When utilizing cover crops for weed suppression, one important consideration is effective termination before planting the main crop. A major issue with improper termination is that the cover crop can become problematic and compete with the main crop, like other weeds. However, proper planning of the termination timing and method can minimize these issues and maximize the benefits of cover crop use. This 5-page publication discusses herbicide application, roller-crimper termination, tillage, and appropriate growth stages for termination. Written by Pratap Devkota, Michael J. Mulvaney, and David Wright, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, February 2021.
Bosak, E., and V. Davis. 2014. “Cover Crop Termination.” University of Wisconsin Extension. Wisconsin Weed Crop Science 204. Accessed on September 15, 2020. https://fyi.extension.wisc.edu/covercrop/terminating-cover-crops/
Little, R. 2019. “A Roller-Crimper for Cover Crop Termination and Weed Suppression.” Accessed on September 20, 2020. https://cropwatch.unl.edu/2019/roller-crimper-cover-crop-termination-and-weed-suppression
Padro, B. B., J. Wallace, M. Barbercheck, R. Hoover, C. Keene, and W. Curan. 2019. “Terminating Cover Crops with a Roller-Crimper in Organic Grain Rotations.” Accessed on September 28, 2020. https://extension.psu.edu/terminating-cover-crops-with-a-roller-crimper-in-organic-grain-rotations
Palhano, M. G., J. K. Norsworthy, and T. Barber. 2018. “Evaluation of Chemical Termination Options for Cover Crops.” Weed Technology 32:227–235. https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.2017.113
Whalen, D. M., M. D. Bish, B. G. Young, S. P. Conley, and D. B. Reynolds. 2020. “Herbicide Programs for the Termination of Grass and Broadleaf Cover Crop Species.” Weed Technology 34:1–10. https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.2019.73
Wright, D. L., C. Mackowiak, and A. Blount. 2017. Cover Crops. SS-AGR-66. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/aa217