EDIS https://journals.flvc.org/edis <p>This EDIS journal site provides access to current and past published versions for citation purposes.&nbsp; New publications are added to the public collection of currently supported UF/IFAS numbered publications at <a href="http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu">http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu</a>.&nbsp;</p> UF/IFAS Extension en-US EDIS 2576-0009 The documents contained on this website are copyrighted by the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) for the people of the State of Florida. UF/IFAS retains all rights under all conventions, but permits free reproduction by all agents and offices of the Cooperative Extension Service and the people of the State of Florida. Permission is granted to others to use these materials in part or in full for educational purposes, provided that full credit is given to the UF/IFAS, citing the publication, its source, and date of publication. Choose the Right Citrus Rootstock https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122240 <p>After the arrival in 2005 of citrus greening disease or Huanglongbing in Florida, making a profitable rootstock decision became more complicated. &nbsp;New rootstocks are being developed and released for commercialization at an accelerated pace. &nbsp;Regardless of these changes, there remains a time-honored framework for selecting rootstocks. This publication provides guidance in 4 aspects of scion selection: site history, objectives, sources of information on rootstocks, and choosing a rootstock that matches site and grower objectives.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs178">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs178</a></p> <p>This is a revision, original publication:&nbsp;Castle, William, and James Ferguson. 1. “Considerations for Choosing the Right Rootstocks”. <em>EDIS</em> 2003 (13). https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/108974.</p> William S. Castle Stephen Futch Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs178-2020 Landscaping on or near Septic Drain Fields https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121603 <p>Septic systems are common throughout most rural areas, and their care and maintenance are essential to the health of people, wildlife, livestock, agricultural commodities, and water resources. One way to ensure optimal performance of your septic system is to landscape appropriately near the drain field. The purpose of this new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences is to provide landscape management guidance for septic system drain fields. Information presented here will be useful for homeowners, landscape management professionals, and Extension agents who work in horticulture, natural resources, agriculture, and family services. Written by&nbsp;Whitney C. Elmore, William Lester, James Moll, Andrea Albertin, and Mary Lusk.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss687">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss687</a></p> Whitney C Elmore William Lester James Moll Andrea Albertin Mary Lusk ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-11 2020-09-11 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ss687-2020 Selection and Preparation of Planting Material for Successful Hop Production in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122074 <p>Hops (<em>Humulus lupulus</em>&nbsp;L.), an essential ingredient in beer, have potential to develop as a viable alternative crop in Florida. In our surveys, many breweries have expressed strong interest in using locally grown hops. However, hop production is plagued by many diseases, most of which were inadvertently introduced through the movement of contaminated planting material. The primary purposes of this new 7-page article are to prevent the introduction of these diseases into the state and to provide recommendations for selecting and preparing planting material for successful hop production in Florida. This publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department is part of a larger series that will review the challenges of hop production, based on research experience at the UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (UF/IFAS GCREC) in Balm, FL.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1381">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1381</a></p> Shinsuke Agehara Aleyda Acosta-Rangel Mariel Gallardo Gary Vallad ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1381-2020 Wastewater and Septic System Management for the COVID-19 Virus: Frequently Asked Questions https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/123207 <p>This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences answers common questions about the potential role of wastewater and septic systems in transmission of COVID-19. It is intended as guidance for the general public. Written by Mary G. Lusk.