EDIS https://journals.flvc.org/edis <p>The EDIS journal provides permanent public access to current and past published versions of numbered, online Extension publications from the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. New publications are published to the collection of currently supported UF/IFAS numbered publications at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. &nbsp;</p> en-US <p>The documents contained on this website are copyrighted by the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) for the people of the State of Florida. UF/IFAS retains all rights under all conventions, but permits free reproduction by all agents and offices of the Cooperative Extension Service and the people of the State of Florida. Permission is granted to others to use these materials in part or in full for educational purposes, provided that full credit is given to the UF/IFAS, citing the publication, its source, and date of publication.</p> edislib@ifas.ufl.edu (EDIS Editorial Team) dihagan@ufl.edu (Diana Hagan) Wed, 06 Jan 2021 10:19:59 -0500 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Management Options for Improving Flowering in Citrus Production https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125145 <p>The final fruit yield and, ultimately, returns a grower receives from any given harvest is directly related to the number of viable flowers that are generated and the proportion of those flowers that produce fruit. A grower can improve the ability for their trees to consistently produce a profitable crop of fruit by understanding the steps involved in flowering and controlling the transition to reproductive growth. This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department was written by Leigh Archer, Miurel Brewer, Bikash Adhikari, Eduardo Esteves, Christopher Vincent, and Tripti Vashisth.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1399">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1399</a></p> Leigh Archer, Miurel Brewer, Bikash Adhikari, Eduardo Esteves, Christopher Vincent, Tripti Vashisth ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125145 Mon, 04 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Transitioning from Conventional to Organic Farming Using Conservation Tillage https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/119031 <p>Organic farming is one of the fastest-growing segments of the agricultural industry in the United States and in Florida. Conservation tillage is often employed to reduce soil erosion, improve physical and biological properties of soil, and increase water use efficiency. This 5-page article aims to provide recommendations to row crop farmers who wish to implement conservation tillage practices during their transition to a certified organic system. Written by D. L. Wright, J. Moyer, D. Treadwell, I. M. Small, and S. George, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised November 2020.</p> D. L. Wright; J. Moyer, D. Treadwell, I. M. Small (Revision Author); S. George (Contact) ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/119031 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 15:21:51 -0500 Developing Extension Programming to Help Low-Income Families Save Money and Energy: The Community Weatherization Coalition Model https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122705 <p>This new 3-page publication of the Department of Agricultural Education and Communication is the first in a series that will help Extension agents, nonprofits, agency personnel, and other promoters of community development better understand both the issue of high utility bills among low-income residents and what they can do to help. This first publication provides an overview of one program approach taken by a group of volunteers in Alachua County, the Community Weatherization Coalition, which uses a model of trained “energy coaches.” Written by&nbsp;Paul Monaghan, Sarah Blucher, Marianne Schmink, Alane Humrich, Jennison Kipp, and Wendell Porter.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc368">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc368</a></p> Paul Monaghan, Marianne Schmink, Jennison Kipp, Wendell Porter ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122705 Tue, 05 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Exemplary Youth Leadership Series: Encourage the Heart https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125546 <p>This publication series is designed to outline strategies and experiences to expose youth to and engage them with leadership concepts. In this publication, students will try on aspects of the final practice of exemplary leaders: encouraging the heart. Two quick, low-cost activities are included for implementation with youth and adults working with youth. These activities are best suited for students ages 10–18. However, modifications are included for each of the activities to allow for different group sizes, ages, and abilities of the youth participating. This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication was written by Megan Stein.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc377">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc377</a></p> Megan Stein ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125546 Mon, 04 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Nematode Management in Cole Crops https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/120492 <p>Many different plant-parasitic nematodes cause yield loss in cabbage, broccoli, collards, and other valuable Florida cole crops. This 13-page fact sheet written by Z. J. Grabau and J. W. Noling and published by the UF/IFAS Entomology and Nematology Department lists common symptoms, explains how to submit samples to a nematology lab such as the UF/IFAS Nematode Assay Lab for diagnosis, and describes key cultural practices to help agricultural professionals spot and manage nematode problems in cole crops.</p> Z. J. Grabau (Revision Author); J. W. Noling (Former Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/120492 Wed, 13 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Lightning Damage to Landscape Palms https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/108512 <p>Florida is considered by some to be the lightning capital of the world. Florida has on average 3,500 cloud-to-ground lightning strikes per day and 1.2 million strikes per year. Given so many strikes, the probability of damage to certain palms is significant. Coconut palms, royal palms, and Washington palms are particularly vulnerable due to their great heights, but other tall palms may be equally susceptible. This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department describes and includes many helpful photos of symptoms of lightning damage as well as lightning protection systems. Written by Stephen H. Brown, Douglas Caldwell, and Ralph Mitchell. This article was updated 1/11/2021 to correct the identification of the palm in Figure 17 to "yellow latania palm."<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep598">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep598</a></p> Stephen H. Brown, Douglas Caldwell, Ralph Mitchell ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/108512 Fri, 08 Jan 2021 11:25:20 -0500 Fondos de Inversión: Un Glosario para Principiantes https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126030 <p><em>El mejor momento para comenzar a invertir o ahorrar es ayer, ya sea para la jubilación, para enviar a su hijo o hija a la Universidad o para el pago inicial de una casa. Para poder tomar una decisión acertada sobre que vehículos financieros escoger para una cartera de inversiones o plan, es primero fundamental conocer las opciones disponibles en el mercado y entender los mecanismos y principios detrás de cada uno de estos vehículos de inversión. Hay libros enteros escritos sobre estos temas, pero con el propósito de este artículo es proporcionar un glosario breve, pero completo de los fondos principales de inversión financiera.</em>&nbsp;This 3-page document is the Spanish version of FCS3352, <em>Major Asset Classes: A Brief Glossary</em>. Written by Jorge Ruiz-Menjivar, Nelly Nelson, and Jarrett Tsai, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, December 2020.</p> Jorge Ruiz-Menjivar; Nelly Nelson (Translator); Jarrett Tsai ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126030 Fri, 15 Jan 2021 16:42:33 -0500 Reducing Your Risk for Heart Disease: The Power of Food https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/119432 <p>Heart disease is the #1 cause of death among men and women within the United States.&nbsp;</p> <p>Heart disease is an umbrella term for the following heart conditions:</p> <ul> <li>Angina</li> <li>Irregular heartbeats</li> <li>Heart attacks</li> <li>Heart failure</li> <li>Stroke</li> </ul> <p>This new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department describes the modifiable risk factors for heart disease and tips to reduce one’s risk for heart disease. Written by&nbsp;Elena B. Smith, Jodi Fitzgerald, Danielle Nelson, Madison Woodard, and Jeanette Andrade.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs426">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs426</a></p> Elena B. Smith, Jodi Fitzgerald, MD, Danielle Nelson, MD, MPH, Madison Woodard, BS, Jeanette Andrade, PhD, RDN, LDN ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/119432 Wed, 06 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Leches a base de plantas: Almendras https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125302 <p>La leche de almendras, una alternativa a la leche de origen vegetal, se produce a partir de almendras y agua. La leche de almendras tiene su origen en la región mediterránea y se consume desde hace muchos años. En los Estados Unidos, hay varias marcas comercializadas de leche de almendras. Esta publicación describe el perfil de nutrientes y los posibles beneficios y riesgos para la salud de la leche de almendras.</p> <p>This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Spanish version of FSHN20-48/FS410. Written by Elena Torna, Daniela Rivero Mendoza, and Wendy J. Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs423">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs423</a></p> Elena Torna, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125302 Tue, 05 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Plant-Based Milks: Soy https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124855 <p>Soy milk is a plant-based milk made from the legume soybean. Unlike some of the recently marketed plant-based milks, soy milk has a long history as a beverage around the world and has been marketed in the United States for more than a century.