Learn how to swim safely and avoid this itchy skin rash in this 3-page document written by Emma N. I. Weeks and Katherine Sayler and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Entomology and Nematology. Updated May 2022 with Heather Stockdale Walden.
Al-Jubury, A., Y. Duan, P. Kania, E. Tracz, A. Bygum, L.v.G. Jørgensen, P. Horák, and K. Buchmann. 2021. "Avian schistosome species in Danish freshwater lakes: Relation to biotic and abiotic factors." Journal of Helminthology 95: E22. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X21000122
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Parasites - Cercarial dermatitis (also known as Swimmer's itch)." https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/swimmersitch/index.html (15 December 2021)
Kolárová L., P. Horák, K. Skírnisson, H. Marecková, and H. Doenhoff. 2013. "Cercarial dermatitis, a neglected allergic disease." Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology 45: 63-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12016-012-8334-y
Rodriguez, J. Y., B. C. Lewis, and K. F. Snowden. 2014. "Distribution and characterization of Heterobilharzia americana in dogs in Texas." Veterinary Parasitology 102: 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.03.026
Sckrabulis, J., A. Flory, and T. Raffel, T. 2020. Direct onshore wind predicts daily swimmer's itch (avian schistosome) incidence at a Michigan beach. Parasitology 147: 431-440. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182020000074
Verbrugge, L., J. J. Rainey, R. L. Remimink, and H. D. Blankespoor. 2004. "Swimmer's itch: Incidence and risk factors." American Journal of Public Health. 94: 738-741. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.5.738