Florida's Nonnative Herpetofauna: Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus), Oustalet’s Chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti), and Panther Chameleon (Furcifer pardalis)
view on EDIS


panther chameleon
Outstalet's chameleon
veiled chameleon


How to Cite

Maddox, Max, Karissa Beloyan, Natalie M. Claunch, and Steve A. Johnson. 2022. “Florida’s Nonnative Herpetofauna: Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus), Oustalet’s Chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti), and Panther Chameleon (Furcifer pardalis): WEC456/UW501, 12/2022”. EDIS 2022 (6). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-uw501-2022.


This publication is one in a series of UF/IFAS numbered publications summarizing general knowledge about Florida's introduced reptiles.

view on EDIS


Andreone, F., F. M. Guarino, and J. E. Randrianirina. 2005. “Life History Traits, Age Profile, and Conservation of the Panther Chameleon, Furcifer pardalis (Cuvier 1829), at Nosy Be, NW Madagascar.” Tropical Zoology 18:209–225. https://doi.org/10.1080/03946975.2005.10531221

Barnett, K. E., R. B. Cocroft, and L. J. Fleishman. 1999. “Possible Communication by Substrate Vibration in a Chameleon.” Copeia 1999:225–228. https://doi.org/10.2307/1447408

Carpenter, A. I., J. M. Rowcliffe, and A. R. Watkinson. 2004. “The Dynamics of the Global Trade in Chameleons.” Biological Conservation 120:291–301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.03.002

Chiaverano, L. M., and B. S. Holland. 2014. “Impact of an Invasive Predatory Lizard on the Endangered Hawaiian Tree Snail Achatinella mustelina: A Threat Assessment.” Endangered Species Research 24:115–123. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00589

Dorcas, M. E., J. D. Willson, R. N. Reed, R. W. Snow, M. R. Rochford, M. A. Miller, W. E. Meshaka, Jr., et al. 2012. “Severe Mammal Declines Coincide with Proliferation of Invasive Burmese Pythons in Everglades National Park.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 197:2418–2422. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1115226109

Edwards J. R., M. R. Rochford, F. J. Mazzotti, and K. L. Krysko. 2014. “New County Record for the Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus Duméril and Bibron 1851), in Broward County, Florida, with Notes on Intentional Introductions of Chameleons in Southern Florida.” Reptiles & Amphibians 21:83–85. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v21i2.13997

Enge, K. M. 2008. “Geographic Distribution: Chamaeleo calyptratus (Veiled Chameleon).” Herpetological Review 39:367.

Farrell T. M., J. Agugliaro, H. D. S. Walden, J. F. X. Wellehan, A. L. Childress and C. M. Lind. 2019. “Spillover of Pentastome Parasites from Invasive Burmese Pythons (Python bivittatus) to Pygmy Rattlesnakes (Sistrurus miliarius), Extending Parasite Range in Florida, USA.” Herpetological Review 50:73–76.

Fieldsend, T. W., N. M. Claunch, B. T. Fridie, C. M. Goodman, M. E. A. Harman, K. L. Krysko, C. J. Raxworthy, C. M. Romagosa, and T. M. Collins. 2021. “Extreme Male Color Polymorphism Supports the Introduction of Multiple Native-Range Panther Chameleon (Furcifer pardalis) Lineages to Florida, USA.” Reptiles and Amphibians 28:257–261. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v28i2.15599

Garcia, G., and M. Vences. 2002. “Furcifer oustaleti (Oustalet’s Chameleon): Diet.” Herpetological Review 33:134–135.

Garman, S. 1887. “On West Indian Reptiles: Iguanidae.” Bulletin of the Essex Institute 19:25–50.

Gillette, C. R., and K. L. Krysko. 2012. “New County Record for the Veiled Chameleon, Chamaeleo calyptratus Duméril and Bibron 1851 (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), in Florida.” Reptiles & Amphibians 19:130–131. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v19i2.13893

Gillette, C. R., K. L. Krysko, J. A. Wasilewski, G. N. Kieckhefer III, E. F. Metzger III, M. R. Rochford, D. Cueva, and C. Smith. 2010. “Oustalet’s Chameleon, Furcifer oustaleti (Mocquard 1894) (Chamaeleonidae), a Non-Indigenous Species Newly Established in Florida.” Reptiles & Amphibians 17:248–249.

