Economic Impacts of the Turfgrass and Lawncare Industry in the United States
EDIS Cover Volume 2006 Number 7 turfgrass image
view on EDIS



How to Cite

Haydu, John J., Alan W. Hodges, and Charles R. Hall. 2006. “Economic Impacts of the Turfgrass and Lawncare Industry in the United States: FE632/FE632, 4/2006”. EDIS 2006 (7). Gainesville, FL.


The turfgrass and lawncare industry in the United States continues to grow rapidly due to strong demand for residential and commercial property development, rising affluence, and the environmental and aesthetic benefits of turfgrass in the urban landscape. Economic sectors of the industry include sod farms, lawncare services, lawn and garden retail stores, and lawn equipment manufacturing. Golf courses were also included in this study as a major industry that depends upon highly managed turfgrass for golf play. Numerous studies have been conducted on the economic impacts of the turfgrass and lawncare industry for individual states or regions; however, this research is the first to report results for the entire United States. This is EDIS document FE632, a publication of the Food and Resource Economics Department,  UF/IFAS Extension. Published April 2006.

FE632/FE632: Economic Impacts of the Turfgrass and Lawncare Industry in the United States (
view on EDIS


Behe, B., J. Hardy, S. Barton, J. Brooker, T. Fernandez, C. Hall, J. Hicks, R. Hinson, P. Knight, R. McNiel, T. Page, B. Rowe, C. Safley, and R. Schutzki. 2005. Landscape Plant Material, Size, and Design Sophistication Increase Perceived Home Value. Journal of Environmental Horticulture (accepted).

Brooker, John C., C. Hall, D. Eastwood, J. Haydu, and A. Hodges. 2005. The Fourth National Industry Survey of Production and Marketing Practices. Southern Nursery Association 49:38-43.

Butterfield, B. 2005. National Gardening Survey, 2004. National Gardening Association, Burlington, VT.

Campbell, Ramsey, and Robert Sargent. 2001. Water Crisis May Strike Here by 2006. The Orlando Sentinel, November 27, p.A1.

Carriker, R.L. 1993. Agriculture, Water Quality, and Public Policy. Food and Resource Economics Department Staff Paper SP-96-15, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Des Rosiers, F., M. Theriault, Y. Kestens, and P. Vleeeneuve. 2002. Landscaping and House Values: An Empirical Investigation. Journal of Real Estate Research 23(1-2):139-161.

Dun and Bradstreet Information Systems. 1997. Industry reports, available at (login required).

Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. North American Industry Classification System (manual), United States, 1997. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Hall, C., A. Hodges and J. Haydu. 2005. Economic Impacts of the Green Industry in the United States. Final report to the National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Committee (USDA/NUCFAC). Available at

Haydu, John J., Richard C. Beeson, and Jean Caron. 2004. Economic Analysis of Five Irrigation Technologies for Container-grown Viburnum odoratissimum. Acta Horticulturae 664:309-316.

Henry, Mark S. 1999. Landscaping Quality and the Price of Single Family Houses: Further Evidence from Home Sales in Greenville, South Carolina. Journal of Environmental Horticulture 17(1):25-30.

Lawn & Landscape Magazine. 2004. 2004 State of the Industry Report (October 13). Available at

MIG, Inc. 1999. Implan Professional, version 2.0, Social Accounting & Impact Analysis Software: User's Guide, Analysis Guide and Data Guide. Stillwater, MN (April).

MIG, Inc. 2004. Implan 2001 50 State Data Package. Stillwater, MN (January).

Miller, R.E. and P.D. Blair. 1985. Input-output Analysis: Foundations and Extensions. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

National Golf Foundation. 2005. Number of U.S. golf facilities. Jupiter, FL.

Orland, B., J. Vining and A. Ebreo. 1992. The Effect of Street Trees on Perceived Values of Residential Property. Environment and Behavior 24(3):298-325.

University of Florida. 2005. Sod Producer Survey, 2005. Unpublished data. Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

U.S. Census Bureau. 2003. Farm Machinery and Lawn and Garden Equipment Manufacturing: 2002. Current Industrial Reports MA333A(02)-1. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (August).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004a. 2002 County Business Patterns, EPCD, County & State Database on NAICS Basis. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Available online at (accessed December 2004).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004b. Annual Benchmark Report for Retail Trade and Food Services: January 1992 through February 2004. Current Business Reports BR/03-A. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (March).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004c. Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation Industries, 2002 Economic Census, Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Industry Series, EC02-711-03. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (August).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004d. Annual Benchmark Report for Wholesale Trade: January 1992 through December 2003. Current Business Reports BW/03-A. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (March).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004e. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico. April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004 (NST-EST2004-01). Population Division, Census Bureau, Washington, D.C. (December 22).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004f. Lawn and Garden Equipment & Supplies Stores, 2002 Economic Census, Retail Trade Industry Series, EC02-441-08. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (September).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2004g. Services to Buildings and Dwellings, 2002 Economic Census, Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remedial Services Industry Series, EC02-561-07. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (June).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2005. 2002 Economic Census Industry Report Series for U.S. Totals. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2004. 2002 Census of Agriculture. United States Summary and State Data, Vol. 1, Geographic Area Series, Part 51, AC-02-A-51. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. (June).

U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2005. Floriculture and Nursery Crops Outlook. FLO-04. Available online at

U.S. Department of Commerce. 2005. Gross Domestic Product: Implicit Price Deflator, 1970-2005, Quarterly. Available at

U.S. Department of Labor. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) System Electronic Search Engine. Available online at