Implementing the Five Rs of Nutrient Stewardship for Fertigation in Florida’s Vegetable Production
Diagram of root zone fertilized with drip fertigation (left) and dry granular fertilization with drip irrigation (right). This diagram illustrates how a fertigation system is able to confine nutrients to the root zone. Because the nutrients are supplied with irrigation and in small quantities, they are less likely to leach and more likely to be taken up by the crop. Conversely, granular fertilization supplies the soil with a larger quantity of nutrients at one time, thereby enhancing the likelihood of leaching. Credits: Mary Dixon, UF/IFAS
view on EDIS
PDF-2020

How to Cite

Dixon, Mary, and Guodong Liu. 2020. “Implementing the Five Rs of Nutrient Stewardship for Fertigation in Florida’s Vegetable Production”. EDIS 2020 (5). https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-hs1386-2020.

Abstract

The five Rs of nutrient stewardship is a mnemonic device used to emphasize accuracy and precision for nutrient management so as to apply the (1) right source of fertilizer at the (2) right rate at the (3) right time in the (4) right place with the (5) right irrigation. Because the majority of Florida's soils are sandy, this fifth R is imperative for sustainable nutrient management for commercial crop production. These main points of nutrient management (source, rate, time, place, irrigation) may help enhance sustainability by reducing pollution by eutrophication, nitrogen loss through ammonia volatilization, and climate change from soil greenhouse gas emission. This new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department was written by Mary Dixon and Guodong Liu.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1386

https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-hs1386-2020
view on EDIS
PDF-2020

References

Alva, A.K., D. Mattos Jr., and J.A. Quaggio. "Advances in nitrogen fertigation of Citrus." Journal of Crop Improvement 22(1), 2008 121-146. https://doi.org/10.1080/15427520802072967

Ankush, A., V. Singh, V. Kumar, and D.P. Singh. "Impact of drip irrigaiton and fertigaiton scheduling on tomato crop - An overview." Journal of Applied and Natural Science 10(1), 2018: 165-170. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i1.1597

Beck, H., B. Boman, S. Hall, D. Haman, J. Hebb, N. Morris, T. Obreza, M. Olexa, E. Ontermaa, L. Parsons, M. Ritenour, S. Smith, E. Stover, D. Tucker, W. Tullos, V. Vandiver Jr., M. Wade, C. Wilson, and W. Wardowski. Water and Florida citrus: Use, regulation, irrigation, systems, and management, Bowman, B. Eds.UF IFAS: Gainesville, FL, United States, 2002; pp. 414-427, ISBN0-916287-38-6.

Boman, B. and T. Obreza. "Fertigation nutrient sources and application considerations for citrus." CIR1410. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2002. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/CH/CH18500.pdf

Boman, B.J., C. Wilson, and E.A. Ontermaa. "Understanding water quality parameters for citrus irrigation and drainage systems." CIR1406. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2002. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ch176

Burt, C.M. "Fertigation - The next frontier." Irrigation Business and Technology 3(4), (1995).

Dukes, M.D., L. Zotarelli, and K.T. Morgan. "Use of irrigation technologies for vegetable crops in Florida." HortTechnology 20(1), 2010: 133-142.

https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH.20.1.133

Fanish, S.A. and P. Muthukrishnan. "Effect of drip fertigation and intercropping on growth, yield and water use efficiency of maize (Zea mays L.)." Madras Agricultural Journal 98(7-9), 2011: 238-242.

Fernandez-Salvador, J., B.C. Strik, and D.R. Bryla. "Liquid corn and fish fertilizers are good options for fertigation in blackberry cultivars grown in an organic production system." HortScience 50(2), 2015: 225-233. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.50.2.225

Hadas, A., and R. Rosenberg. "Guano as a nitrogen source for fertigation in organic farming." Fertilizer Research 31(2), 1992: 209-214. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01063294

Havlin, J.L.; Tisdale, S.L.; Nelson, W.L.; Beaton, J.D. Nutrient Management. In Soil fertility and fertilizers, Edition 8; Lawrensen, W., Gohn, J. Eds.; Pearson Inc.: Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States, 2014; pp. 365-426, ISBN 978-0-13-503373-9.

Hochmuth, G. "Plant petiole sap-testing for vegetable crops." CIR 1144. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 1994. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/cv004.

