Creating positive parental influence in 4-H competitions: A guide for 4-H Volunteers
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How to Cite

Nistler, Deborah L., and Kate Fogarty. 2009. “Creating Positive Parental Influence in 4-H Competitions: A Guide for 4-H Volunteers: 4H 8.5/4H283, 12/2008”. EDIS 2009 (3). Gainesville, FL.


4H 8.5, a 4-page fact sheet by Deborah L. Nistler and Kate Fogarty, introduces a “4-As” framework for understanding parent motivations for participation in competitive youth programs, and suggests approaches for volunteers to use to encourage parent engagement. Includes references. Published by the UF 4-H Youth Development Program, December 2008.


Eccles, J., & Gootman, J.A. (2002). Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Fetsch, R.J., & Yang, K. (2002). Journal of Extension, 40. The Effect of Competitive and Cooperative Learning Preferences on Children's Self-Perceptions: A Comparison of 4-H and Non-4-H Members. Accessed on April 20, 2007 from

Lerner, R.M., Lerner, J.V., Almerigi, J.B., Thoekas, C., Phelps, E., Gestsdottir, S., Naudeau, S., Jelicic, H., Alberts, A., Ma, L., Smith, L.M., Bobek, D., Richman-Raphael, D., Simpson, I., Christiansen, E.D., & von Eye, A. (2005). Positive youth development, participation in community youth development programs, and community contributions of fifth grade adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 25, 17-71.

Torretta, A. & Bovitz, L. (2005). An Affirmative Approach to Parental Involvement in Youth programs. Journal of Extension, 43. Accessed on April 20, 2007 from