Minimizing Honey Bee Exposure to Pesticides
The western honey bee, Apis mellifera, collecting nectar from a flower.
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How to Cite

Ellis, James D., Jeanette Klopchin, Eileen Buss, Frederick M. Fishel, William H. Kern, Catharine Mannion, Eugene McAvoy, Lance S. Osborne, Michael Rogers, Malcolm Sanford, Hugh Smith, Phillip Stansly, Lukasz Stelinski, and Susan Webb. 2014. “Minimizing Honey Bee Exposure to Pesticides: ENY-162/IN1027, 3/2014”. EDIS 2014 (3).


Protecting honey bees and other pollinators from pesticide impacts is important to the sustainability of agriculture. Consequently, pesticide applicators must determine if there is a clear hazard to managed or wild populations of bees. Potential exposure of bees to pesticides can vary greatly depending on the type of pesticide, formulation, application method, label restrictions, and other factors. The goal in using a pesticide is to achieve maximum benefit (success) with minimum negative impact, and these factors should always be considered in pesticide selection. This publication is written (1) to help assure the sustainability of both bees and agriculture by informing beekeepers, pesticide users, and the general public about the often complex relationship between pollinators (specifically bees) and pesticides, (2) to offer guidance for improved communication between beekeepers and pesticide users, (3) to offer pollinator risk-reducing strategies for growers and other applicators when using pesticides, and (4) to provide clarity in laws, labeling, and associated definitions. This 14-page fact sheet was written by J. D. Ellis, J. Klopchin, E. Buss, F. M. Fishel, W. H. Kern, C. Mannion, E. McAvoy, L. S. Osborne, M. Rogers, M. Sanford, H. Smith, P. Stansly, L. Stelinski, and S. Webb, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, March 2014.

ENY-162/IN1027: Minimizing Honey Bee Exposure to Pesticides (
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