&nbsp;<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss692">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss692</a></p> Mary G. Lusk ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ss692-2020 How to Measure Leaf Disease Damage Using Image Analysis in ImageJ https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122031 <p>This new 13-page article introduces simple image processing and analysis techniques to quantify leaf disease damage using ImageJ, an open-source image processing program. These techniques are not meant to replace crop scouting or disease diagnosis by a plant diagnostic laboratory, but rather to provide a supplemental tool for making quantitative measurements of leaf disease damage. Similar techniques are also available for plant growth assessment, including plant height, plant width, and canopy cover area. The image processing and analysis techniques introduced in this article are fairly simple to use and thus can be adopted not only by researchers, but also by producers, crop consultants, Extension agents, and students. Written by Lillian Pride, Gary Vallad, and Shinsuke Agehara, and published by the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1382">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1382</a></p> Lillian Pride Gary Vallad Shinsuke Agehara ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1382-2020 Development of a Model Mutagenesis System for Snapdragon https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/119130 <p>Snapdragon (<em>Antirrhinum majus</em>) has long been a very popular perennial in the United States due to its unique flower shape with a range of striking colors (Huo and Chen, 2018). Based on their height, snapdragons are typically classified into three categories: dwarf (6-15 inches), medium (1-2 feet), and tall (6-15 feet) . The dwarf variety has a dense, bushy growth pattern, producing numerous flower spikes. They grow on average 6 to 15 inches tall and are ideal plants for use as low borders or in containers. Mid-sized varieties grow 1-2 feet tall and are typically used in borders (either alone or with other bedding plants) and sometimes as cut flowers. Tall varieties range anywhere from 2 to 3 feet in height (Gilman et al. 2018). The magnificent flowers with a wide range of petal colors atop the long green spikes make the tall variety a desirable cut flower for container, bouquets, or gardens. In 2015, fresh-cut snapdragon sales increased 51.7% from 2010 and reached $12.93 million, making it a top ten fresh cut flower in United States(USDA, 2015).</p> <p>With all of their aesthetic attributes and versatility, snapdragons are also an important model system for genetics and molecular studies of various plant processes.&nbsp;&nbsp; For example, snapdragon pigmentation mutants produced by transposon (a type of mobile DNAs) mutagenesis have provided researchers a good way to study anthocyanin biosynthesis and subsequently aid plant breeders in developing new varieties with novel flower colors (Jackson et al. 1992). Furthermore, snapdragon has a mechanism by which transposable mutations can be regulated into active and inactive states through temperature control (Hashida et al., 2006). Advantages of this elegant transposon mutagenesis system and how it relates to plant breeding are described in this paper.</p> Zhaoyuan Lian Heqiang Huo Sandra B. Wilson Jianjun Chen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ep584-2020 Homeowners’ Preferences for Smart Irrigation Systems and Features https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/EDIS.fe1080.2020 <div id="page"> <div id="page2"> <div id="content"> <div id="content-group"> <div id="content-main"> <div class="content-main-fixed-width"> <div id="feed"> <p>Drought conditions make landscape irrigation and reducing water use top-of-mind for many Floridians. Encouraging wise water use is of particular importance to the smart irrigation industry and water policy makers. This 5-page fact sheet written by Hayk Khachatryan, Alicia Rihn, Dong Hee Suh, and Michael Dukes and published by the UF/IFAS Food and Resource Economics Department pinpoints key attributes and barriers affecting consumers' irrigation purchases and their adoption of smart irrigation technologies. <br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe1080">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe1080</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Hayk Khachatryan Alicia Rihn Dong Hee Suh Michael Dukes ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 2020 5 5 5 10.32473/edis-fe1080-2020 Consumer and Producer Perceptions and Preferences for Pollinator Friendly Labeling Practices in the US Green Industry https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/116040 <div id="page"> <div id="page2"> <div id="content"> <div id="content-group"> <div id="content-main"> <div class="content-main-fixed-width"> <div id="feed"> <p>Increasing consumer interest in sustainable products and in protecting bees and other pollinator insects may be reducing demand for plants grown using neonicotinoids. This 5-page fact sheet written by Hayk Khachatryan, Xuan Wei, and Alicia Rihn and published by the UF/IFAS Food and Resource Economics Department summarizes consumer and producer perceptions about neonicotinoid-related regulations and labeling practices and identifies discrepancies between consumer and producer preferences for different pollinator friendly labeling phrases.