&nbsp;If you have wondered how it compares to cow’s milk, this new 5-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department describes the composition and nutrient content of soy milk and its potential benefits and risks to health. Written by Jessica Goldberg, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, and Wendy J. Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs422">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs422</a></p> Jessica Goldberg, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124855 Tue, 05 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Leches a base de plantas: Avena https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127268 <p>La leche de avena es una de las alternativas lácteas más recientes en llegar a los estantes de los supermercados, y actualmente hay varias marcas disponibles en los Estados Unidos. La leche de avena está hecha de avena en grano. Esta publicación describe cómo se elabora la leche de avena, sus ingredientes y perfil de nutrientes, y los posibles beneficios y riesgos para la salud del consumo.<br>This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Spanish translation of FSHN20-52/FS419,&nbsp;<em>Plant-Based Milks: Oat</em>, written by Hannah Cooper, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, and Wendy J. Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs427">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs427</a></p> Hannah Cooper, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127268 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 10:58:46 -0500 Prácticas Culturales para el Caqui Japonés en Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126166 <p>Los caquis son considerados como un cultivo relativamente sostenible en Florida, con una calificación de 6 puntos en una escala de 10 para la evaluación de sostenibilidad agrícola. Los caquis tienen un potencial comercial moderado y altas probabilidades de llegar directamente al consumidor. La demanda de los consumidores podría ser de cultivares no astringentes principalmente. Los caquis son aptos para el centro y el norte de Florida, ya que la calidad y los rendimientos pueden ser bajos en la parte sur del estado. Los caquis tienen un bajo requisito de horas frío, y pueden producirse con éxito en áreas que reciben sólo 100-200 horas por debajo de 45°F (7°C). Los datos muestran que las yemas pueden salir de dormancia de mejor manera a temperaturas justo por encima del rango normal de horas frío, entre 32-45°F (0-7°C).</p> <p>En base a los datos del censo agrícola de 2017 a nivel de condados, está claro que hay dos regiones principales de producción de caqui en Florida. Una región se encuentra en los condados contiguos de Alachua, Levy, Marion y Lake, que representan casi el 50% de la superficie total de caquis cultivados en el estado (132 de 266 acres). La otra región se encuentra al norte del estado, en los condados de Okaloosa, Walton y Washington, que suman alrededor del 18% de la superficie producida. Existen algunos otros condados dispersos que tienen más de 5 acres de caquis cultivados: Brevard (16 acres), Hernando (8 acres), y Jefferson (8 acres).</p> <p>Spanish Translation of HS1389<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1401">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1401</a></p> Ali Sarkhosh, Dustin M. Huff, Peter C. Andersen; Jonathan Clavijo Herrera (Translator) ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126166 Mon, 04 Jan 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Chinese Mustard Cultivation Guide for Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125551 <p>Chinese mustard is a nutritious leafy vegetable in the family Brassicaceae. Chinese mustard also goes by many common names, such as brown mustard, mustard greens, leaf mustard, Indian mustard, Oriental mustard, and vegetable mustard. Although it is considered a weed in a few states, such as Michigan, this species is not listed as invasive in Florida and has been cultivated in several counties, including Levy, Palm Beach, and Miami-Dade. This new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department provides a short cultivation guide as well as information on the uses and marketability of Chinese mustard. Written by Yuheng Qiu, Mary Dixon, and Guodong Liu.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1402">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1402</a></p> Yuheng Qiu, Mary Dixon, Guodong Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125551 Wed, 06 Jan 2021 14:10:56 -0500 Organic Blueberry Production in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126018 <p>There is a growing market in the United States and globally for fresh fruits and vegetables with reported health-enhancing properties. This includes blueberries, which are high in antioxidants and have been reported to improve heart health and contain anticancer properties. Fresh-market blueberry sales (conventional and organic) increased by 27% between 2013 and 2017, and that trend is expected to continue. In addition, there is an increasing level of consumer interest in organically grown produce (for environmental conservation, taste, and other perceived benefits), for which some consumers are willing to pay a premium over the price for a conventionally produced crop. This new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department discusses various aspects of organic blueberry production in Florida and is intended for use by those currently using or interested in pursuing organic production. Written by Douglas A. Phillips, Peter J. Dittmar, Philip F. Harmon, Oscar E. Liburd, Danielle D. Treadwell, and Jeffrey G. Williamson.