Key Plant, Key Pests: Holly (Ilex sp.)
A close up photo of woody holly branches with clusters of vibrant red berries.
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key plant key pest
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How to Cite

Popenoe, Juanita, Caroline Roper Warwick, Jacqueline Bourdon, and Liz A. Felter. 2019. “Key Plant, Key Pests: Holly (Ilex sp.): ENH-1302/EP566, 10/2018”. EDIS 2019 (1). Gainesville, FL.


This series of Key Plant, Key Pests publications are designed for Florida gardeners, horticulturalists, and landscape professionals to help identify common pests associated with common Florida flora. This publication, the eighth in the Key Plant, Key Pests series, helps identify the most common pests found on Holly (Ilex sp.). This publication provides information and general management recommendations for Florida wax scale, tea scale, Cylindrocladium leaf spot, dieback, Sphaeropsis gall, root knot nematodes, and magnesium deficiency. This five-page document was written by Juanita Popenoe, Caroline R. Warwick, Jacqueline Bourdon, and Liz Felter and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Environmental Horticulture.
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Brown, S. B. 1990. Hollies at a glance. ENH42. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Hagan, A. 2005. "Common diseases of holly and their control."

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Miller, C. F. 2004. Tea scale, Fiorinia theae Green (Insecta: Hemiptera: Disapididae). EENY250. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Miller, H. N., McRitchie, J. J., & Seymour, C. P. 1977. "Sphaeropsis witches' broom of holly."

Sharma, S., & Buss, E. 2011. "Florida wax scale, Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae)."

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.