EDIS https://journals.flvc.org/edis <p>The EDIS journal provides permanent academic access to current and past published versions of numbered, online Extension publications from the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS). An active collection of EDIS publications deemed current, up-to-date, and relevant to Florida audiences is maintained on&nbsp;a&nbsp;<a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu" target="_blank" rel="noopener">separate public site</a>.&nbsp;</p> University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences en-US EDIS 2576-0009 <p>The documents contained on this website are copyrighted by the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) for the people of the State of Florida. UF/IFAS retains all rights under all conventions, but permits free reproduction by all agents and offices of the Cooperative Extension Service and the people of the State of Florida. Permission is granted to others to use these materials in part or in full for educational purposes, provided that full credit is given to the UF/IFAS, citing the publication, its source, and date of publication.</p> 4-H Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Leader Guide https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124854 <p>Florida-Friendly Landscaping<sup>TM</sup> (FFL) protects natural resources through water conservation, waste and nonpoint source pollution reduction, erosion prevention, and creation of wildlife-sustaining habitats by implementing science-based landscaping practices. <em>4-H Florida-Friendly Landscaping<sup>TM </sup>Curriculum</em> fosters environmental stewardship among youth and allows them to engage in conserving water, soil, and vegetation resources from an early age.</p> <p><br />This curriculum addresses Florida’s unique environment and may be used alone or as a supplement to the 4-H Junior Master Gardener curriculum. Through <em>4-H Florida-Friendly Landscaping<sup>TM </sup>Curriculum,</em> youth will learn nine basic principles of FFL, including water, soil, and vegetation conservation through landscape and gardening activities. This curriculum targets youth in grades 6 to 8 (ages 10 to 14) and contains both in-classroom and home activities that allow youth to understand and engage the world around them, thereby helping them gain life skills in the areas of Head, Heart, Hands, and Health.</p> <p> All volunteers and instructors utilizing this resource should work with their local 4-H Extension Agent to appropriately enroll youth in 4-H in order for them to experience the full benefits of the 4-H Youth Development program and to receive credit for completion of a 4-H project.<br /><br />Leader Guide; <a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h411">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h411</a></p> John Pipoly Angelina Toomey Sarah Hensley Esen Momol Jennifer W. Marvin Kelly Perez Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-06 2021-10-06 2021 5 10.32473/edis-4h411-2021 Florida 4-H Senior Horse Record Book https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129267 <p>The purpose of the 4-H Horse Program is to provide young people an opportunity to participate in a series of activities designed to improve citizenship, sportsmanship, horsemanship, character, competitive spirit, discipline, and responsibility, while creating an atmosphere for learning and awareness of the life around us. This new 24-page publication of the UF/IFAS 4-H Youth Development Program was written by Wendy DeVito, Saundra TenBroeck, Shane Michael, Megan Brew, and Alyssa Ohmstede.<br /><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h418">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h418</a></p> Wendy T. DeVito Saundra H. TenBroeck Shane T. Michael Megan N. Brew Alyssa M. Ohmstede Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-01 2021-10-01 2021 5 10.32473/edis-4h418-2021 4-H Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Workbook https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129666 <p>Florida-Friendly Landscaping<sup>TM</sup> (FFL) protects natural resources through water conservation, waste and nonpoint source pollution reduction, erosion prevention, and creation of wildlife-sustaining habitats by implementing science-based landscaping practices. <em>4-H Florida-Friendly Landscaping<sup>TM </sup>Curriculum</em> fosters environmental stewardship among youth and allows them to engage in conserving water, soil, and vegetation resources from an early age.</p> <p>This curriculum addresses Florida’s unique environment and may be used alone or as a supplement to the 4-H Junior Master Gardener curriculum. Through <em>4-H Florida-Friendly Landscaping<sup>TM </sup>Curriculum,</em> youth will learn nine basic principles of FFL, including water, soil, and vegetation conservation through landscape and gardening activities. This curriculum targets youth in grades 6 to 8 (ages 10 to 14) and contains both in-classroom and home activities that allow youth to understand and engage the world around them, thereby helping them gain life skills in the areas of Head, Heart, Hands, and Health.</p> <p>All volunteers and instructors utilizing this resource should work with their local 4-H Extension Agent to appropriately enroll youth in 4-H in order for them to experience the full benefits of the 4-H Youth Development program and to receive credit for completion of a 4-H project.</p> <p>Workbook; <a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h422">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h422</a></p> John Pipoly Angelina Toomey Sarah Hensley Esen Momol Jennifer W. Marvin Kelly Perez Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-06 2021-10-06 2021 5 10.32473/edis-4h422-2021 Common Bark Beetle Pests of Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/121918 <p>This new 4-page guide was created specifically as an aid for youth forestry knowledge competitions, including 4-H and Future Farmers of America. Along with a collection of the listed beetles, it is suitable as a beginner’s introduction to the most important pine pests in Florida. Written by Sawyer Adams and Jiri Hulcr and published by the UF/IFAS 4-H Youth Development Program.</p> <p>This publication was amended on 10/18/2021 to remove a line from the description of the reproduction weevil.</p> Sawyer Adams Jiri Hulcr Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 2021 5 10.32473/edis-4h417-2021 El maracuyá en Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128980 <p>Passionfruit is a short-lived evergreen perennial vine that produces an aromatic, tropical-tasting fruit. This new 14-page Spanish translation of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department provides a description of passionfruit and its various species and cultivars, as well as a guide to culture and management, harvest and storage, its pests and diseases, and food and marketing. By M. Bailey, A. Sarkhosh, A. Rezazadeh, J. Anderson, A. Chambers, and J. Crane. Translated by J. Clavijo-Herrer.</p> Mark Bailey Ali Sarkhosh Amir Rezazadeh Joshua Anderson Alan Chambers Jonathan Crane Jonathan Clavijo-Herrera Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs1421-2021 Growing Lettuce in Small Hydroponic Systems https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128834 <p>This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department presents an overview on the use of different small hydroponic systems that could be implemented by home gardeners for lettuce. Recommendations on lighting, media, and other key aspects are presented in this publication as well. Written by Germán V. Sandoya, Jonael Bosques, Francisco Rivera, and E. Vanessa Campoverde.</p> Germán V. Sandoya Jonael Bosques Francisco Rivera E. Vanessa Campoverde Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-27 2021-09-27 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs1422-2021 Exploring Opportunities for Malting Barley Production in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126868 <p>This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department aims to inform Florida growers and the craft brewing and distillery industry about the current knowledge of the potential yield and challenges of barley cultivation in north Florida. Written by Charles E. Barrett, Lincoln Zotarelli, Sylvia M. Willis, Jay M. Capasso, Ethan T. Carter, De Broughton, Kevin R. Athearn, Andrew MacIntosh, Alicia N. Halbritter, Matthew T. Smith, Kevin A. Korus, and Daniel J. Leonard.<br /><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1420">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1420</a></p> Charles E. Barrett Lincoln Zotarelli Sylvia M. Willis Jay M. Capasso Ethan T. Carter De Broughton Kevin R. Athearn Andrew MacIntosh Alicia N Halbritter Matthew T. Smith Kevin A. Korus Daniel J. Leonard Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs1420-2021 Determination of Carbonate Concentrations in Calcareous Soils with Common Vinegar Test https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129467 <p style="line-height: 13.7pt;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: black;">Calcareous soils are those that have free calcium carbonate (CaCO<sub>3</sub>) and have pH values in the range of 7.0 to 8.3. If they are managed properly, calcareous soils can be used to grow any crop. Before employing any management practices, it is important to know how much carbonate exists in the soil. Soil carbonate is usually quantified by acid dissolution followed by the volumetric analysis of the released carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>). In geological sciences, a simple acid test consists of placing a drop of dilute hydrochloric acid on a rock or mineral and observing if there are CO<sub>2 </sub>bubbles released; the bubbles indicate the presence of carbonate minerals. The household test below uses vinegar and other simple instruments to estimate soil carbonate concentration.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 13.7pt;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: black;">Minor revision with an added author.