Iannone, B. V, III, S. Carnevale, M. B. Main, J. E. Hill, J. B. McConnell, S. A. Johnson, S. F. Enloe, et al. 2020. “Invasive Species Terminology: Standardizing for Stakeholder Education.” Journal of Extension 58: Published digitally (https://joe.org/joe/2020june/a3.php)

Krysko, K. L., K. M. Enge, and F. W. King. 2004. “The Veiled Chameleon, Chamaeleo calyptratus: A New Exotic Lizard Species in Florida.” Florida Scientist 67:249–253. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24321170?seq=1

Krysko, K. L., K. M. Enge, and P. E. Moler. 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Florida. University of Florida Press, Gainesville. 706 pp.

Krysko, K. L., C. R. Gillette, R. M. Reichart, L. P. Nuñez, N. T. Coutu, J. A. Wasilewski, K. M. Enge, and A. P. Borgia. 2012. “Preliminary Diet Analysis for the Non-Indigenous Oustalet’s Chameleon, Furcifer oustaleti (Mocquard 1894) (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae), in Southern Florida.” Reptiles & Amphibians 19:280–287. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v19i4.13926

Krysko, K. L., J. C. Seitzl, J. H. Townsend, and K. M. Enge. 2006. “The Introduced Brown Basilisk (Basiliscus vittatus) in Florida.” Iguana 13:25–30.

Krysko, K. L., L. A. Somma, D. C. Smith, C. R. Gillette, D. Cueva, J. A. Wasilewski, K. M. Enge, et al. 2016. New Verified Nonindigenous Amphibians and Reptiles in Florida through 2015, with Summary of over 152 Years of Introductions. Reptiles & Amphibians 23:110–143. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v23i2.14119

McCleery, R. A., A. Sovie, R. N. Reed, M. W. Cunningham, M. E. Hunter, and K. M. Hart. 2015. “Marsh Rabbit Mortalities Tie Pythons to the Precipitous Decline of Mammals in the Everglades.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282:1805 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.0120

McGeogh, R. 2016. “Furcifer pardalis (Panther Chameleon) – A Brief Description and Details on Captive Husbandry. BEMS Reports 2:27–38. https://doi.org/10.5530/BEMS.2016.2.6

Metzger, E. F., and M. E. C. Ginoza. 2021. “New Distributional Records of Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus Dumeril and Bibron 1951) in Palm Beach County, Florida.” Reptiles and Amphibians 28:558–559. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v28i3.15883

Miller, M. A., J. M. Kinsella, R. W. Snow, M. M. Hayes, B .G. Falk, R. N. Reed, F. J. Mazzotti, C. Guyer, and C. M. Romagosa. 2017. “Parasite Spillover: Indirect Effects of Invasive Burmese Pythons.” Ecology and Evolution 8:830–840. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3557

Rochford, M. R., J. R. Edwards, P. L. Howell, J. K. Eckles, L. A. Barraco, L. L. Connor, M. J. Curtis, K. L. Krysko, and F. J. Mazzotti. 2013. “The Panther Chameleon, Furcifer pardalis (Cuvier 1929) (Chamaeleonidae), Another Introduced Chameleon Species in Florida.” Reptiles & Amphibians 20:205–207. https://doi.org/10.17161/randa.v20i4.13974

Rodgers, L., C. Mason, R. Brown, M. Kirkland, D. Bagiotti, P. Tipping, J. Nestler, et al. 2020. “Chapter 7: Status of Nonindigenous Species.” South Florida Environmental Report. South Florida Water Management District 1:1–72. https://apps.sfwmd.gov/sfwmd/SFER/2020_sfer_final/v1/chapters/v1_ch7.pdf

Smith, D., J. Vinci, C. V. Anderson, J. K. Eckles, F. Ridgley, and F. J. Mazzotti. 2016. “Observations on Nesting and Clutch Size in Furcifer oustaleti (Oustalet’s chameleon) in South Florida.” Southeastern Naturalist 15:75–88. https://doi.org/10.1656/058.015.sp808

Takahashi, H. 2008. “Fruit Feeding Behavior of a Chameleon Furcifer oustaleti: Comparison with Insect Foraging Tactics.” Journal of Herpetology 42:760–763. https://doi.org/10.1670/07-102R2.1

Copyright (c) 2022 UF/IFAS