The Passion Fruit in Florida
Passion fruit cross section, showing juice-filled arils and black seeds. Credits: Mark Bailey, UF/IFAS
view on EDIS

How to Cite

Bailey, Mark, Ali Sarkhosh, Amir Rezazadeh, Joshua Anderson, Alan Chambers, and Jonathan Crane. 2021. “The Passion Fruit in Florida”. EDIS 2021 (1).


Passion fruit is a short-lived evergreen perennial vine that produces an aromatic and tropical-tasting fruit. This new 13-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department provides a description of passion fruit and its various species and cultivars, as well as a guide to culture and management, harvest and storage, its pests and diseases, and food and marketing. Written by Mark Bailey, Ali Sarkhosh, Amir Rezazadeh, Joshua Anderson, Alan Chambers, and Jonathan Crane.
view on EDIS


Altendorf, S. 2018. Minor tropical fruits; mainstreaming a niche market. FAO Food Outlook, July 2018. [Accessed 8-29-20] (

Atlas. 2020. Atlas of Florida Plants, Institute for Systemic Botany. Passiflora. [Accessed 8-29-20] (

Baker, C.A., Jeyaprakash, A., Webster, C.G., Adkins, S. 2014. Viruses Infecting Passiflora Species in Florida. Florida Dep. Agric. Consum. Serv. Plant Pathol. Circ.

Baumgartner, J. G. 1987. Nutrição e adubação. In: Maracujá. C. Ruggiero (editor), UNESP (São Paulo State University), São Paulo, Brazil. p. 86-96.

Bernacci, L.C., Soares-Scott, M.D., Junqueira, N.T.V., Passos, I.R. da S., Meletti, L.M.M. 2008. Passiflora edulis Sims: the correct taxonomic way to cite the yellow passion fruit (and of others colors). Rev. Bras. Frutic. 30, 566–576.

Bora, P. S. and Narain, N. 1997. Passion Fruit. In: Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits (S.K. Mitra, editor). CAB International, NY, NY. p. 375-386.

Campbell, C.W., R.J. Knight, Jr., and N.L. Zareski. 1977. Freeze damage to tropical fruits in southern Florida in 1977. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 90:254-257.

Costa, A.P., Nogueira, I., Peixoto, J.R., Blum, L.E.B. 2020. Screening of Sour Passion Fruit for Reaction to Bacterial Spot and Passion Fruit Woodiness Disease. J. Agric. Sci. 12:130.

Elliott, M.S., Zettler, F.W., Crane, J.H. 1991. Surveys for Viruses of Pas5Iflora Spp. Which Threaten the Passionfruit Industry in South Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 104, 49–50.

Fischer, Ivan H, Rezende, J. 2008. Diseases of Passion Flower (Passiflora spp .). Pest Technol. 2:1–19.

Fischer, Ivan H., Rezende, J.A.M. 2008. Diseases of passion flower (Passiflora spp.). Pest Technol 2:1–19.

FLEPPC. 1999. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s 1999 List of Invasive Plant Species. [Accessed 8-30-20] (

FLEPPC. 2019. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s 2019 List of Invasive Plant Species. [Accessed 8-29-20] (

Knight, Jr., R. J. and Sauls, J. W. 1994. The passion fruit. Horticultural Sciences Department, Fla. Coop. Extension Servie, IFAS, Univ. of Florida, HS-60. 5 pp.

Knight, R.J.,1972. The Potential for Florida of Hybrids Between the Purple and Yellow Passionfruit. Florida State Hortic. Soc. 85:288–292.

Knight, R.J., Winters, H.F., 1962. Pollination and Fruit Set of Yellow Passionfruit in Southern Florida. Florida State Hortic. Soc. 412–418.

Lima, L.K.S., Jesus, O.N. de, Soares, T.L., Oliveira, S.A.S. de, Haddad, F., Girardi, E.A. 2019. Water deficit increases the susceptibility of yellow passion fruit seedlings to Fusarium wilt in controlled conditions. Sci. Hortic. (Amsterdam). 243, 609–621.

Manicom, B., Ruggiero, C., Ploetz, R.C., de Goes, A. 2003. Diseases of passion fruit. Dis. Trop. fruit Crop. 413–441.

Menzel, C. M. and Simpson, D. R. 1994. Passionfruit. Chapter 10. In: Handbook of Environmental Physiology of Fruit Crops, Vol. II: Subtropical and Tropical Crops. Schaffer, B. and Andersen, P. C. (Editors). CRC Press, Inc., Salem, MA. p. 225-241.

Menzel, C. M., Haydon, G. F., Doogan, V. J. and Simpson, D. R. 1993. New standard leaf nutrient concentrations for passionfruit based upon season phenology and leaf composition. J. Horticultural Science 68:215-230.

Nascimento, A.V.S., Santana, E.N., Braz, A.S.K., Alfenas, P.F., Andrade, G.P., Carvalho, M.G. De, Zerbini, F.M. 2006. Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV) is widespread in passionfruit in Brazil and causes passionfruit woodiness disease 1797–1809.

Newett, S., Daniells, J. and Rigden, P. 1999. Growing the Crop. Passionfruit Information Kitt Annual Update, Agrilink Series QAL9802. Dept. of Primary Industries, Nambour, Queensland, Australia. 36 pp.

Paull, R. E. and C. C. Chen. 2016. Passion Fruit. In: USDA-ARS Agric. Handbook Number 66. The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables and Florist and Nursery Stocks. K. C. Gross, C. Y. Wang and M. Saltveit, editors). Washington, D.C. p. 460-462.

Percival, S.S., Findley, B., 2007. What’s in Your Tropical Fruit ? 1. Fruits 2–6.

Ploetz, R.C. 1991. Sudden Wilt of passionfruit in southern Florida caused by Nectria haematococca. Plant Dis. 75, 1071.

Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. 2016. Managing passionfruit plantations affected by wet weather. QLD. Dep. Agric. Fish. 1–4.

Rooney-Latham, S., Blomquist, C.L., Scheck, H.J. 2011. First report of Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. passiflorae on passion fruit in North America. Plant Dis.

Silva, G.S., Santos, M.M. 2020. Origin of the cultivated passion fruit Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa and genomic relationships among species of the subgenera Decaloba and Passiflor. Plant Biol. 22:533–540.

Turner, D. W., C. M. Menzel, and D. R. Simpson. 1996. Short term drying of half the root system reduces growth but no water status or photosynthesis in leaves of passion fruit (Passiflora sp.). Scientia Horticulturae 65:25-36.

Ulmer, T. and MacDougal, J. M. 2004. Passiflora: Passionflowers of the World. Timber Press, Portland, OR. 430 pages.

USDA ARS OSU. 2012. Plant Hardiness Zone Map,

USDA ARS. 2020. 100% Passion fruit juice Nutrients [WWW Document]. FoodData Cent. URL

Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS