Updated by Edwin R. Burgess IV. Originally written by Phillip E. Kaufman and Emma N. I. Weeks, January 2016.
Broce AB. 1988. An improved Alsynite trap for stable flies Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 25: 406-409. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/25.5.406
Campbell JB, Skoda SR, Berkebile DR, Boxler DJ, Thomas GD, Adams DC, Davis R. 2001. Effects of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on weight gains of grazing yearling cattle. Journal of Economic Entomology 94: 780-783. https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.3.780
Catangui MA, Campbell JB, Thomas GD, Boxler DJ. 1995. Average daily gains of Brahman-crossbred and English x exotic feeder heifers during long-term exposure to stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 88: 1349-1352. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/88.5.1349
Catangui MA, Campbell JB, Thomas GD, Boxler DJ. 1997. Calculating economic injury levels for stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on feeder heifers. Journal of Economic Entomology 90: 6-10. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/90.1.6
Cilek JE. 2002. Attractiveness of beach ball decoys to adult Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 39: 127-129. https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-39.1.127
Foil L, Hogsette JA. 1994. Biology and control of tabanids, stable flies and horn flies. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13: 1125-1158. https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.13.4.821
Hogsette JA, Ruff JP. 1985. Stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae) migration in northwest Florida. Environmental Entomology 14: 170-175. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/14.2.170
Hogsette JA, Ruff JP, Jones CJ. 1989. Dispersal of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae). Miscellaneous Publications of the Entomological Society of America 74: 23-32.
Hogsette JA. 1990. Comparative attraction of four different fiberglass traps to various age and sex classes of stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae) adults. Journal of Economic Entomology 83: 883-886. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/83.3.883
Hogsette JA, Ose GA. 2017. Improved capture of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) by placement of knight stick sticky traps protected by electric fence inside animal exhibit yards at the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park. Zoo Biology 36: 382-386. https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21382
Hogsette JA, Foil LD. 2018. Blue and black cloth targets: Effects of size, shape and color on stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economical Entomology 111: 974-979. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy015
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (IT IS). 2002. Stomoxys calcitrans TSN 150287. Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database, http://www.itis.gov. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=150287 (31 October 2022).
Jones CJ, Hogsette JA, Patterson RS, Milne DE, Propp GD, Milio JF, Rickard LG, Ruff JP. 1991. Origin of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on west Florida beaches: Electrophoretic analysis of dispersal. Journal of Medical Entomology 28: 787-795. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/28.6.787
King WV, Lenert LG. 1936. Outbreaks of Stomoxys calcitrans ("dog flies") along Florida's Northwest coast. Florida Entomologist 19(3): 33-42. https://doi.org/10.2307/3492310
LaBrecque GC, Meifert DW, Weidhaas DE. 1972. Dynamics of house fly and stable fly populations. Florida Entomologist 55: 101-106. https://doi.org/10.2307/3493346
Lysyk TJ. 1993. Seasonal abundance of stable flies and house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in dairies in Alberta, Canada. Journal of Medical Entomology 30:888-895. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/30.5.888
Machtinger ET, Geden CJ, Kaufman PE, House AM. 2015. Use of pupal parasitoids as biological control agents of filth flies on equine facilities. Journal of Integrated Pest Management. 6:16 DOI:10.1093/jipm/pmv015. https://doi.org/10.1093/jipm/pmv015
Machtinger ET, Leppla NC, Hogsette JA. 2015. An assessment of the seasonal abundance and species composition of filth flies and their parasitoids on Florida equine farms to improve biological control. Neotropical Entomology. In press.
Marcon PCRG, Thomas GD, Siegfried BD, Campbell JB. 1997. Susceptibility of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from southeastern Nebraska beef cattle feedlots to selected insecticides and comparison of 3 bioassay techniques. Journal of Economic Entomology 90: 293-298. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/90.2.293
Moon RD. 2002. Muscoid flies (Muscidae), pp. 45-65. In GR Mullen and LA Durden (eds.), Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 2. Elsevier, San Diego, CA. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012510451-7/50016-5
Pickens LG, Schmidtmann ET, Miller RW. 1994. How to control house and stable flies without using pesticides, pp. 1-14. USDA, Washington, DC.
Pitzer JB, Kaufman PE, TenBroeck SH, Maruniak JE. 2011. Host blood meal identification by multiplex polymerase chain reaction for dispersal evidence of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) between livestock facilities. Journal of Medical Entomology 48: 53-60. https://doi.org/10.1603/ME10123
Rochon K, Lysyk TJ, Selinger LB. 2004. Persistence of Escherichia coli in immature house fly and stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae) in relation to larval growth and survival. Journal of Medical Entomology 41: 1082-1089. https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-41.6.1082
Semelbauer M, Mangová B, Barta M, Kozánek M. 2018. The factors influencing seasonal dynamics and spatial distribution of stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera, Muscidae) within stables. Insects 9: 142 DOI: 10.3390/insects9040142. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040142
Taylor DB, Moon RD, Mark DR. 2012. Economic impact of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on dairy and beef cattle production. Journal of Medical Entomology 49: 198-209. https://doi.org/10.1603/ME10050
Weeks ENI, Machtinger ET, Gezan SA, Kaufman PE, Geden CJ. 2017. Effects of four commercial fungal formulations on mortality and sporulation in house flies (Musca domestica) and stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans). Medical and Veterinary Entomology 31: 15-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12201
Weeks ENI, Machtinger ET, Leemon D, Geden CJ. 2018. Biological control of livestock pests: entomopathogens. In C Garros, J Bouyer, W Takken, RC Smallegange (eds.), Prevention and Control of Pests and Vector-borne Diseases in the Livestock Industry. Ecology and Control of Vector-Borne Diseases Volume 5. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-863-6_12
Woolley CE, Lachance S, DeVries TJ, Bergeron R. 2018. Behavioral and physiological responses to pest flies in pastured dairy cows treated with a natural repellent. Applied Animal Behavioral Science 207: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2018.07.009
Wright RE. 1985. Arthropod pests of beef cattle on pastures and range land, pp. 191-206. In RE Williams, RD Hall, AB Broce and PJ Scholl (eds.), Livestock Entomology. Wiley, New York.