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe1083">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe1083</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Hayk Khachatryan Xuan Wei Alicia Rihn ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 2020 5 5 5 10.32473/edis-fe1083-2020 Consumer Knowledge about Neonicotinoid Insecticides and Pollinator Friendly Plants https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/117283 <div id="page"> <div id="page2"> <div id="content"> <div id="content-group"> <div id="content-main"> <div class="content-main-fixed-width"> <div id="feed"> <p>What does the general public know about neonicotinoids used in ornamental horticulture and their effects on pollinators? The question is an important one given that home landscapes serve as pollinator habitat and can impact pollinator health. This 5-page fact sheet written by Hayk Khachatryan, Xuan Wei, and Alicia Rihn and published by the UF/IFAS Food and Resource Economics Department summarizes a survey addressing consumer knowledge about neonicotinoids and pollinator plants, as well as their interest in enhancing pollinator health. The survey is part of a larger research project aimed at incorporating pollinator conservation into the ornamental horticulture industry's sustainability initiatives. <br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe1081">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe1081</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hayk Khachatryan Xuan Wei Alicia L. Rihn ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 2020 5 5 5 10.32473/edis-fe1081-2020 What the Agricultural Sector in Florida Needs to Know about Heat-Related Illness (HRI) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/118005 <p>Heat-related illness (HRI) can range from rashes, fainting, and cramps to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. It can be fatal, and all outdoor workers in agriculture (as well as those in high-heat indoor settings such as greenhouses) are at risk. This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication provides basic information on how to recognize the symptoms of HRI, on the underlying physiological processes and related risk factors, and on how to treat it.&nbsp; This publication also provides a list of preventative measures that growers, supervisors, and agricultural workers can follow, along with links to additional resources. Written by Paul Monaghan, Karissa Raskin, Maria Morera, Antonio Tovar, Valerie Mac, and Joan Flocks.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc359">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc359</a></p> Paul Monaghan Karissa Raskin Maria Morera Jose Antonio Tovar Aguilar Valerie Mac, PhD RN FNP-C Joan Flocks ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-01 2020-09-01 2020 5 10.32473/edis-wc359-2020 Understanding Extension #2: Utilizing Extension Services in School-Based Agricultural Education https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/115553 <p>The services that Extension offers can supplement lesson plans in the classroom, can help to provide training and support for educators, and can help to build the toolbox of both first-year educators and the veteran educators that want to expand on their current lesson plans and resources. This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication helps to describe how UF/IFAS Extension can be utilized in agricultural education. Written by Debra Barry, John Diaz, Alyssa Shepherd, Jennifer Patton, and Stephen Gran.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc367">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc367</a></p> Debra Barry John Diaz Alyssa Shepherd Jennifer Patton Stephen Gran ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-11 2020-09-11 2020 5 10.32473/edis-wc367-2020 Best Practices for Communicating about Outdoor Residential Water Conservation https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122008 <p>Extension communication efforts can be made more effective when following a strategic communication plan. To guide a strategic communication effort, it is imperative to have purposeful messaging along with an understanding of your target audience and communication channel. This document presents a synthesis of literature highlighting best communication practices in regard to water conservation efforts.</p> Jacqueline Aenlle Laura A. Sanagorski Warner ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 2020 5 10.32473/edis-wc366-2020 2020 Cool-Season Forage Variety Recommendations for Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125010 <p>Perennial warm-season pasture grasses used in Florida become dormant in late fall and winter because of short days, cooler temperatures, and frosts. Many livestock producers may choose to establish cool-season annual pasture species to supplement their forage production. These plants are usually higher in total digestible nutrients (TDN) and crude protein (CP) than summer perennial grasses, translating into greater animal performance (Dubeux et al., 2016). Planting and growing these forage crops can involve considerable expense and is somewhat risky because rainfall is often unpredictable during the fall establishment period. The species and varieties for potential use vary in the distribution of production during the cooler months and in the type of soils where they are best adapted. This publication provides the most up-to-date information on current adapted cool-season forage varieties. The recommendation of varieties is based on multi-location, multi-year cultivar evaluation experiments that may include trials in Georgia and other states.