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1400">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1400</a></p> Doug Phillips, Peter Dittmar, Philip Harmon, Danielle Treadwell, Jeffrey Williamson, Oscar Liburd ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126018 Fri, 08 Jan 2021 10:17:10 -0500 Use of Recycled Potting Medium for Containerized Production of Squash https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/116075 <p>Vegetable growers are keen on cost-cutting measures to increase profitability. Containerized vegetable production can be done in a shade-house or garden, and it often requires commercial potting media. Although expensive, potting media are lightweight and provide high water- and nutrient-holding capacities, and thus they are widely used by growers. Growers often discard or compost the potting media after a single season due to issues such as diseases, pests, and weeds. However, old potting media could be reused for containerized production if appropriately sterilized and amended with fertilizer salts. The current study was conducted to determine the feasibility of using sterilized recycled potting medium amended with fertilizer salts for containerized production of squash. This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department was written by Marie Dorval, Riphine Mainviel, Vincent Michael, Yuqing Fu, Bala Rathinasabapathi, and Geoffrey Meru.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1404">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1404</a></p> Marie Dorval, Riphine Mainviel, Vincent Michael, Yuqing Fu, Bala Rathinasabapathi, Geoffrey Meru ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/116075 Fri, 15 Jan 2021 16:28:48 -0500 Bird’s Nest Fungi: Charismatic Mushrooms in Your Garden https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127293 <p>The “bird’s nest” fungi (Nidulariaceae) are charismatic mushrooms that look like small nests containing multiple tiny eggs. Because the ecological role of bird’s nest fungi is to decompose wood, they are extremely common in disturbed areas with plant debris and mulch, such as trails and backyard gardens. These fungi tend to grow in large clusters, so it is common to see ten to a hundred of these “nests” at once. Bird’s nest fungi are not considered dangerous to plants, animals, or humans. This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Plant Pathology Department was written by&nbsp;Nattapol Kraisitudomsook and&nbsp;Matthew E. Smith.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pp361">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pp361</a></p> Nattapol Kraisitudomsook, Matthew E. Smith ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127293 Wed, 06 Jan 2021 10:22:05 -0500 Soil Health Response of Histosols to Flooded versus Dry-Fallow Conditions during Summer https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/115447 <p>Evaluating changes in soil properties associated with flooded fields during the summer months in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) provides us an opportunity to assess the effect of soil management associated with flooded versus dry-fallow field conditions on Histosols. This information will be beneficial to current and potential growers farming flooded rice in south Florida, as well as Extension agents who work on rice and soil conservation agencies such as the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). This new 6-page publication was written by Jehangir H. Bhadha, Jay Capasso, Abul Rabbany, Nan Xu, and Matthew VanWeelden, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss697">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss697</a></p> Jehangir H. Bhadha, Jay Capasso, Abul Rabbany, Nan Xu, Matthew VanWeelden ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/115447 Wed, 13 Jan 2021 12:00:35 -0500 Stormwater Pond Management: What You Need to Know about Aeration https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124114 <p>This new 6-page document is intended to provide Floridians and their communities with information on a specific management practice in stormwater ponds: the use of fountains and other aeration approaches. These practices may provide opportunities both to improve water quality within the pond and protect downstream water quality. Specifically, this document gives basic information on fountains and the pros and cons of fountain installation and use. In addition, we provide information for pond managers or community decision makers on how to best manage ponds for effective pollutant removal in the pond and downstream water quality protection. Written by Samantha T. Howley, Steven P. Hohman, and Alexander J. Reisinger, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss695">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss695</a></p> Samantha T. Howley, Steven P. Hohman, Alexander J. Reisinger ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124114 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 09:45:38 -0500