Raoiella indica (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae): The Red Palm Mite: A Potential Invasive Pest of Palms and Bananas and Other Tropical Crops of Florida
EDIS Cover Volume 2006 Number 27 lettuce image



How to Cite

Peña, Jorge E., Catharine M. Mannion, Forrest W. Howard, and Marjorie A. Hoy. 2006. “Raoiella Indica (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae): The Red Palm Mite: A Potential Invasive Pest of Palms and Bananas and Other Tropical Crops of Florida: ENY-837/IN681, 11/2006”. EDIS 2006 (27). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-in681-2006.


ENY-837, an 8-page illustrated fact sheet by J. E. Peña, C. M. Mannion, F. W. Howard and M. A. Hoy, describes this important pest of coconut fruit in many tropical countries, with recent findings in the Caribbean. Damage, description of stages, life cycle, seasonality, dispersal, host plants, chemical control, natural enemies, pathogens, and detection are discussed. Includes references and table of host plants. Published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, November 2006.



Anonymous. 2006. Raoiella indica. Management and Biological Control. (http://ecoport.org/ep?Arthropod=363195&entityType=AR****&entityDisplayCategory=A).

Broschat, T., and J. Crane. 2005. The coconut palm in Florida. FS40, EDIS, University of Florida, IFAS, Extension Service. (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/MG043).

Childers, C. 1994. Feeding injury to Robinson tangerine leaves by Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in Florida and Evaluation of Chemical Control on Citrus. Florida Entomol. 77: 265-271. https://doi.org/10.2307/3495512

Crane, J. C., C. Balerdi and placeI. McGuire. 2005. Banana growing in the placeStateFlorida home landscape. FC-10, EDIS, University of Florida, IFAS, Extension Service. (http://edis.ufl.edu). https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-mg040-2005

Daniel, M. 1981. Bionomics of the predaceous mite Amblyseius channabasavanni (Acari: Phytoseiidae), predaceous on the palm mite Raoiella indica. In: 1st Indian Symposium in Acarology (G. P. Channabasvanna, ed.). April 23-25, Bangalore, India. pp: 167-173

Elwan, A. 2000. A survey of the insect and mite pests associated with date palm trees in Al-Dakhliya region, Sultanate of Oman. Egyptian J. Agric. Res.78:653-664.

Etienne, J., and C. H. W. Fletchmann. 2006. First record of Raoiella indica (Hirst, 1924) (Acari:Tenuipalpidae) in Guadeloupe and Saint Martin, West Indies. Internat. J. Acarol. 32: 331-332. https://doi.org/10.1080/01647950608684476

FAO -International Phytosanitary Portal. Official Pest Report Dominica (2005-11-16). Report of Raoiella mite. Raoiella indica in the Americas. (https://www.ippc.int/id/nppodm?language=en).

Gassouma, S.M. 2005. Pests of Date Palm (CityplacePhoenix dactilifera). (http://www.uae.gov.ae/uaeagricent/palmtree2/chap8.stm).

Gerson, U., A. Venezian and D. Blumberg. 1983. Phytophagous mites on date palms in Israel. Fruits 38:133-135.

Gupta, Y. N. 2001. A conspectus of natural enemies of phytophagous mites and mites as potential biocontrol agents of agricultural pests in India. In: International Congress of Acarology, R. Halliday, D. Walter, H. Proctor, R. Norton and M. Colloff, eds. 10. Collingwood, Australia. CSIRO Publishing. pp. 484-497.

Howard, F. W., D. Moore, R. M. Giblin-Davis and R. G. Abad. 2001. Insects on palms. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 400 pp. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851993263.0000

Jepson, L. R., H. Keifer, and E. W. Baker. 1975. Mites injurious to economic plants., University of California Press, Berkeley, 614 p. https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520335431

Jalaluddin, S. M. and M. Mohanasundaran. 1990. Control of the red coconut mite Raoiella indica Hirst. (Tenuipalpidae:Acari) in the nursery. Indian Coconut Journal, Cochin 21:7-8.