</p> <p>Previous version:</p> <p>Wallau, Marcelo, Ann Blount, Esteban Rios, Joao Vendramini, Jose Dubeux, Md Babar, and Kevin Kenworthy. 2019. “2019 Cool-Season Forage Variety Recommendations for Florida”. <em>EDIS</em>2019 (August). https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/115513.</p> A. R. Blount M. Wallau E. Rios J. M. B. Vendramini J. C. B. Dubeux Md. A. Babar K. E. Kenworthy M. J. Mulvaney K. H. Quesenberry ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 2020 5 6 6 10.32473/edis-aa266-2020 Delivering Secure CEU Training Utilizing Zoom https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124456 <p>Delivering online, live CEU (Continuing Education Unit) training has become increasingly practical with the development of programs like Zoom. However, there are key differences between the two platforms that Zoom offers, Zoom Meeting and Zoom Webinar. Understanding the pros and cons of each platform and how to utilize each to deliver CEU content is key. Through descriptions and screenshots of the program, this new 7-page publication of the UF/IFAS Pesticide Information Office helps readers navigate the platforms and better understand which one best fits their needs. Written by Brett W. Bultemeier and Michelle Atkinson.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi286">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi286</a></p> Brett W. Bultemeier Michelle Atkinson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 2020 5 10.32473/edis-pi286-2020 Mite Pests of Southern Highbush Blueberry in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121881 <p>Several mite species attack southern highbush blueberries (SHB), including the southern red mite (Oligonychus ilicis McGregor (Acari: Tetranychidae)), the false spider mite or flat mite (Brevipalpus yothersi Baker) and the blueberry bud mite (Acalitus vaccinii Keifer). The southern red mite is the key mite pest attacking blueberry plants in the southeastern US (Lopez and Liburd 2020). The false spider mite is a secondary leaf feeding mite pest that was reported attacking southern highbush blueberry in 2016 (Akyazi et al. 2017). This publication discusses southern red mites and flat mites on SHB in Florida, including life cycle, damage, and management practices.</p> Oscar Liburd Lorena Lopez Doug Phillips ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 2020 5 4 4 10.32473/edis-in1284-2020 Weed Management Guide for Florida Lawns https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121902 <p>Weeds can be defined as unwanted plants or plants growing out of place. Proper identification and some understanding of how and why weeds are present in a lawn are important when selecting the best control strategy. Knowing if weeds were previously present in an area also helps homeowners prepare control measures in the future. Weed control should be a carefully planned and coordinated program.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep141">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep141</a></p> <p>Previous version: Unruh, Joseph, Ramon Leon, Barry Brecke, and Laurie Trenholm. 2013. “Weed Management Guide for Florida Lawns”. <em>EDIS</em> 2013 (7). https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121086.</p> J. Bryan Unruh Laurie Trenholm Erin Harlow Ramon G. Leon ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ep141-2019 Popular Diets: Ketogenic Diet https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124116 <p>The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, very low carbohydrate diet. The first documented use of the ketogenic diet was in 1921 to treat epilepsy in children. In the past few years, the ketogenic diet has resurged in popularity as a potential means for weight loss. The ketogenic diet has become popular due to celebrity endorsement and social media influences. This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department explains the concepts behind this diet, explores the available menu, and examines whether this diet is safe and effective. Written by Kelsey Gemmill, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, and Wendy Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs403">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs403</a></p> Kelsey Gemmill Daniela Rivero-Mendoza Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-22 2020-09-22 2020 5 10.32473/edis-fs403-2020 Popular Diets: Raw Foods https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124208 <p>The raw foods diet has its roots in a vegetarian movement dating back to the 1800s. As the name<br>implies, a raw foods diet is a dietary pattern composed of mostly or completely raw, unprocessed foods. This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department explores the potential health benefits and risks of a raw foods diet. Written by Alexa