</span></p> Qiang Zhu Yuncong Li Guodong Liu Monica Ozores-Hampton Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs1262-2021 Growing Strawberries in the Florida Home Garden https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129471 <p>Florida is the winter strawberry capital of the world. In commercial and home production, strawberries are grown as an annual crop rather than as perennials. This 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department presents guidelines for the successful production of strawberries in the Florida home garden. Minor revision with an updated byline of Chandler, C. K., N. A. Peres, V. M. Whitaker, H. A. Smith, and S. P. Brown. 2014. "Growing Strawberries in the Florida Home Garden." <em>EDIS </em>2008 (6).</p> <p><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs403">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs403</a></p> <p> </p> <div class="figure"> </div> Vance M. Whitaker Natalia Peres Sriyanka Lahiri Sydney Park Brown Craig K. Chandler Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs403-2021 Strategies for Improving Phosphorus Use Efficiency in Lettuce Grown on Histosols https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128794 <p>The global demand for P fertilizers has been significantly increasing, resulting in higher costs and environmental concerns associated with eutrophication. Fertilizer expenses and environmental risks can be reduced through the implementation of sustainable strategies. This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department compiles several strategies to improve the utilization of P fertilization in lettuce grown in the Everglades Agricultural Area.<br /><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1423">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1423</a></p> Gustavo Kreutz Jehangir Bhadha Guodong Liu Marcio Resende Alan Wright D. Calvin Odero German Sandoya Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-20 2021-10-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs1423-2021 [IN1329] Fig Psyllid Homotoma ficus (L.) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Homotomidae); Curtain Fig Psyllid Macrohomotoma gladiata Kuwayama (Insecta: Hemiptera: Homotomidae); and Ficus Leaf-Rolling Psyllid Trioza brevigenae Mathur (Insecta: Hemiptera: Triozidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126282 <p>This article details three adventive (to North America) psyllid species that feed on ficus. <em>Homotoma ficus</em> (the fig psylla) was noticed first in 1969, and <em>Macrohomotoma gladiata</em> (the curtain fig psyllid) and <em>Trioza brevigenae</em> (the ficus leaf rolling psyllid) were found to be present in 2015 and 2016, respectively. All three three species are currently found only in California, but could possibly spread to other states including Florida in the future.&nbsp;</p> Alexander Tasi Tolulope Morawo Susan Halbert Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1329-2021 [IN1337] Encarsia Wasp, a Silverleaf Whitefly Parasitoid (suggested) Encarsia formosa Gahan (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127437 Erich Schoeller Vivek Kumar Cindy L. McKenzie Lance S. Osborne Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1337-2021 Sophia or Transvena Parasitic Wasp (suggested common name) Encarsia sophia Girault and Dodd (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127432 Erich N. Schoeller Vivek Kumar Cindy L. McKenzie Lance S. Osborne Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1333-2021 (IN1330) common name: oriental rat flea; scientific name: Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild, 1903) (Insecta: Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125883 <p>This is an FC submission; below I have pasted the Introduction.</p> <p>The oriental rat flea, <em>Xenopsylla cheopis </em>(Rothschild, 1903), is a member of the family Pulicidae in the order Siphonaptera. Fleas are highly specialized insects that are demonstrably successful as ectoparasites of birds and mammals (Marquardt, et al. 2000). Of the nearly 2,500 species of fleas known from around the world (Triplehorn &amp; Johnson 2005), few are as infamous as the oriental rat flea. This species is best known as the carrier of the plague bacterium (<em>Yersinia</em> <em>pestis</em>) that was responsible for decimating large populations of people, including nearly a third of the human population of Europe, and influenced the trajectory of human history (Fasulo 2004). In addition to its role as a vector of the plague bacterium, this species can vector other pathogens and at least two tapeworm parasites of humans (Marquardt, et al. 2000; Gage 2005).