Lumnitzera racemosa, White Flowered Black Mangrove
Pollinating bee
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coastal ecosystem


How to Cite

Medina-Irizarry, Natalia, Michael G. Andreu, and Stephen Enloe. 2023. “Lumnitzera Racemosa, White Flowered Black Mangrove: FOR396/FR467, 6/2023”. EDIS 2023 (3). Gainesville, FL.


This publication provides an in-depth profile of Lumnitzera racemosa for the use of interested laypersons with some knowledge of biology as well as academic audiences.
view on EDIS
PDF 2023


EDDMapS. 2022. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Available online at Last accessed May 13, 2022.

Fourqurean, J. W., T. J. Smith, J. Possley, T. M. Collins, D. Lee, and S. Namoff. 2010. “Are mangroves in the tropical Atlantic ripe for invasion? Exotic mangrove trees in the forests of South Florida.” Biological Invasions 12 (8): 2509–2522.

Godfrey, R. K., and J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of Southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. University of Georgia Press.

Loudon, J. C. 1839. Loudon's Hortus Britannicus: A Catalogue of All Plants, Indigenous, Cultivated In, Or Introduced to Britain. London: Printed for Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman.

USDA. (n.d.). Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. white-flowered black mangrove. USDA plants database. Retrieved May 27, 2022, from

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