Barad, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, and Wendy Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs404">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs404</a></p> Alexa Barad Daniela Rivero-Mendoza Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-22 2020-09-22 2020 5 10.32473/edis-fs404-2020 Weight Loss and the Older Adult: Risks and Benefits https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/123626 <p>Adults who are obese are often advised to lose weight to reduce the risk of chronic disease. However, the health benefits of weight loss change as we become older, and unintentional weight loss is linked to its own set of health risks. This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department discusses the risks and benefits of planned and unplanned weight loss for older adults. Written by Wendy Gans, Rachelle Savelle, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs401">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs401</a></p> Wendy Gans Rachel L. Savelle Nancy J. Gal Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-22 2020-09-22 2020 5 10.32473/edis-fs401-2020 Diet and Chronic Inflammation https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/123826 <p>Inflammation is your body's response to injury and infection—it's how your immune system helps to protect you from harm. In contrast, chronic inflammation contributes to many diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and kidney and liver disease. This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department discusses inflammation and the dietary choices that may help to reduce chronic inflammation. Written by Daniela Rivero-Mendoza and Wendy Dahl.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs402">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs402</a></p> Daniela Rivero-Mendoza Wendy J. Dahl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 2020 5 10.32473/edis-fs402-2020 Datos acerca del potasio https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124292 <p>El potasio es un mineral que se encuentra dentro de las células del cuerpo. Es uno de varios minerales conocidos como electrolitos. Estos minerales (potasio, sodio y cloruro) se encuentran en los fluidos dentro de las células del cuerpo (intracelular) y fuera de las células (extracelular).&nbsp;El potasio es importante porque ayuda a&nbsp;regular el equilibrio de fluidos y electrolitos,&nbsp;mantener la presión arterial normal,&nbsp;transmitir impulsos nerviosos,&nbsp;controlar contracción muscular, incluido el corazón y&nbsp;mantener huesos sanos.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Previous versions:</p> <p>Datos sobre el potasio, Feb. 2015 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00008853/00001</p> <p>Turner, R., and Linda Bobroff. 2011. “Datos Sobre El Potasio”. <em>EDIS</em> 2011 (1). https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/118855.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Linda Bobroff R. Elaine Turner Daniela Rivero-Mendoza ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 2020 5 10.32473/edis-fy1214-2020 Ocean Acidification: pH Variability Across Space and Time https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/115597 <div id="page"> <div id="page2"> <div id="content"> <div id="content-group"> <div id="content-main"> <div class="content-main-fixed-width"> <div id="feed"> <p>The absorption of atmospheric carbon dioxide by the oceans has changed the chemical properties of seawater and made it more acidic all over the world. Florida, with an extensive coastline and deep cultural and economic ties to marine resources, will be directly affected. This 4-page fact sheet written by Lisa Krimsky, Joseph Henry, and Joshua Patterson and published by the UF/IFAS Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, School of Forest Resources and Conservation focuses on the spatial and temporal variability in oceanic pH and provide an overview of pH variability in Florida's coastal waters.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fa227">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fa227</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Lisa Krimsky Joseph Henry Joshua Patterson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 2020 5 4 4 10.32473/edis-fa227-2020 Bacterial Black Spot (BBS) of Mango in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121442 <p>Bacterial black spot, caused by the bacterium&nbsp;<em>Xanthomonas citri</em>&nbsp;pv.&nbsp;<em>mangiferaeindicae,</em>&nbsp;is a relatively new (~2015) bacterial disease in Florida that has the potential to limit mango production of some cultivars. This new 6-page fact sheet provides the current knowledge and status of the disease potential on various cultivars. Written by Jonathan Crane and Romina Gazis, and published by the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1369">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1369</a></p> Jonathan Henry Crane Romina Gazis ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1369-2020 Hand Pruning and Training of Tropical and Subtropical Fruit Trees https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121890 <p>This new 6-page document explains the proper way to prune fruit trees using hand tools. An important aspect of growing tropical and subtropical fruit trees is size control through pruning. In addition to size control, pruning also makes it easier to spray the tree and harvest fruit from the tree. Pruning also makes the tree more hardy to wind events and healthier in general because you can remove damaged or unhealthy parts of the tree. Written by Jeff Wasielewski, Jonathan Crane, and Carlos Balerdi, and published by the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1372">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1372</a></p> Jeff Wasielewski Jonathan Henry Crane, Dr. Carlos Balerdi, Dr. ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1372-2020 Florida Cultivation Guide for Malabar Spinach https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122029 <p>Malabar spinach (<em>Basella</em>&nbsp;spp.) is a nutritious vegetable in the family Basellaceae. Malabar spinach goes by many names, including Indian spinach, Ceylon spinach, vine spinach, and climbing spinach. Malabar spinach has long been established in cultivation in China and India. This spinach is a novel crop to Florida and is currently grown only for niche markets. However, Florida’s suitable climate coupled with Malabar spinach’s great taste and nutritional quality suggest that this crop has great potential for commercial cultivation. This new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department describes in brief how to grow Malabar spinach, manage pests, harvest, and market it. Written by Yuheng Qiu and Guodong Liu.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1371">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1371</a></p> Yuheng Qiu Guodong Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-09 2020-09-09 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1371-2020 Protected Culture for Vegetable and Small Fruit Crops: Types of Structures https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122173 <p>A protective structure is defined as any structure designed to modify the environment in which plants are grown. Protective structures, such as greenhouses, screen houses, and tunnels, are known worldwide as production systems for high-quality vegetable and fruit crops.&nbsp;</p> <p>This minor revision by Shinsuke Agehara adds updated information regarding 2015 revisions to the&nbsp;Worker Protection Standards in the last paragraph, and removes&nbsp;two former authors are no longer affiliated with UF.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1224">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1224</a></p> <p>Previous version:&nbsp;Santos, Bielinski, Gary Vallad, and Emmanuel Torres-Quezada. 2013. “Protected Culture for Vegetable and Small Fruit Crops: Types of Structures”.&nbsp;<em>EDIS</em>&nbsp;2013 (7). https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121080.</p> Shinsuke Agehara, Dr. Gary Edward Vallad ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-11 2020-09-11 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1224-2020 Daikon Radish Cultivation Guide for Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/118966 <p>Daikon radish is a versatile vegetable crop in the mustard family. It produces a large, white, cylindrical fleshy root weighing up to 4-7 lb. Daikon radish is an especially common vegetable in Asia, particularly Japan, and it tends to be less spicy than other garden types of radish. This new 7-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department provides a primer on cultivation of daikon in Florida, including sections on propagation, growing conditions, pests and diseases, and agricultural, culinary, and medicinal uses. Written by Mary Dixon and Guodong Liu.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1370">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1370</a></p> Mary Dixon Guodong Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1370-2020 Irrigation System Descriptions for Tropical and Subtropical Fruit Crops in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122100 <p>Florida's tropical and subtropical fruit crop industries use various irrigation systems, including high-volume systems designed for irrigation and freeze protection, drip systems for herbaceous fruit crops (papaya, banana), and microsprinkler types, mainly for irrigation and fertigation. There continues to be a steady stream of potential tropical and subtropical fruit producers in Florida, many with little to no knowledge of the various types or purposes of various irrigation system that have been used successfully for the past 60 years. This new 9-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department includes potential producers, Extension faculty and agents, and irrigation companies. Written by Jonathan Crane, Haimanote Bayabil, Edward A. Evans, and Fredy Ballen.