</p> Chad L. Cross Jason L. Williams Andrea Lucky Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 2021 5 10.32473/edis-IN1330-2021 [IN1336] Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127462 <p>The Argentine ant,<em> Linepithema humile</em> (Mayr), is an insect native to South America, but an invasive species in many parts of the world. It is globally distributed. <em>Linepithema humile</em> is considered a pest species, primarily due to its feeding habits of tending and protecting honeydew producing insects, such as scale insects, which are often damaging to crops and ornamental plants. This aggressive, populous ant species also has a negative effect on native ant species. <em>Linepithema humile</em> colonies have multiple queens, allowing colonies to grow and spread rapidly. Under certain conditions, the argentine ant may also become a household pest if it finds a way into homes. <em>Linepithema humile</em> has been designated as a tramp ant species, meaning that it has an incredible ability to spread and establish in new areas and is difficult to control. <em>Linepithema humile</em>, like other tramp species, can establish in new locations quickly due to the multi-queen nature of the colonies, their abitlity to forage and find resources, and the extensive network of interrelated colonies they are able to form. This document provides an in-depth synopsis of the insect's life history, biology, and management.</p> Katherine Carroll Adam Dale Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1336-2021 Cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus (Insecta: Coleoptera: Bruchidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127674 Garima Garima Rafia Khan Dakshina Seal Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1338-2021 Eastern Cranberry Bee Melitta americana Smith (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Melittidae: Melitta) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126468 Lidia M Komondy Cameron Jack Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1334-2021 La Grama St. Augustine Para Patios de Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129398 <p>La grama o césped St. Augustine (<em>Stenotaphrum secundatum</em> [Walt.] Kuntze) está muy adaptada a las zonas calurosas y húmedas (subtropicales) del mundo. Se cree que es nativa de las regiones costeras del Golfo de México y del Mediterráneo. St. Augustine es la especie de grama más usada en Florida (Figura 1). Esta publicación está destinada a propietarios de casas y encargados de pasto y césped que manejan grama St Augustine en el paisaje de Florida.</p> <p>Minor revision of Trenholm, Laurie, Joseph Bryan Unruh, Travis W. Shaddox, Carlos F. Balerdi, and Henrique Mayer. 2018. “La Grama St. Augustine Para Patios De Florida: ENH1288/EP552, 1/2018”. <em>EDIS</em> 2018 (1). https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-ep552-2018.</p> Laurie Trenholm Marco Schiavon J. Unruh Travis Shaddox Kevin Kenworthy Carlos F. Balerdi Henrique Mayer Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ep552-2021 A Step-by-Step Guide for Automated Plant Canopy Delineation Using Deep Learning: An Example in Strawberry Using ArcGIS Pro Software https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127406 <p>This publication presents a guide to image analysis for researchers and farm managers who use ArcGIS software. Anyone with basic geographic information system analysis skills may follow along with the demonstration and learn to implement the Mask Region Convolutional Neural Networks model, a widely used model for object detection, to delineate strawberry canopies using ArcGIS Pro Image Analyst Extension in a simple workflow. This process is useful for precision agriculture management.</p> Amr Abd-Elrahman Katie Britt Vance Whitaker Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fr441-2021 Salvaging Native Plants from Sites Slated for Development: Stop Wasting Resources https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127466 <p>This fact sheet provides examples of native plant species that can be salvaged from sites slated for development for urban landscaping. It also provides strategies to increase the economic and logistic feasibility of salvaging efforts. The authors found 80 salvageable native plant species on a proposed development site, 31 of which had the potential to establish in soils more sterile and compacted than the soils in which these species typically flourish.</p> Kayla M. Hess Taylor Clem Basil V. Iannone III Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fr442-2021 Water availability in southwest Georgia and northeast Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127385 <p>Stretching from Mississippi to South Carolina, the Floridan Aquifer is the main source of freshwater for southwest Georgia and north Florida. It provides drinking water for approximately 10 million people, supports agriculture and tourism, and sustains the ecosystem. The aquifer’s capacity is large but limited, and meeting the area's water demands will require balancing withdrawals from the aquifer with replenishment from rainfall, a particularly difficult problem in drier times.</p> Martha C. Monroe Sadie Hundemer Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fr438-2021 Streaming Science #1: An Introduction to Using Mobile Technologies for Engagement with Your Target Audience https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129617 <p>This first publication in the Streaming Science EDIS series is focused on how to use mobile hardware and software for engagement with your target audience. This article and series emphasize the creation of communication and educational content via mobile technologies, can be useful for communicators and educators in a variety of settings, and can guide the development of digital engagement experiences for youth and adult audiences. Written by Peyton Beattie and Jamie Loizzo; 3 pp.