Northern Fowl Mite
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How to Cite

Kaufman, Phillip E., Philip G. Koehler, Jerry F. Butler, and Harvey L. Cromroy. 2006. “Northern Fowl Mite: ENY-286/IG141, Rev. 3/2006”. EDIS 2006 (6). Gainesville, FL.


The northern fowl mite (Figure 1) is the most important external parasite of poultry in Florida and is widely distributed throughout the state. This mite is found throughout many of the temperate regions of the world parasitizing domestic fowl and wild birds. It has been shown to cause economic damage on poultry farms by causing anemia, lower egg production and even death to birds. Also of considerable importance, the mites will bite man (egg handlers) causing itching and irritation to the skin. This document is ENY-286 (IG141), one of a series of the Department of Entomology and Nematology, UF/IFAS Extension. Originally published as Livestock Protection Pointer Number 3, August 1978. Revised March 2006. 

ENY-286/IG141: Northern Fowl Mite (
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Combs, R. L., Jr. and J. L. Lancaster, Jr. 1965. The biology of the northern fowl mite. Fayetteville, AR: Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Arkansas; May, Report nr 138. 1-10 p.

DeVaney, J. A., B. W. Martin and R. B Harvey. 1984. Factors affecting northern fowl mite populations on chickens: Effect of age of pullet at time of infestation and effect of caponizing roosters. Poult. Sci. 63:1327-1332.

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Owens, J. P. and B. A. Mullens. 2004. Influence of heat and vibration on the movement of the northern fowl mite (Acari: Macronyssidae). J. Med. Entomol. 41: 865-872.