Jayaraj, J., K. Natarajan, and G. Ramasubramanian. 1991. Control of Raoiella indica Hirst (Tenuipalpidae:Acari) on coconut with pesticides. Indian Coconut Journal. Cochin 22:7-9.

Kane, E. C., R. Ochoa, and E. F. Erbe. 2005. Raoiella indica Hist (Acari: Tenuipalpidae): An island-hopping mite pest in the Caribbean. Abstract. ESA Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, December - 2005.

Kane, E., and R. Ochoa. 2006. Detection and identification of the red palm mite Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari:Tenuipalpidae). USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD, 6 pp.

Mendonca, R. S., D. Navia, C. Fletchmann. 2005. Raoiella indica Hirst (Prostigmata:Tenuipalpidae), o acaro vermelho das palmeiras-uma ameaça para as Americas. Embrapa, Documentos 146, 37 pp.

Moutia, L. A. 1958. Contribution to study of some phytophagous acarina and their predators in Mauritius. Bull. Entomol. Res/ 49:59-75. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300053438

Nadarajan, L., G. Channabasavanna and B. K. Chandra. 1990. Control of coconut pests through stem injection of systemic insecticides. Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 14;355-364.

Nagesha-Chandra, B. K. N., and G. P. Channabasavanna. 1984. Development and ecology of Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari:Tenuipalpidae) on coconut. In: Chichester, E., and Horwood, publ. Acarology VI: 2: 785-790.

PROSEA. 2006. Areca catechu. Agroforestry Tree Database. (http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sea/Products/AFDbases/af/asp/SpeciesInfo.asp).

Puttaswamy, and H. R. Rangaswamy. 1976. Stethorus keralicus Kapur (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of the areca palm mite. Current Research. 5: 27-28.

Reisi, P., Neto, M. Franco and A. Viera. 2003. Control of Brevipalpus phoenicis and Oligonychus ilicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in coffee plants and the impact on beneficial mites. Ciencia e Agrotecnologia. (http://www.editora.ufla.br/revista/28_2/art04.htm). https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542004000200004

Rosas-Acevedo, J.L., and L. Sampedro-Rosas. 2006. Variability of Hirsutella thompsonii strains, isolated from phytophagous mites from three terrestrial systems in the State of Colima, Mexico. Rev. Mexicana de Biodiversidad. 77: 7-16. https://doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2006.001.313

Sakar, P. K., and A. K. Somchodhury. 1988. Evaluation of some pesticides against Raoiella indica Hirst on coconut palm in West Bengal. Pesticides. 22: 21-22.

Sakar, P. K. and A. K. Somchodhury. 1989. Interrelationship between plant characters and incidence of Raoiella indica Hirst on coconut. Indian Journal of Entomology 51: 45-50.

Saradama, K. 1972. Evaluation of toxicity of some pesticides to the red mite on coconut, Raoiella indica (Hirst) Phytotipalpidae. Agricultural Res. J. India. 10: 61-62.

Sayed, T. 1942. Contribution to the knowledge of acarina in Egypt: The genus Raoiella Hirst (Pseudotetranychinae:Tetranychidae). Bull. Soc. Fouad ler DEntomologie. 26: 81-91.

Somchoudhry, A.K., and P. K. Sarkar. 1987. Observations on natural enemies found in association with coconut mite, Raoiella indica Hirst. Bulletin of Entomology. 28: 104-107.

Welbourn, C. 2006. Red Palm Mite Raoiella indica (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). Pest Alert. DPI-FDACS; 4pp. (http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/pi/enpp/ento/r.indica.html).

Zaher, M. A., A. K. Wafa and A. A. Yousef. 1969. Biological studies on Raoiella indica Hirst and Phyllotetranychus aegyptiacus Sayed infesting date palm trees in U.A.R. (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie. Pages and volume missing.