<br /><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc397">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc397</a></p> Peyton Beattie Jamie Loizzo Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 2021 5 10.32473/edis-wc397-2021 Top 10 Raptors of Northern Belize https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127814 <p>More than 500 species of birds visit or live in Belize and because of its location, Northern Belize serves as an important stop-over point and attracts a large majority of migratory birds in addition to its year-round residents. This guide showcases the top 10 raptor species (predatory birds) that you are most likely to encounter while in Northern Belize.</p> Elizabeth Scarlett Venetia Briggs-Gonzalez Justin Dalaba Jorge E. Ruano Frank Mazzotti Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 2021 5 10.32473/edis-uw483-2021 Growth and Spread of the Argentine Black and White Tegu in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127980 <p>The Argentine black and white tegu is one of the largest lizard species in the Western Hemisphere, growing up to four feet long. The tegu’s broad habitat use and omnivorous diet create the potential for severe ecological impacts in areas outside its native habitat. This publication presents updated information about efforts to understand and manage the problem of invasive tegus in the state of Florida. It presents the implications of continued expansion of their range.</p> Rebecca G. Harvey Justin Dalaba Jenny Ketterlin Art Roybal Daniel Quinn Frank J. Mazzotti Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 2021 5 10.32473/edis-uw482-2021 Large Snake Lineup for South Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127546 <p>Fifty species of native snakes live in Florida, help maintain a balance in the ecosystem, and encourage healthy crops. Many non-native snakes have become established, as well, and some have harmed the ecosystem. This brochure is a guide to identifying the snakes of south Florida and differentiating between non-native and commonly confused native snake species.</p> Jenna Cole Justin Dalaba Melissa Miller Frank J. Mazzotti Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 2021 5 10.32473/edis-uw484-2021 Fish Population Recruitment 2: Stock Recruit Relationships and why they matter for stock assessment https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/118309 <p>A good understanding of stock recruitment is essential for accurate stock assessment and good fisheries management. But recruitment and how it is used can be difficult to understand. This publication uses a recent Florida spotted seatrout stock assessment as an example to show how the stock-recruit relationship allows managers to determine whether or not a given fish population is overfished. </p> Edward V. Camp Angela B. Collins Robert N.M. Ahrens Kai Lorenzen Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fa234-2021 Candidate Species for Florida Aquaculture: Arapaima Arapaima gigas https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124057 <p>Arapaima Arapaima gigas, also known as paiche and pirarucu, is a large South American freshwater fish with unique biology, favorable aquaculture characteristics, and potential for production in south Florida. This publication provides Arapaima gigas biology, specific culture methods known for each stage of development, and information about diseases and parasites, markets, and the laws associated with this species to potential Florida producers.</p> Cortney Ohs Jeffrey Hill Sarah Wright H. Mae Giddings Allison Durland Donahou Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fa236-2021 A Guide to Nesting Sea Turtles in Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122750 <p>Florida’s coastline provides critical habitat for sea turtle nesting, as it has for millions of years. Throughout the state, three of the seven species of sea turtles in the world have significant nesting populations. Loggerhead, green, and leatherback sea turtles use Florida’s beaches to lay nests each year. This publication provides information on the identification, nesting characteristics, and abundance of each of the common sea turtle species who nest in Florida.</p> Analisa Duran Ruth Francis-Floyd Maia Patterson Mcguire Iskande Larkin Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fa235-2021 Milking Management Program: Proper Milking Procedures to Optimize Milking Efficiency and Milk Quality https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124010 <p>The purpose of this article is to help producers and herd managers improve milking management and produce high-quality milk. The article may be used as a training tool for new and existing employees. Written by Izabella Toledo, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Animal Sciences, October 2021.