4-H Afterschool Resource Guide: Starting 4-H Clubs in After-School Programs
Four 4-H members on cover page for Starting 4-H Clubs in After-School Programs
View on EDIS
PDF 2024


4-H clubs
4-H Afterschool
4-H after-school clubs


How to Cite

Junge, Sharon K., Vanessa Spero, Niki Crawson, J. R. Davis, Tara Dorn, Beth Rasa Edwards, Stacy Hall, Karen Henry, Heather Janney, Beth Kerr, Andrea Lazzari, Abby Morgan, Kristie Popa, Cindy Smalley, Melinda Souers, Katelin Stenroos, Laura Valencia, Travis West, Tracy Winters, and Mary-Louise Wood. 2024. “4-H Afterschool Resource Guide: Starting 4-H Clubs in After-School Programs: 4H439, 3/2024”. EDIS 2024 (2). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-4h439-2024.


This resource guide is designed to be used by Extension/4-H professionals and after-school providers to deliver well-formed, positive youth development programs in after-school sites. It includes information on initiating the development of 4-H clubs at after-school sites, volunteer training resources and exercises, how to sustain the clubs, and connections to the community and beyond. The original educational material was edited and revised for this edition by the National Association of 4-H Youth Development Professionals Afterschool Working Group, led by Vanessa Spero. Published by the 4-H Youth Development Department, UF/IFAS Extension, March 2024.

View on EDIS
PDF 2024


Anderson-Butcher, D. S., & Fink, J. (2005). The importance of a sense of belonging to youth service agencies: A risk and protective factor analysis. Journal of Child and Youth Care Work, 20, 11–21. Retrieved January 11, 2023, from https://acycpjournal.pitt.edu/ojs/jcycw/article/view/400

Arnold, M. E., & Lingard, J. (2022, January). Measuring the impact of 4-H - Extension. Extension Foundation. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from https://pyd-academy.extension.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/02_4-H-Thriving-Model-and-Common-Measures-2.0.pdf

Benefits for youth, families, and communities. Benefits for Youth, Families, and Communities | Youth.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2022, from https://youth.gov/youth-topics/afterschool-programs/benefits-youth-families-and-communities

Capizzano, J., Tout, K., and Adams, G. (2000). Child care patterns of school- age children with employed mothers. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute. Retrieved from https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/62441/310283-Child-Care-Patterns-of-School-Age-Children-with-Employed-Mothers.PDF

Durlak, J. A., Weissberg, R. P., & Pachan, M. (2010). A meta-analysis of after-school programs that seek to promote personal and social skills in children and adolescents. American Journal of Community Psychology, 45(3-4), 294–309. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1007/s10464-010-9300-6

Eccles, J. S., and Gootman, J. A. (Eds.) (2002). Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Available at https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED465844

Ferrari, T. M., & Tuner, C. L. (2006). An exploratory study of adolescents’ motivations for joining and continued participation in a 4-H Afterschool program. Journal of Extension, 44(4). Retrieved January 6, 2023, from https://archives.joe.org/joe/2006august/rb3.php

Gootman, J. A. (Ed.). (2000). After-school programs to promote child and adolescent development: Summary of a workshop. National Academy Press. Retrieved August 11, 2022, from https://nap.nationalacademies.org/read/9944/chapter/1

Gottfredson, D. C., Gerstenblith, S. A., Soule, D. A., Womer, S. C., & Lu, S. (2004). Do after school programs reduce delinquency?. Prevention Science, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PREV.0000045359.41696.02

Halpern, R. (1999). Afterschool programs for low-income children: Promise and challenges. The Future of Children, 9(2), 81-95. https://doi.org/10.2307/1602708

Judd, B. (2019, February). Shared risk and protective factors impacting adolescent behavior and positive development. Strength-Based Strategies. Retrieved January 11, 2023, from https://web.archive.org/web/20221031173348/http://www.strengthbasedstrategies.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Shared-Factors-for-Adolescents-Feb-2019.pdf

Kent, H. C. (2015, March 20). Meaningful recognition in Florida 4-H clubs. UF/IFAS Extension. Retrieved December 30, 2022, from https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/extension/2015/03/20/meaningful-recognition-in-florida-4-h-clubs/

Lee, W. K. (2012). Viewing after-school programs through the family impact lens. Dept. of Human Development & Family Studies University of Wisconsin, Madison. Retrieved January 10, 2023, from https://www.purdue.edu/hhs/hdfs/fii/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/fia_analyses_vasptfil.pdf

Nolen, S. (2022). Partnering with Afterschool providers. 4-H Science in Urban Communities. Retrieved December 29, 2022, from https://urban4hscience.rutgers.edu/practices/partnerships/afterschool.html#casestudies

Riggs, N. R., Bohnert, A. M., Guzman, M. D., & Davidson, D. (2010). Examining the potential of community-based after-school programs for Latino youth. American Journal of Community Psychology, 45(3-4), 417–429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9313-1

Roth, J., Brooks-Gunn, J., Murray, L., and Foster, W. (1998). Promoting healthy adolescents: Synthesis of youth development program evaluations. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8(4), 423-459. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327795jra0804_2

Sparr, M., Morrison, C., Miller, K., Bartko, W. T., & Frazier, S. (2021). Afterschool programs to improve social-emotional, behavioral, and physical health in middle childhood – A targeted review of the literature. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE). Available at https://aspe.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/private/pdf/265236/4_MCASP_LiteratureReview.pdf

University of Wisconsin, Madison. (2020, April). Ages & stages of 4-H youth development - Wisconsin 4-H. 4-H Extension. Retrieved December 29, 2022, from https://4h.extension.wisc.edu/files/2020/04/Ages_and_Stages-FINAL.pdf

Wingenbach, G. J, Nestor, C., Lawrence, L. D., Gartin, S.A., Woloshuk, J., and Mulkeen, P. (2000). Marketing strategies for recruiting 4-H members in West Virginia. Journal of Agricultural Education, 41(1). https://doi.org/10.5032/jae.2000.01088

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 UF/IFAS