Hochmuth, G., R. Mylavarapu, and E. Hanlon. "Soil testing for plant-available nutrients - What is it and why do we use it?" SL408. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2014. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss621

Hochmuth, G., R. Mylavarapu, and E. Hanlon. "The four Rs of fertilizer management." SL411. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2014. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss624

Imas, P. and A. Cohen. "Improving the pH of irrigation waters with acidic fertilizers." Proceedings of the International Plant Nutrition Colloquium XVI. 2009.

Jayakumar, M., S. Janapriya, and U. Surendran. "Effect of drip fertigation and polythene mulching on growth and productivity of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.), water, nutrient use efficiency and economic benefits." Agricultural Water Management 182, 2017: 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.12.012

Jia, L., Y. Qin, Y. Chen, and M. Fan. "Fertigation improves potato production in Inner Mongolia (China)." Journal of Crop Improvement 32(5), 2018: 648-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/15427528.2018.1486932

Kafkafi, U. "September. Global aspects of fertigation usage." In Fertigation Proceedings, International Symposium on Fertigation Beijing, China, 2005: 8-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-348530-4/00227-7

Li, Q., C. Xu, C. Yin, L. Kong, Y. Qin, Y. Hou, H. Wang, L. Zhao. "Evaluation of fertigation technique for phosphorus application of maize in the semi-arid region of Northeast China." Plant, Soil and Environment 65(8), 2019: 401-407. https://doi.org/10.17221/287/2019-PSE

Liu, G., E.H. Simonne, K.T. Morgan, G.J. Hochmuth, S. Agehara, and R. Mylavarapu. "Chapter 2. Fertilizer management for vegetable production in Florida." CV296. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2019. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/cv296

Liu, G., J. Williamson, G. England, and A. Whidden. "How to calculate fertigation injection rates for commercial blueberry production." HS1197. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2012. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1197

Liu, G., K. Morgan, Y. Li, L. Zotarelli, Q. Wang, and J. DeValerio. "What is 4R nutrient stewardship?" HS1264. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2015. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1264

Liu, G., Y. Li, and A. Gazula. "Conversions of parts per million on soil test reports to pounds per acre." HS1229. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2013. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1229

Liu, G. and E. McAvoy. How to Reduce Clogging Problems in Fertigation. HS1202. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2018. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/HS/HS120200.pdf.

Morgan, K.T. and K. Mahmoud. "Comparison of soil test extracts for available soil phosphorus in high pH sandy soils of South Florida." SL400. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2013. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss613

Obreza, T.A., M. Zekri, and D.V. Calvert. "Citrus fertilizer management on calcareous soils." CIR1127. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 1993. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ch086.

Priya, R.S., C. Chinnusamy, R. Karthikeyan, and R. Kuttimani. "Drip fertigation in vegetable crops for enhancing productivity and resource use efficiency: An overview." International Journal of Current Microbiological Applied Sciences 6(11), 2017: 3215-3230. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.377

Rodrigues, K.V., L.A. Lima, and M.S. Thebaldi. "Effects of fertigation on corrosion in galvanized steel used in center pivot systems." Water Supply 20(4), 2020: 1189-1194. https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2020.029

Scaife, A. and B. Bar-Yosef. Nutrient and fertilizer management in field grown vegetables. IPI Bulletin No. 13. International Potash Institute, Basel, Switzerland.Singh, M.C.; D.S. 1995.

Kachwaya, and K. Kalsi. "Soilless cucumber cultivation under protective structures in relation to irrigation coupled fertigation management, economic viability and potential benefits - A review." International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7(3), 2018: 2451-2468. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.286

Waddell, J.T., S.C. Gupta, J. F. Moncrief, C.J. Rosen, and D.D. Steele. "Irrigation‐and nitrogen‐management impacts on nitrate leaching under potato." Journal of Environmental Quality 29(1), 2000: 251-261. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2000.00472425002900010032x

Zhang, M.K., Z.L. He, D.V. Calvert, P.J. Stoffella, Y.C. Li, and E.M. Lamb. "Release potential of phosphorus in Florida sandy soils in relation to phosphorus fractions and adsorption capacity." Journal of Environmental Science and Health 37(5), 2002:793-809. https://doi.org/10.1081/ESE-120003589

Copyright (c) 2020 UF/IFAS