</p> Izabella Toledo Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-14 2021-10-14 2021 5 10.32473/edis-an369-2021 Common Hazards to Consider during the Manufacturing of Poultry Feed https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127669 <p>This publication aims to provide a list of common hazards to consider when manufacturing poultry feeds. Written by Jessica Brown, Ashley Cavallo, Lindsay Zombek, Carli Brown, Arianna Minnie, Mindi Dennis, Gabrielle Allen, and Jason M. Scheffler, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Animal Sciences, October 2021.</p> Jessica Brown Ashley Cavallo Lindsay Zombek Carli Brown Arianna Minnie Melinda Dennis Gabrielle Allen Jason M. Scheffler Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-21 2021-10-21 2021 5 10.32473/edis-AN368-2021 Mastitis in Small Ruminants https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122611 <p>Mastitis often reduces animal performance and productivity as well as farm profitability. The purpose of this article is to help small ruminant producers to identify, treat, control, and prevent mastitis in small ruminants. Written by Izabella Toledo and Justina Dacey, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Animal Sciences, September 2021.</p> Izabella Toledo Justina Dacey Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-27 2021-09-27 2021 5 10.32473/edis-an367-2021 Targeting ADG of Developing Replacement Heifers Using Age and Body Weight https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128974 <p>This publication was prepared to assist beef cattle producers and livestock agents in determining the target ADG and management system to develop replacement beef heifers in Florida. Written by John Arthington and Philipe Moriel, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Animal Sciences, revised October 2021.</p> John Arthington Philipe Moriel Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 2021 5 10.32473/edis-an305-2021 Measuring Leaf Water Potential https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128964 <p>This article summarizes the basic concepts of leaf water potential measurements and two available methods for measuring leaf water potential under field and laboratory conditions. Written by Christian Bartell, Haimanote K. Bayabil, Bruce Schaffer, Fitsum Tilahun, and Fikadu Getachew, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, October 2021.</p> Christian Bartell Haimanote K. Bayabil Bruce Schaffer Fitsum Tilahun Fikadu Getachew Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ae563-2021 Who Owns and Controls Farming Data? https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128347 <p>This publication aims to clarify the concerns regarding data ownership and explain the responsibilities of that ownership, sharing, and benefits in a collaborative smart farming application. Written by Ziwen Yu, Albert De Vries, Yiannis Ampatzidis, and D. Daniel Sokol, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, October 2021.</p> Ziwen Yu Albert De Vries Yiannis Ampatzidis D. Daniel Sokol Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-21 2021-10-21 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ae564-2021 Moisture Retention and Chemical Properties of Nursery Potting Substrates https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/122482 <p>This publication provides general information about differences in moisture retention characteristics and chemical properties of most common potting substrates used by the nursery industry in south Florida. Written by Haimanote K. Bayabil, Fitsum T. Tilahun, Yuncong Li, and E. Vanessa Campoverde, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, October 2021.</p> Haimanote K. Bayabil Fitsum T. Tilahun Yuncong Li E. Vanessa Campoverde Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-22 2021-10-22 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ae562-2021 Ehrlichia and Anaplasma https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125665 <p><em>Ehrlichia</em> and <em>Anaplasma</em> are bacteria that cause diseases, known as ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis, in humans and other animals. <em>Ehrlichia</em> and<em> Anaplasma</em> are primarily transmitted through the bites of infected hard ticks, such as the lone star tick, the blacklegged tick, and the American dog tick. This publication describes the various forms of ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis and the tick vectors.</p> Yuexun Tian Cynthia C Lord Eva A. Buckner Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1327-2021 The Hibiscus bud weevil (Anthonomus testaceosquamosus Linell, Coleoptera: Curculionidae) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/126298 <p>A profile of the hibiscus bud weevil intended for the use of interested laypersons with some knowledge of biology as well as academic audiences. The hibiscus bud weevil, a pest of China rose hibiscus, originates from northeastern Mexico and southern Texas and can cause large economic losses to hibiscus growers. This fact sheet provides nursery owners, homeowners, and other interested people with information on this serious pest.