The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of 1952 authorized a nonimmigrant visa category, known as H-2, for foreign agricultural and nonagricultural workers to come to the United States and perform temporary services. To protect against disruptions in the farm labor supply, many growers are turning to the H-2A program to import foreign guest workers. This 5-page fact sheet written by Berdikul Qushim, Zhengfei Guan, and Fritz M. Roka and published by the UF/IFAS Food and Resource Economics Department explains the H-2A program and briefly discusses immigration reform.
Guan, Z., F. Wu, F.M. Roka, and A. Whidden. 2015. "Agricultural Labor and Immigration Reform." Choices 30(4): 1-9.
Hertz, T., and S. Zahniser, 2013. "Is There a Farm Labor Shortage?" American Journal of Agricultural Economics 95(2): 476-81. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aas090
O'Brien, P., J. Kruse, and D. Kruse. 2014. Gauging the Farm Sector's Sensitivity to Immigration Reform via Change in Labor Costs and Availability. WAEES. Washington, DC: American Farm Bureau Federation.
US-DOL (United States Department of Labor). 2016. Employment Law Guide: Work Authorization for Non-US Citizens: Temporary Agricultural Workers (H-2A Visas). US-DOL, Washington, DC. https://webapps.dol.gov/elaws/elg/taw.htm.
Zahniser, S., T. Hertz, P. Dixon, and M. Rimmer. 2011. "Immigration Policy and Its Possible Effects on US Agriculture and the Market for Hired Farm Labor: A Simulation Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 94(2): 477-482. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aar082
Zahniser, S., T. Hertz, P. Dixon, and M. Rimmer. 2012. "Immigration Policy and Its Possible Effects on US Agriculture." Amber Waves. (USDA-ERS, Washington, DC). https://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2012/june/immigration-policy/