Embalses Costeros Para el Control de los Mosquitos
Recobro de la vegetación en un embalse.



How to Cite

Rey, Jorge R., and C. Roxanne Rutledge Connelly. 2012. “Embalses Costeros Para El Control De Los Mosquitos: ENY-648S/IN193, 6/2012”. EDIS 2012 (7). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-in193-2012.


Los embalses costeros utilizados en Florida para el control de los mosquitos son marismas o manglares con un dique periférico que permite inundar el área durante la temporada de cría de mosquitos. Desde entonces, investigaciones científicas han demostrado que el embalsamiento puede causar serios impactos ambientales en las marismas, manglares y esteros colindantes. Hoy en día, se ha devuelto una hidrología más natural a más de 1,300 ha de marismas y manglares embalsados y se han eliminado más de 70 km de diques. De las 16,185 ha originales de marismas embalsadas en la laguna Indian River, se han restaurado de alguna manera más de 12,600 ha, ya sea por reconexión, brechas en los diques, o restauración de las orillas.

This 6-page fact sheet was written by Jorge R. Rey and C. Roxanne Connelly, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, June 2012.



Brockmeyer, R. E., J. R. Rey, R. W. Virnstein, R. G. Gilmore, and L. Earnest. 1997. Rehabilitation of impounded estuarine wetlands by hydrologic reconnection to the Indian River Lagoon, Florida., J. Wetlands Ecology and Management 4: 93-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01876231

Carlson, P/ R., L.A. Yabro, C. Zimmerman, and J. R. Montgomery. 1983. Pore water chemistry of an overwash mangrove island. Fl. Sci. 46: 239-249.

Clements, B. W. and A. J. Rogers. 1964. Studies of impounding for the control of salt marsh mosquitoes in Florida, 1958-1963. Mosquito News 24: 265-276.

Gilmore, R. G., D. W. Cooke, and C. J. Donohoe. 1982. A comparison of the fish populations and habitat in open and closed salt marsh impoundments in east central Florida. Northeast Gulf Sci. 5:25-37. https://doi.org/10.18785/negs.0502.02

Harrington, R.W. and E. S. Harrington. 1982. Effects on fishes and their forage organisms of impounding a Florida salt marsh to prevent breeding by salt marsh mosquitoes. Bull. Mar. Sci. 32: 523-531.

Hull, J. B. and W. E. Dove. 1939. Experimental diking for control of sand fly and mosquito breeding in Florida saltwater marshes. J. Economic Entomol.32: 309-312. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/32.2.309

Lahmann, E. 1988. Effects of Different Hydrological Regimes on the Productivity of Rhizophora mangle L. A Case Study of Mosquito Control Impoundments in Hutchinson Island, St. Lucie County, Fl. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL.

Platts, N. G., S. E. Shields, and J. B. Hull. 1943. Diking and pumping for control of sand flies and mosquitoes in Florida salt marshes. J. Economic Entomol. 36: 409-412. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/36.3.409

Provost, M. W. 1968. Managing impounded salt marsh for mosquito control and estuarine resource conservation. Pp. 163-171 in: Newson, J.D. (ed.). Proc. 1967 LSU Marsh and Estuary Symposium, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, 250 pp.

Rey, J. R. and T. Kain. 1990. A Guide to the Salt Marsh Impoundments of Florida. Fl. Medical Ent. Lab. Publication. Vero Beach.

Rey, J. R., J. Shaffer, and R. A. Crossman. 1990. Salt marsh and mangrove forest soils in impounded wetlands. J. Fl. Anti-Mosq. Assoc. 60: 50-55.

Rey, J. R., J. Shaffer, D. Tremain, R. A. Crossman, and T. Kain. 1990a. Effects of re-establishing tidal connections in two impounded tropical marshes on fishes and physical conditions. Wetlands 10: 27-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03160821

Rey, J. R., M. S. Peterson, T. R. Kain, F. E Vose, and R. A. Crossman. 1990b. Fish populations and physical conditions in ditched and impounded marshes in east-central Florida. N.E. Gulf Sci. 11: 163-170. https://doi.org/10.18785/negs.1102.10

Rey, J. R., R. A. Crossman, and T. R. Kain. 1990. Vegetation dynamics in impounded marshes along the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA. J. Environ. Manag. 14: 397-409. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02394208

Rey, J. R., J. Shaffer, R. A. Crossman, and D. Tremain. 1990. Above-ground primary production in impounded, ditched, and natural marshes along the Indian River Lagoon. Wetlands 10: 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03160821

Rey, J. R., R. A. Crossman, M. Peterson, J. Shaffer, and F. Vose. 1991. Zooplankton of impounded marshes and shallow areas of a subtropical lagoon. FL. Scientist 54: 191-203.

Rey, J. R., R. A. Crossman, T. Kain, and J. Shaffer. 1991. Surface water chemistry of wetlands and the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA. J. Fl. Mosq. Control Assoc 62: 25-36.

Rey, J. R., J. Shaffer, T. Kain, and R. Crossman. 1992. Sulfide variation in the pore and surface waters of artificial salt marsh ditches and a natural tidal creek. Estuaries 15: 257-269. https://doi.org/10.2307/1352774

Rey, J. R. and T. Kain. 1993. Chemical characteristics of soils in natural and impounded wetlands along the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, U.S.A. J. Fl. Mosq. Control Assoc 64: 53-62.

Rey, J. R., D. B. Carlson, and R. E. Brockmeyer. 2011. Coastal wetland management in Florida: environmental concerns and human health. Wetlands Ecol. Mgmt., in press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-011-9235-1

Snelson, F. F. 1976. A Study of a Diverse Coastal Ecosystem on the Atlantic Coast of Florida, Vol 1., Ichthyological Studies. NGR-10-019-004 NASA, Kennedy Space Center, FL.