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1375">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1375</a></p> Jonathan Henry Crane Haimanote Bayabil Edward A. Evans Fredy Ballen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1375-2020 Recomendaciones para el Control y Mitigación de la Marchitez del Laurel y sus Vectores, los Escarabajos Ambrosia, en Arboledas Comerciales de Aguacate en Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/123248 <p>This is the Spanish translation of&nbsp;<strong>Recommendations for Control and Mitigation of Laurel Wilt and Ambrosia Beetle Vectors in Commercial Avocado Groves in Florida (HS1360)</strong>. Laurel wilt and the ambrosia beetle vectors that transmit this lethal disease have and will continue to affect avocado production in Florida. At least 50% of the commercial producers are Hispanic Americans and some are more comfortable with publications in Spanish. The translator and reviewer are both previous employees of UF/IFAS.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>English Version:</p> <p>Crane, Jonathan, Daniel Carrillo, Edward Evans, Romina Gazis, Bruce Schaffer, Fredy Ballen Orozco, and Jeff Wasielewski. 2020. “Recommendations for Control and Mitigation of Laurel Wilt and Ambrosia Beetle Vectors in Commercial Avocado Groves in Florida”. <em>EDIS</em> 2020 (2). <a href="https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-hs1360-2020">https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-hs1360-2020</a>.</p> Jonathan H. Crane Daniel Carillo Edward A. Evans Romina Gazis Bruce Schaffer Fredy Ballen Jeff Wasielewski Rubén Regalado ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1379-2020 Microgreens: A New Specialty Crop https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/123356 <p>Microgreens are young, tender greens that are used to enhance the color, texture, or flavor of salads, or to garnish a wide variety of main dishes. Harvested at the first true leaf stage and sold with the stem, cotyledons (seed leaves), and first true leaves attached, they are among a variety of novel salad greens available on the market that are typically distinguished categorically by their size and age. Sprouts, microgreens, and baby greens are simply those greens harvested and consumed in an immature state. This article offers production advice for greenhouse microgreen production.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1164">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1164</a></p> <p>This is a minor revision of Treadwell, Danielle, Robert Hochmuth, Linda Landrum, and Wanda Laughlin. 2010. “Microgreens: A New Specialty Crop”.&nbsp;<em>EDIS</em>&nbsp;2010 (3). https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/118552.</p> Danielle Treadwell Robert Hochmuth Linda Landrum Wanda Laughlin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1164-2020 Production Guide for Choy Sum—An Emerging Asian Vegetable in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/120872 <p>Choy sum, also known as Chinese flowering cabbage, is a leafy vegetable that has been widely cultivated in southern China for more than 1,000 years, and is currently cultivated and consumed by a growing population in the western world. This new 5-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department, written by Yanlin Wang and Guodong Liu, provides a brief overview of choy sum and its cultivation, as well as some suggestions for how to include it in a meal.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1380">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1380</a></p> Yanlin Wang Guodong Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-22 2020-09-22 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1380-2020 Implementing the Five Rs of Nutrient Stewardship for Fertigation in Florida’s Vegetable Production https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122627 <p>The five Rs of nutrient stewardship is a mnemonic device used to emphasize accuracy and precision for nutrient management so as to apply the (1) right source of fertilizer at the (2) right rate at the (3) right time in the (4) right place with the (5) right irrigation. Because the majority of Florida's soils are sandy, this fifth R is imperative for sustainable nutrient management for commercial crop production. These main points of nutrient management (source, rate, time, place, irrigation) may help enhance sustainability by reducing pollution by eutrophication, nitrogen loss through ammonia volatilization, and climate change from soil greenhouse gas emission. This new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department was written by Mary Dixon and Guodong Liu.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1386">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1386</a></p> Mary Dixon Guodong Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 2020 5 10.32473/edis-hs1386-2020 Organic Greenhouse Container Herb Production in South Florida: Fertilizer and Potting Media https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/123352 <p>Field production of organic crops, including herbs, in south Florida is a challenging task due to the subtropical climate and high number of pest and disease pressures. Thus, greenhouse production of organic herbs may provide an alernate to field production. However, there is little published information on selecting media and fertilizers for organic herb production in greenhouses in this climate.