Sophia or Transvena Parasitic Wasp (suggested common name) Encarsia sophia Girault and Dodd (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae)


How to Cite

Schoeller, Erich N., Vivek Kumar, Cindy L. McKenzie, and Lance S. Osborne. 2021. “Sophia or Transvena Parasitic Wasp (suggested Common Name) Encarsia Sophia Girault and Dodd (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): EENY-768/IN1333”. EDIS 2021 (5).


Chen TH, Li M, Wang JH, Zhang F, Li YX. 2013. Vulnerability window for laying male eggs and superparasitism in producing female offspring of Encarsia sophia on Bemisia tabaci B biotype. BioControl 58:27-36.

Fauna Europaea (FE). 2017. 10 July 2017.

Gerling D. 1983. Observations of the biologies and interrelationships of parasites attacking the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (West.), in Hawaii. Proceedings of Hawaiian Entomological Society 24: 217-225.

Giorgini M, Baldanza F. 2004. Species status of two populations of Encarsia sophia (Girault and Dodd) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) native to different geographic areas. Biological Control 30: 25-35.

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). 2017. 10 July 2017.

Hayat M. 1989. A revision of the species of Encarsia foerster (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) from India and the adjacent countries. Oriental Insects 23: 1-131.

Heraty JM, Polaszek A. 2000. Morphometric analysis and descriptions of selected species in the Encarsia strenua group (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 9: 142-169.

Hoelmer K, Goolsby J. 2002. Release, establishment and monitoring of Bemisia tabaci natural enemies in the United States. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, 14-18 January 2002. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, USA, 2002. 58-65.

Hunter MS, Kelly SE. 1998. Hyperparasitism by an exotic autoparasitoid: secondary host selection and the window of vulnerability of conspecific and native heterospecific hosts. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 89:249-259.

Luo C, Liu TX. 2011. Fitness of Encarsia sophia (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) parasitizing Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Insect Science 18:84-91.

Polaszek A, Evans GA, Bennet FD. 1992. Encarsia parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae, Homoptera: Aleyrodidae): a preliminary guide to identification. Bulletin of Entomological Research 82: 375-392.

Timberlake PH. 1926. New species of Hawaiian chalcid flies (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 2: 305-321.

Universal Chalcidoidea Database (UCD). 2017. Natural History Mueseum, United Kingdom. 7 July 2017.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2012. Banking on plants as storehouses. AgResearch Magazine 60:20-21. July 12 2017.

Xiao Y, Chen J, Cantliffe D, Mckenzie C, Houben K, Osborne LS. 2011. Establishment of papaya banker plant system for parasitoid, Encarsia sophia (Hymenoptera: Aphilidae) against Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in greenhouse tomato production. Biological Control 58: 239-247.

Zang LS, Liu TX. 2008. Host feeding of three whitefly parasitoid species on Bemisia tabaci Biotype B, with implications for whitefly biological control. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 127: 55-63.

Zhou CQ, Li YX, Liu TX, Zhang F, Luo C. 2010. Development and morphology of female immature of Encarsia sophia and their longevity and fecundity. Chinese Journal of Biological Control 26:113-118.

Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS