Floatinghearts: Nymphoides spp.
Humboldt’s floatingheart mother plants and seedlings in a dry canal in Puerto Rico.
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Snowflake lily
Crested floatingheart
Yellow floatingheart
Little floatingheart
Gray's floatingheart
Humboldt's floatingheart
Invasive species
Aquatic plant
Native plant


How to Cite

Markovich, Ian J., Joseph W. Sigmon, and Lyn A. Gettys. 2022. “Floatinghearts: Nymphoides spp.: SS-AGR-469/AG465, 10/2022”. EDIS 2022 (5). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-ag465-2022.


The purpose of this publication is to teach interested readers how to identify and distinguish among species of floatinghearts in Florida. Written by Ian J. Markovich, Joseph W. Sigmon, and Lyn A. Gettys, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, October 2022.

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Gettys, L. A., C. J. Della Torre III, K. M. Thayer, and I. J. Markovich. 2017. “Asexual Reproduction and Ramet Sprouting of Crested Floatingheart (Nymphoides cristata).” Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 55:83–88.

Harms, N. E., R. A. Thum, L. A. Gettys, I. J. Markovich, A. French, L. Simantel, and R. Richardson. 2021. “Hybridization between Native and Invasive Nymphoides Species in the United States.” Biological Invasions 23:3003–3011. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02558-9

Markovich, I. J., J. W. Sigmon, and L. A. Gettys. 2020. “2.9: Floatinghearts.” In Biology and Control of Aquatic Plants: A Best Management Practices Handbook, 4th Edition, edited by L. A. Gettys, W. T. Haller, and D. G. Petty. 59–64. Marietta, GA: Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation.

Middleton, B. A., E. Anemaet, T. E. Quirk, and N. P. Tippery. 2018. “Nymphoides humboldtiana (Menyanthaceae) in Florida (USA) Verified by DNA Data.” Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 12(1): 257–263. https://doi.org/10.17348/jbrit.v12.i1.934

Tippery, N. P., and D. H. Les. 2013. “Hybridization and Systematics of Dioecious North American Nymphoides (N. aquatica and N. cordata; Menyanthaceae).” Aquatic Botany 104:127–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2012.08.003

Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. 2022. “Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/).” [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Copyright (c) 2022 UF/IFAS