Diet and Chronic Inflammation
Assortment of food and groceries that can be purchased for under twenty-five dollars. Photo taken 11-09-16.Photo Credits:  UF/IFAS Photo by Camila Guillen
view on EDIS


whole grain
plant-based diet
glycemic index
Mediterranean diet

How to Cite

Rivero-Mendoza, Daniela, and Wendy Dahl. 2020. “Diet and Chronic Inflammation”. EDIS 2020 (5).


Inflammation is your body's response to injury and infection—it's how your immune system helps to protect you from harm. In contrast, chronic inflammation contributes to many diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and kidney and liver disease. This new 4-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department discusses inflammation and the dietary choices that may help to reduce chronic inflammation. Written by Daniela Rivero-Mendoza and Wendy Dahl.
view on EDIS


Craddock, J. C., E. P. Neale, G. E. Peoples, and Y. C. Probst. 2019. "Vegetarian-Based Dietary Patterns and Their Relation with Inflammatory and Immune Biomarkers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis." Advances in Nutrition 10 (3): 433–451.

Eichelmann, F., L. Schwingshackl, V. Fedirko, and K. Aleksandrova. 2016. "Effect of Plant‐Based Diets on Obesity‐Related Inflammatory Profiles: A Systematic Review and Meta‐analysis of Intervention Trials." Obesity Reviews 17 (11): 1067–1079.

Furman, David, Judith Campisi, Eric Verdin, Pedro Carrera-Bastos, Sasha Targ, Claudio Franceschi, Luigi Ferrucci, Derek W. Gilroy, Alessio Fasano, Gary W. Miller, Andrew H. Miller, Alberto Mantovani, Cornelia M. Weyand, Nir Barzilai, Jorg J. Goronzy, Thomas A. Rando, Rita B. Effros, Alejandro Lucia, Nicole Kleinstreuer, and George M. Slavich. 2019. "Chronic Inflammation in the Etiology of Disease across the Life Span." Nature Medicine 25 (12): 1822–1832.

Hosseini, Banafshe, Bronwyn S. Berthon, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Malcolm R. Starkey, Adam Collison, Peter A. B. Wark, and Lisa G. Wood. 2018. "Effects of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption on Inflammatory Biomarkers and Immune Cell Populations: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 108 (1): 136–155.

Jacobs, D. R., Jr., M. D. Gross, and L. C. Tapsell. 2009. "Food Synergy: An Operational Concept for Understanding Nutrition." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 89 (5): 1543s–1548s.

Li, Y., X. Zhong, G. Cheng, C. Zhao, L. Zhang, Y. Hong, Q. Wan, R. He, and Z. Wang. 2017. "Hs-CRP and All-Cause, Cardiovascular, and Cancer Mortality Risk: A Meta-analysis." Atherosclerosis 259:75–82.

Martínez Steele, Eurídice, Larissa Galastri Baraldi, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Dariush Mozaffarian, and Carlos Augusto Monteiro. 2016. "Ultra-processed Foods and Added Sugars in the US Diet: Evidence from a Nationally Representative Cross-Sectional Study." BMJ Open 6 (3): e009892.

Moosavian, Seyedeh Parisa, Mehran Rahimlou, Parvane Saneei, and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh. 2020. "Effects of Dairy Products Consumption on Inflammatory Biomarkers among Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials." Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.

Natto, Zuhair S., Wael Yaghmoor, Heba K. Alshaeri, and Thomas E. Van Dyke. 2019. "Omega-3 Fatty Acids Effects on Inflammatory Biomarkers and Lipid Profiles among Diabetic and Cardiovascular Disease Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Scientific Reports 9 (1): 18867.

Rahmani, Sepideh, Omid Sadeghi, Mehdi Sadeghian, Narges Sadeghi, Bagher Larijani, and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh. 2020. "The Effect of Whole-Grain Intake on Biomarkers of Subclinical Inflammation: A Comprehensive Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials." Advances in Nutrition 11 (1): 52–65.

Schwingshackl, L., and G. Hoffmann. 2013. "Long-Term Effects of Low Glycemic Index/Load vs. High Glycemic Index/Load Diets on Parameters of Obesity and Obesity-Associated Risks: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 23 (8): 699–706.

Schwingshackl, L., and G. Hoffmann. 2014. "Mediterranean Dietary Pattern, Inflammation and Endothelial Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Intervention Trials." Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 24 (9): 929–939.

Schwingshackl, Lukas, Marina Christoph, and Georg Hoffmann. 2015. "Effects of Olive Oil on Markers of Inflammation and Endothelial Function—A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Nutrients 7 (9): 7651–7675.

Siervo, M., J. Lara, S. Chowdhury, A. Ashor, C. Oggioni, and J. C. Mathers. 2015. "Effects of the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Br J Nutr 113 (1): 1–15.

Soltani, Sepideh, Maryam J. Chitsazi, and Amin Salehi-Abargouei. 2018. "The Effect of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (Dash) on Serum Inflammatory Markers: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials." Clinical Nutrition 37 (2): 542–550.

Spyridaki, Eirini C., Pavlina D. Avgoustinaki, and Andrew N. Margioris. 2016. "Obesity, Inflammation and Cognition." Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 9:169–175.

USDHHS and USDA. 2015. "2015 – 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition."

Copyright (c) 2020 UF/IFAS