Even though many recognize FFA and 4-H, there is still a big disconnect in understanding the similarities and differences between them. This 4-page document serves as an educational tool for school-based agricultural education and 4-H programs, and provides a background of the history, characteristics, and membership process of these long-standing organizations. Written by Debra Barry, Alyssa Shepherd, Jennifer Patton, and Stephen Gran, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication, September 2020.
-H Around the World. (2020). The 4-H Movement. Retrieved on May 20, 2020. https://4-h.org/about/global-network/
-H National Headquarters Factsheet. (2020). Mission Mandates. Retrieved on May 20, 2020. https://nifa.usda.gov/sites/default/files/resource/4-H%20Mission%20Mandates.pdf
Benson, O. H. (1912). Organization and Instruction in Boys' Corn-club Work. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.
Career and Leadership Development Events. (2020). National FFA Career and Leadership Development Events. Retrieved on May 28, 2020. https://www.ffa.org/participate/cde-lde/
Crosby, D. J. (1904). Boys' Agricultural Clubs. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations.
Davis, B. M. (1911). Agricultural Education: Boys' Agricultural Clubs. The Elementary School Teacher, 11(7), 371–780. https://doi.org/10.1086/454051
FFA History. (n.d.). Retrieved on June 12, 2019. https://www.ffa.org/ffa-history/
FFA Mission and Motto. (2019). FFA Vision, Mission, and Motto. Retrieved on June 11, 2019. https://www.ffa.org/about/who-we-are/mission-motto/
Moore, G. (2019, November). Boys Corn Clubs. Communities of Practice. https://communities.naae.org/docs/DOC-28462-boys-corn-clubs
Moore, G. (2019, August). Did the Smith-Hughes Act REALLY Start the Teaching of Agricultural Education? https://footnote.wordpress.ncsu.edu/2019/08/28/did-the-smith-hughes-really-start-the-teaching-of-agricultural-education-8-30-2019/
National 4-H History Preservation Program. (2020). 4-H History in Brief. Retrieved on May 20, 2020. https://4-hhistorypreservation.com/History/Hist_Nat/
National 4-H History Preservation Program. (n.d.). 4-H Motto, Creed, and Pledge. https://4-hhistorypreservation.com/History/M-C-P/
National 4-H Strategic Plan. (2017). 4-H Mission. https://nifa.usda.gov/sites/default/files/resources/National%204-H%20Strategic%20Plan%202017.pdf
National FFA Official Manual. (2020). Opening and Closing Ceremonies. https://ffa.app.box.com/s/z6bkjdmqd7e329a58a27e5xn1fzcqeqq
Our Membership. (n.d.). Retrieved on June 11, 2019. https://www.ffa.org/our-membership/
SAE for All. (2020). The SAE for All Program. https://saeforall.org/sae-for-all-program/?wizard