&nbsp;Greenhouse trials were conducted during the 2005 and 2006 growing season at the UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center (TREC) in Homestead, Florida. The objectives of the project were to 1) compare several commercially available organic fertilizers for organic greenhouse production of container herbs and 2) compare two commercially available potting media for organic greenhouse production of container herbs.&nbsp;The two potting media (Fafard and Agro-Soils) did not result in significant differences in measured plant mass production, plant tissue nutrients, or leachate chemistry. However, some differences in plant production for basil and dill were identified among the different fertilizer treatments (Natural Safe, Perdue, Fertrell, and Control). These differ- ences were most notable for visual quality, fresh weight, and dry weight measurements. Evaluation of these parameters for basil and dill suggested that the two best fertilizers were Perdue and Fertrell. However, the differences in cost of each fertilizer and the study results suggest that Perdue is a more economic choice for organic herb production of basil and dill.</p> Danielle Treadwell Kati Migliaccio Teresa Olczyk Yun Qian Yuncong Li George Hochmuth Robert Hochmuth Eric H. Simonne Lance S. Osborne Richard K. Sprenkel ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ae408-2020 Climate Change and Florida: Frequently Asked Questions https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/114924 <p>Climate change is considered one of the biggest challenges facing society. As global temperatures continue to rise, we are threatened by melting ice sheets, rising sea levels, and extreme weather events. Climate change is also something that the people in south Florida live with daily. Still, the science of climate change is complicated, leaving many in the region looking for trusted information about why climate should matter to them. The purpose of this new 8-page FAQ document is to provide answers to commonly asked questions regarding climate change. The questions come from south Florida residents and municipal workers concerned with the climate outcomes to their region. The FAQ address several areas of concerns, including the basic science behind climate change, the projected impacts to residents of south Florida, and actions that individuals can take to reduce their carbon footprints. Written by Joshua Papacek, Ashley Smyth, Holly Abeels, and Alicia Betancourt, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss682">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss682</a></p> Joshua Papacek Ashley Smyth Holly Abeels Alicia Betancourt ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 2020 5 8 8 10.32473/edis-ss682-2020 Pondweeds of Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/107929 <p>This new 9-page factsheet describes the defining characteristics of the eleven pondweed species that are present in Florida. It serves as a pondweed identification guide for aquatic habitat managers, lake monitors, conservationists, and plant enthusiasts, and it gives some context on each species’ life history and ecological role. Written by Christine Rohal, Laura Reynolds, Carrie Reinhardt Adams, and Charles Martin, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss686">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss686</a></p> Christine Rohal Laura Reynolds Carrie Reinhardt Adams Charles Martin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ss686-2020 Biofuel: Concepts and Considerations https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/108747 <p>Biofuels are combustible fuels derived from recently produced biomass, as opposed to ancient biomass, which is the source of petroleum products. The term biofuel usually refers to liquid fuels used as replacements for or additives to petroleum-based liquid fuel. This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences serves as an introduction to biofuels for Extension educators and anyone interested in learning basic terminology, concepts, and impacts of biofuels as a replacement for fossil fuels. Written by Tanumoy Bera, Kanika S. Inglett, and Ann C. Wilkie.<br><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss688">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss688</a></p> Tanumoy Bera Kanika S. Inglett Ann C. Wilkie ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 2020 5 10.32473/edis-ss688-2020 Bagasse: A Potential Organic Soil Amendment Used in Sugarcane Production https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/107699 <p>Bagasse is an agricultural by-product derived from the sugarcane milling process. It is a dry and fibrous residue left after the extraction of sugar juice from sugarcane. Over 2 million metric tons of bagasse is generated each year in South Florida, and need exists to find environmentally sustainable, yet economically viable use for it. Application of bagasse as a potential soil amendment on mineral soils to grow sugarcane seems like a good option to utilize the product. This factsheet explores the feasibilty of using bagasse as a organic soil amendment to grow sugarcane on mineral soils in South Florida.</p> Jehangir H. Bhadha Nan Xu Raju Khatiwada Stewart Swanson Chris LaBorde ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 2020 5 5 5 10.32473/edis-ss690-2020