Salt: Should I Cut Back?
Sea lavender in bloom. Figure 7 from Sea Lavender (Heliotropium gnaphalodes L.): Identification and Uses: ENH1299/EP563
view on edis


processed foods

How to Cite

Fatani, Asmaa, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy Dahl. 2018. “Salt: Should I Cut Back? FSHN17-17/FS312, 8/2018”. EDIS 2018 (4). Gainesville, FL.


Dietary salt is made up of sodium and chloride, two essential minerals necessary for good health. Sodium is very important for our body to maintain fluid balance, blood volume, and blood pressure. However, many people consume more dietary sodium (from salt) than needed. Decreasing dietary sodium has received a lot of attention in recent years due to its association with high blood pressure (hypertension) and cardiovascular disease (Kloss, Meyer, Graeve, & Vetter, 2015). This publication explore ways to decrease sodium intake and the health effects of inadequate and excessive sodium intakes.
view on edis


Girgis, S., B. Neal, J. Prescott, J. Prendergast, S. Dumbrell, C. Turner, and M. Woodward. 2003. "A one-quarter reduction in the salt content of bread can be made without detection." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 57(4): 616-620.

He, F. J., and G. A. MacGregor. 2004. "Effect of longer-term modest salt reduction on blood pressure." The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (3): CD004937.

Kloss, L., J. D. Meyer, L. Graeve, and W. Vetter. 2015. "Sodium intake and its reduction by food reformulation in the European Union - A review." NFS Journal. 1(Supplement C): 9-19.

Mitchell, M., N. P. Brunton, and M. G. Wilkinson. 2013. "The influence of salt taste threshold on acceptability and purchase intent of reformulated reduced sodium vegetable soups." Food Quality and Preference. 28(1): 356-360.

Stevens, J. C., W. S. Cain, A. Demarque, and A. M. Ruthruff. 1991. "On the discrimination of missing ingredients: Aging and salt flavor." Appetite. 16(2): 129-140.

Suckling, R. J., F. J. He, N. D. Markandu, and G. A. MacGregor. 2016. "Modest Salt Reduction Lowers Blood Pressure and Albumin Excretion in Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Novelty and Significance: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial." Hypertension. 67(6): 1189-1195.

Whelton, P. K., R. M. Carey, W. S. Aronow et al. 2018. "ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults." A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. 71(19): e127-e248.

Zandstra, E. H., R. Lion, and R. S. Newson. 2016. "Salt reduction: Moving from consumer awareness to action." Food Quality and Preference. 48(Part B): 376-381.

USDHHS and USDA. 2015. "2015 - 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition."

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.