</p> Alexandra M. Revynthi Yisell Velazquez Hernandez Juleysy Rodriguez Paul E. Kendra Daniel Carrillo Catharine M. Mannion Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1328-2021 Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) Management Program for Ornamental Plants https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129407 <p><em>Bemisia tabaci</em> (Gennadius), commonly known as silverleaf whitefly, is a polyphagous pest and listed as one of the world’s 100 worst invasive species. It is known to feed on more than 1000 plant species and vector over 120 plant-damaging viruses. This publication provides a management program for nursery and ornamental plant growers to aid in their efforts to minimize selection for insecticide resistance irrespective of whitefly biotype while helping to achieve top-quality plant materials.</p> Muhammad Ahmed Lance Osborne Vivek Kumar Cindy McKenzie Cristi Palmer Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-14 2021-10-14 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in1171-2021 Biology and Management of Pusley (Richardia L.) in Turfgrass and Landscape Planting Beds https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128533 <p>This new 7-page article was written for homeowners and green industry professionals to aid in the identification and management of the three most common pusleys, including Florida, Brazilian, and largeflower pusley (Richardia spp.), in turfgrass and landscape planting beds. Written by Evan Anderson, Pawel Petelewicz, and Chris Marble, and published by the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department.</p> Evan Anderson Pawel Petelewicz Chris Marble Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ep610-2021 Key Plant, Key Pests: Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta) https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127497 <p>This series of <em>Key Plant, Key Pests</em> publications are designed for Florida gardeners, horticulturalists, and landscape professionals to help identify common pests associated with common Florida flora. This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department provides information and general management recommendations for aulacaspis scale, other scales, mealybugs, and manganese deficiency. <br /><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep608">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep608</a></p> Juanita Popenoe Matthew Borden Adam G Dale Angela Colonna Caroline R Warwick Brian J. Pearson Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ep608-2021 Uses of Raw Products Obtained from Hemp: Fiber, Seed, and Cannabinoids https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128862 <p>This publication discusses three main harvestable products of hemp: fiber, seeds, and cannabinoids, along with their current and potential uses. Written by Navdeep Kaur, Lakesh K. Sharma, Christine Kelly-Begazo, Mark Tancig, and Zachary Brym, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, September 2021.</p> Navdeep Kaur Lakesh Sharma Christine Kelly-Begazo Mark Tancig Zachary Brym Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-17 2021-09-17 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ag459-2021 Biology and Control of Indian Jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana): A Weed to Watch in Florida Pastures and Natural Areas https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129297 <p>This publication discusses the identification, habitat, ecology, spread, and control of Indian jujube. Written by Brent Sellers, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised October 2021.</p> Brent A. Sellers Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-22 2021-10-22 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ag313-2021 A Walk on the Wild Side: 2021 Cool-Season Forage Recommendations for Wildlife Food Plots in North Florida https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129436 <p>The list of cool-season forage recommendations for wildlife in this publication includes varieties that have been tested and are known to perform well in Florida. Written by M. Wallau, A. R. Blount, J. M. Campos-Krauer, M. A. Lashley, E. Rios, J. M. B. Vendramini, J. C. B. Dubeux, Md. A. Babar, C. L. Mackowiak, and K. H. Quesenberry, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised October 2021.</p> M. Wallau A. R. Blount J. M. Campos Krauer M. A. Lashley E. Rios J. M. B. Vendramini J. C. B. Dubeux Md. A. Babar C. L. Mackowiak K. H. Quesenberry Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-18 2021-10-18 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ag139-2021 Industrial Hemp in the United States: Definition and History https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128860 <p>This publication provides information about industrial hemp, its origins, and its cultivation. Written by Mark Tancig, Christine Kelly-Begazo, Navdeep Kaur, Lakesh K. Sharma, and Zachary Brym, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, September 2021.