Fertilization of Strawberries in Florida
Preparing beds with a rototiller and bed shaper.
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Soil fertility


How to Cite

Agehara, Shinsuke, and George Hochmuth. 2023. “Fertilization of Strawberries in Florida”. EDIS 2023 (4). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-CV003-2023.


Strawberry is an important crop in Florida, produced as an annual crop on plastic-mulched beds with drip irrigation. The main production area is in west-central Florida, including Hillsborough, Polk, and Manatee counties. Fertilizer is becoming a more significant portion of strawberry production costs, hence, proper fertilizer management is important for minimizing production costs and maximizing yield and fruit quality, while minimizing potential negative impacts on the environment caused by leaching or runoff of excess fertilizer nutrients. This guide summarizes the recent history of strawberry fertilization research and presents the updated research-based fertilizer management recommendations for strawberry production in Florida.

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Agehara, S., B. Santos, and A. Whidden. 2007 (updated 2017). Nitrogen fertilization of strawberry cultivars: Is preplant starter fertilizer needed? University of Florida Extension report HS1116.

Agehara, S. 2021. Characterizing early-season nitrogen fertilization rate effects on growth, yield, and quality of strawberry. Agronomy 11:905

Agehara, S., and M. Nunes. 2021. Seasonal and nitrogen fertilization effects on yield and physiochemical attributes of strawberry under subtropical climate conditions. Agronomy 11:1391.

Albregts, E. E., G. J. Hochmuth, C. K. Chandler, J. A. Cornell, and J. Harrison. 1996. Potassium fertigation requirements of drip irrigated strawberry. Jour. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121(1): 164-168.

Albregts, E. E., and C. M. Howard. 1982. Effect of fertilizer rate on number of malformed strawberry fruit. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 95:323–324.

Albregts, E. E., C. M. Howard, and C. K. Chandler. 1991. Strawberry responses to K rate on a fine sand soil. HortScience 26:135–138.

Hochmuth, G., and R. Hochmuth. 2022. Plant petiole sap testing for vegetable crops. University of Florida Extension CIR 1144. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/CV004.

Hochmuth, G. J., D. N. Maynard, C. S. Vavrina, E. A. Hanlon, and E. Simonne. 2018. Plant tissue analysis and interpretation for vegetable crops in Florida. University of Florida Extension HS964. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/EP081.

Hochmuth, G. J., E. E. Albregts, C. K. Chandler, J. A. Cornell, and J. Harrison. 1996. Nitrogen fertigation requirements of drip-irrigated strawberries. Jour. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121(4):660-665.

Mylavarapu, R., G. Hochmuth, and G. Liu. 2022. UF/IFAS standardized nutrient recommendations for vegetable crop production in Florida. University of Florida Extension CIR 1152. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/CV002

Locascio, S. J., and J. M. Myers. 1975. Trickle irrigation and fertilization method for strawberries. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 88:185–189.

Locascio, S. J., and F. G. Martin. 1985. Nitrogen source and application timing for trickle-irrigated strawberries. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110:820–823.

Myers, J. M., and S. J. Locascio. 1972. Efficiency of irrigation methods for strawberries. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 85:114–117.

Santos, B., and C. Chandler. 2009. Influence of N rates on the performance of strawberry cultivars. Int’l. Jour. Fruit Sci. 9:2, 126-135.

Santos, B., 2010. Effects of preplant nitrogen and sulfur fertilizer sources on strawberry. HortTechnology 20(1): 193-196.

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