Blood Feeding Insect Series: American Trypanosomiasis - Chagas Disease
EDIS Cover Volume 2006 Number 12 caterpillar image



How to Cite

Kobylinski, Kevin, and Roxanne Rutledge-Connelly. 2006. “Blood Feeding Insect Series: American Trypanosomiasis - Chagas Disease: ENY-726/IN650, 7/2006”. EDIS 2006 (12). Gainesville, FL.


ENY-726, a 4-page illustrated fact sheet by Kevin Kobylinski and Roxanne Rutledge Connelly, describes this potentially fatal, chronic disease and the triatomine bugs that transmit it. It discusses the low risk of contracting the disease in Florida or from contaminated blood, and information on control measures. Includes references. Published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, July 2006.


Beard, C., G. Pye, F. Steurer, R. Rodriquez, R. Campman, P. Townsend, J. Ramsey, R. Wirtz and L Robinson. 2003. Chagas Disease in a Domestic Transmission Cycle in Southern Texas, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 9:103-105.

Beard, C., D. Young, J. Butler, and D. Evans. 1988. First isolation of Trypanosoma cruzi from a wild-caught Triatoma sanguisuga (LeConte) (Hemiptera: Triatominae) in Florida, U.S.A. Journal of Parasitology. 74:343-344.

Bradley, K., D. Bergman, P. Woods, J. Crutcher, and L. Kirchhoff. 2000. Prevalence of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) among dogs in Oklahoma. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 217:1853-1857.

Burkholder, J., T. Allison, and V. Kelly. 1980. Trypanosoma cruzi (CHAGAS) (PROTOZOA: KINETOPLASTIDA) in invertebrate, reservoir, and human hosts of the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas. Journal of Parasitology. 66:305-311.

Davis, D., L. Russell and L. Adams. 1980. An experimental infection of Trypanosoma cruzi in striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis). Journal of Wildlife Disease. 16:403-406.

Miles, M. 1983. The epidemiology of South American trypanosomiasis - biochemical and immunological approaches and their relevance to control. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 77:5-23.

Mott, K., Mota, E., Sherlock, I., Hoff, R., Muniz, T., Oliveira, T. and C. Draper. 1978. Trypanosoma cruzi infection in dogs and cats and household seroreactivity to T. cruzi in a rural community in northeast Brazil. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine. 27:1123-1127.

Mullen, G. and L. Durden. 2002. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Academic Press. pp. 69-80.

Pest Management. 1995. Conenose Kissing Bugs. Pest Management. 14:35-36.

Pippin, W. 1970. The biology and vector capability of Triatoma sanguisuga texana Usinger and Triatoma gerstaeckeri (STAL) compared with Rhodnius prolixus (STAL) (HEMIPTERA: TRIATOMINAE). Journal of Medical Entomology. 7:30-45.

Pippin, W. 1969. American trypanosomiasis transmission and vector effectiveness studies. USAF Epidemiological Laboratory and the Oklahoma State University. pp.22.

Pung, O., C. Banks, D. Jones, and M. Krissinger. 1995. Trypanosoma cruzi in wild raccoons, opossums, and triatomine bugs in southeast Georgia, USA. Journal of Parasitology. 81:324-326.

World Health Organization Expert Committee. 1991. Control of Chagas Disease. WHO Technical Report Series. 811.

Yaeger, R. 1988. The prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in armadillos collected at a site near New Orleans, Louisiana. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 38:323-326.