Sting Nematode Belonolaimus longicaudatus Rau (Nematoda: Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae)
Sting nematode Belonolaimus longicaudatus.


Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae

How to Cite

Crow, William T. 2015. “Sting Nematode Belonolaimus Longicaudatus Rau (Nematoda: Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae): EENY618/IN1080, 3/2015”. EDIS 2015 (3). Gainesville, FL:6.


Among the most destructive plant-parasitic nematodes to a wide range of plants, Belonolaimus longicaudatus damages plant roots. When the plants cannot take up water and nutrients from the soil, they become stunted, wilt, and with severe infestation, die. Florida is considered to be the point-of-origin for Belonolaimus longicaudatus, and therefore this nematode exhibits a great deal of diversity in morphology, host preference, and genetics in our region. This 6-page fact sheet was written by W. T. Crow, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, March 2015. (Photo W. T. Crow, UF/IFAS)


Del Prado Vera I Cid, Subbotin SA. 2012. Belonolaimus maluceroi sp.n. (Tylechida: Belonolaimidae) from a tropical forest in Mexico and key to the species of Belonolaimus. Nematropica 42:201-210.

Crow WT, Han HR. 2005. Sting nematode. Plant Health Instructor: DOI: 10.1094/PHI-I-2005-1208-01, (

Gozel U, Adams BJ, Nguyen KB, Inserra RN, Giblin-Davis RM, Duncan LW. 2006. A phylogeny of Belonolaimus populations in Florida inferred from DNA sequences. Nematropica 36:155-171.

Han HR, Dickson DW, Weingartner DP. 2006. Biological characterization of five isolates of Belonolaimus longicaudatus. Nematropica 36:25-35.

Han HR, Jeyaprakash A, Weingartner DP, Dickson DW. 2006. Morphological and molecular biological characterization of Belonolaimus longicaudatus. Nematropica 36:37-52.

Smart GC, Nguyen KB. 1991. Sting and awl nematodes. Pp.627-668 In Nickle WR ed., Manual of agricultural nematology. Marcel Dekker Inc., NY