009.

FA16/FA031: Ammonia in Aquatic Systems (
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Emerson, K., R.C. Russo, R.E. Lund, and R.V. Thurston. Aqueous Ammonia Equilibrium Calculations: Effects of pH and Temperature, Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada Vol. 32, p. 2379-2383, 1975.