Contaminantes en el Medio Ambiente Urbano: Los Perfluoroalquilos
jemplo de fuentes comunes de perfluoro alkilos para  el medio ambiente. En dirección de las agujas del reloj: (1) Sartén antiadherente (Teflón) (2) Tela impermeable, (3) espuma extintora de fuego, (4) envoltorios de comida rápida.
view on EDIS




How to Cite

Rodriguez-Jorquera, Ignacio A., and Gurpal S. Toor. 2015. “Contaminantes En El Medio Ambiente Urbano: Los Perfluoroalquilos: SL418-Span/SS644, 7/2015”. EDIS 2015 (6). Gainesville, FL:6.


Los perfluoroalquilos–los perfluorocarbonos (PFC) o, en inglés, perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)–son los productos químicos artificiales más comunes y persistentes en el planeta. Algunos de los productos más comunes que contienen perfluoroalquilos son sartenes de teflón, utensilios de cocina antiadherente, chaquetas impermeables (como Gore-Tex), espumas de extinción de incendios, envases de alimentos, alfombras y telas para muebles. Los perfluoroalquilos poseen un largo tiempo de residencia en el medio ambiente, lo que significa que los perfluoroalquilos pueden acumularse en los organismos en niveles que causan efectos nocivos.

This 6-page fact sheet is the Spanish-language version of SL418/SS631: Contaminants in the Urban Environment: Perfluoroalkyl Substances. Written by Ignacio A. Rodriguez-Jorquera and Gurpal S. Toor, and published by the UF Department of Soil and Water Science, July 2015.

Feature image credit: iStock/ (non-stick pan, waterproof fabric, and fire fighting foam)/Digital Vision/ (fast food)

SL418-Span/SS644: Contaminantes en el Medio Ambiente Urbano: Los Perfluoroalquilos (
view on EDIS


Ahrens, L. 2011. "Polyfluoroalkyl compounds in the aquatic environment: a review of their occurrence and fate." Journal of Environmental Monitoring 13: 20-31.

Du, Y., X. Shi, C. Liu, K. Yu, and B. Zhou. 2009. "Chronic effects of water-borne PFOS exposure on growth, survival and hepatotoxicity in zebrafish: A partial life-cycle test." Chemosphere 74: 723-729.

Eriksen, K. T., O. Raaschou-Nielsen, J. K. McLaughlin, L. Lipworth, A. Tjønneland, K. Overvad, and M. Sørensen. 2013. "Association between Plasma PFOA and PFOS Levels and Total Cholesterol in a Middle-Aged Danish Population." PloS ONE 8, e56969.

Fromme, H., S. A. Tittlemier, W. Völkel, M. Wilhelm, and D. Twardella. 2009. "Perfluorinated compounds-Exposure assessment for the general population in western countries." International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 212: 239-270.

Gladysz, J., and M. Jurisch. 2012. "Structural, Physical, and Chemical Properties of Fluorous Compounds," in Fluorous Chemistry, edited by I. T. Horváth. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 1-23.

Hong, A. C., C. J. Young, M. D. Hurley, T. J. Wallington,

and S. A. Mabury. 2013. "Perfluorotributylamine: A novel long‐lived greenhouse gas." Geophysical Research Letters 40(22): 6010-6015.

Houde, M., A. O. De Silva, D. C. G. Muir, and R. J. Letcher. 2011. "Monitoring of Perfluorinated Compounds in Aquatic Biota: An Updated Review." Environmental Science & Technology 45: 7962-7973.

Jacquet, N., M. A. Maire, Y. Landkocz, and P. Vasseur. 2012. "Carcinogenic potency of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) on Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells." Archives of Toxicology 86: 305-314.

Kannan, K., S. Corsolini, J. Falandysz, G. Fillmann, K. S. Kumar, B. G. Loganathan, M. A. Mohd, J. Olivero, N. V. Wouwe, J. H. Yang,, and K. M. Aldous. 2004. "Perfluorooctanesulfonate and Related Fluorochemicals in Human Blood from Several Countries." Environmental Science & Technology 38: 4489-4495.

Kato, K., A. M. Calafat, and L. L. Needham. 2009. "Polyfluoroalkyl chemicals in house dust." Environ Res 109: 518-523.

Kudo, N., and Y. Kawashima. 2003. "Toxicity and Toxicokinetics of Perfluorooctanoic Acid in Humans and Animals." The Journal of Toxicological Sciences 28: 49-57.

Liu, C., Y. Du, and B. Zhou. 2007. "Evaluation of estrogenic activities and mechanism of action of perfluorinated chemicals determined by vitellogenin induction in primary cultured tilapia hepatocytes." Aquatic Toxicology 85: 267-277.

Mariussen, E. 2012. "Neurotoxic effects of perfluoroalkylated compounds: mechanisms of action and environmental relevance." Archives of Toxicology 86: 1349-1367.

Oakes, K. D., P. K. Sibley, K. R. Solomon, S. A. Mabury, and G. J. Van Der Kraak. 2004. "Impact of perfluorooctanoic acid on fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) fatty acyl-coa oxidase activity, circulating steroids, and reproduction in outdoor microcosms." Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23: 1912-1919.

Olsen, G. W., J. M. Burris, D. J. Ehresman, J. W. Froehlich, A. M. Seacat, J. L. Butenhoff, and L. R. Zobel. 2007. "Half-Life of Serum Elimination of Perfluorooctanesulfonate, Perfluorohexanesulfonate, and Perfluorooctanoate in Retired Fluorochemical Production Workers." Environmental Health Perspectives 115: 1298-1305.

Olsen, G. W., J. M. Burris, J. H. Mandel, and L. R. Zobel. 1999. "Serum Perfluorooctane Sulfonate and Hepatic and Lipid Clinical Chemistry Tests in Fluorochemical Production Employees." Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 41: 799-806.

Stahl, T., Mattern, D., Brunn, H. 2011. "Toxicology of perfluorinated compounds." Environmental Sciences Europe 23:38, 1-52.

Wang, Y., W. J. Rogan, P. C. Chen, G.-W. Lien, H. Y. Chen, Y. C. Tseng, M. P. Longnecker, and S. L. Wang. 2014. "Association between maternal serum perfluoroalkyl substances during pregnancy and maternal and cord thyroid hormones: Taiwan maternal and infant cohort study." Environmental Health Perspectives 122: 529-534.

Yang, Q., M. Abedi-Valugerdi, Y. Xie, X.-Y. Zhao, G. Möller, B. Dean Nelson, and J. W. DePierre. 2002. "Potent suppression of the adaptive immune response in mice upon dietary exposure to the potent peroxisome proliferator, perfluorooctanoic acid." International Immunopharmacology 2: 389-397