</p> Mark Tancig Christine Kelly-Begazo Navdeep Kaur Lakesh Sharma Zachary Brym Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-17 2021-09-17 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ag458-2021 Valuing Florida Water Resources: Summary by Regions https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/124909 <p>This article is a part of the EDIS series “Economic Value of Florida Water Resources” (see <a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_series_valuing_florida_water_resources">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_series_valuing_florida_water_resources</a> ). This series is aimed at helping water-resource professionals and interested citizens improve their knowledge of the economic value of goods and services provided by Florida water resources. The focus of this paper is specifically on supporting and regulating ecosystem services provided by Florida water resources.</p> Fei He Tatiana Borisova Xiang Bi Kelly Grogan Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fe1100-2021 2021-2022 Quick Reference Guide to Citrus Insecticides and Miticides https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129192 <p>A two-page quick reference guide to citrus insecticides and miticides recommended in the Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide, their effects on important citrus pests, and their natural enemies.</p> <p> </p> L. M. Diepenbrock L. L. Stelinski J. D. Burrow J. A. Qureshi Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 2021 5 10.32473/edis-in807-2021 Individual Protective Covers (IPCs) for Young Tree Protection from the HLB Vector, the Asian Citrus Psyllid https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128895 <p>Psyllid exclusion is the most effective strategy to keep citrus trees free from HLB. Individual protective covers (IPCs) are a novel strategy based on psyllid exclusion of individual trees using a protective mesh bag. This new 3-page publication summarizes the knowledge we have accrued from our 3-year-long field studies using the IPC system and provides recommendations that can help with effective use of this technology. By F. Alferez, U. Albrecht, S. Gaire, O. Batuman, J. Qureshi, and M. Zekri.<br /><a href="https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1425">https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1425</a></p> Fernando Alferez Ute Albrecht Susmita Gaire Ozgur Batuman Jawwad Qureshi Mongi Zekri Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 2021 5 10.32473/edis-hs1425-2021 A Practical Guide to Healthy Living https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/128855 <p>This publication provides a guide to implementing healthy living and wellness practices. Written by Wendy W. Lynch, Annie Wallau, Melanie Thomas, Wendy Mussoline, and Catherine Campbell, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, September 2021.</p> Wendy Lynch Annie Wallau Melanie Thomas Wendy Mussoline Catherine Campbell Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fy1498-2021 Mental Health Effects of Media Exposure Following a Natural Disaster https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/125545 <p>This document aims to discuss the impacts on mental health that can be intensified via media consumption and to provide media consumption guidelines that can help to monitor media use and decrease negative mental health impacts. Written by Julia Frohlich, Angela B. Lindsey, and Heidi Radunovich, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, October 2021.</p> Julia Frohlich Angela B. Lindsey Heidi Radunovich Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fy1499-2021 Cellular Agriculture for Production of Cell-Based Seafood https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129206 <p>This new 4-page article intends to give basic information about the cell-based seafood production system to consumers and seafood producers. Written by Razieh Farzad and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.</p> Razieh Farzad Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fs432-2021 Deep Learning Classification of High-Resolution Drone Images Using the ArcGIS Pro Software https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/127433 <p>Deep learning classification of invasive species using widely-used ArcGIS Pro software and increasingly common drone imagery can aid in identification and management of natural areas. A step-by-step implementation, with associated data for users to access, is presented to make this technology more widely accessible to GIS analysts, researchers, and graduate students working with remotely sensed data in the natural resource field.</p> Amr Abd-Elrahman Katie Britt Tao Liu Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-15 2021-10-15 2021 5 10.32473/edis-fr444-2021 UF/IFAS Standardized Fertilization Recommendations for Agronomic Crops https://journals.flvc.org/edis/article/view/129693 <p>This publication presents in abbreviated form the fertilization recommendations for agronomic crops based on soil tests performed by the UF/IFAS Extension Soil Testing Laboratory (ESTL). It contains the basic information from which ESTL soil-test reports and fertilization recommendations are generated.</p> Rao Mylavarapu David Wright Gerald Kidder Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/copyright.html 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 2021 5 10.32473/edis-ss163-2021