Preventing Foodborne Illness: Bacillus cereus and Bacillus anthracis
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How to Cite

Schneider, Keith R., Mickey E. Parish, Renée M. Goodrich, and Taylor Cookingham. 2005. “Preventing Foodborne Illness: Bacillus Cereus and Bacillus Anthracis: FSHN04-05/FS103, 11/2004”. EDIS 2005 (1). Gainesville, FL.


Bacillus species are Gram positive, aerobic heterotrophs, ubiquitous bacteria, characterized by their ability to form resistant spore coats. There are about 48 known species in the genus Bacillus but only B. anthracis and B. cereus are associated with human disease. Bacillus species are mesophilic bacteria that produce heat-resistant endosopores with a growth range of 10°C to 48°C, with optimal growth at 28°C to 35°C. In addition, they can grow in a broad pH range of 4.9 to 9.3. This document is FSHN04-05, one of a series of the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department discussing common foodborne pathogens of interest to food handlers, processors and retailers; Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Date published: November 2004.


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