Deep Problems in Shallow Lakes: Why Controlling Phosphorus Inputs May Not Restore Water Quality
Diagram showing the processes that affect phosphorus levels in a shallow lake.
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How to Cite

Havens, Karl. 2013. “Deep Problems in Shallow Lakes: Why Controlling Phosphorus Inputs May Not Restore Water Quality: SGEF198/SG128, 1/2013”. EDIS 2013 (1).


Florida’s thousands of lakes are shallower than most people realize, and some unique properties of shallow lakes make them challenging to restore if they have been degraded by nutrients or other pollutants. This 4-page fact sheet examines how water managers track nutrients as they cycle through Florida’s lakes. Written by Karl Havens, and published by the UF Department of Sea Grant, January 2013.
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Havens, K.E. and C.L. Schelske. 2001. The importance of considering biological processes when setting total maximum daily loads (TMDL) for phosphorus in shallow lakes and reservoirs. Environmental Pollution 113: 1-9.

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Scheffer M., S.H. Hosper, M.L. Meijer, B. Moss and E. Jeppesen. 1993. Alternative equilibria in shallow lakes. Trends in Evolution and Ecology 8: 275-279.

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