Tropical Hardwood Hammocks in Florida
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How to Cite

Karim, Annisa, and Martin B. Main. 2004. “Tropical Hardwood Hammocks in Florida: WEC 181/UW206, 12/2004”. EDIS 2004 (18). Gainesville, FL.


Tropical hardwood hammocks are one of many natural communities found in Florida, but one of the few that are characterized by tropical plants. The word “hammock” was first used by early inhabitants to mean a cool and shady place. Later, settlers of Florida used the word “hummock” to indicate areas that were slightly higher in elevation from the rest of the land. Today, the term hammock is used in Florida to describe forest habitats that are typically higher in elevation than surrounding areas and that are characterized by hardwood forests of broad-leaved evergreens. Tropical hardwood hammocks occur in south Florida and along the Florida coastlines where danger from frost is rare and tropical trees and shrubs common to the Caribbean islands (West Indian origin) are able to survive. This document is WEC 181, one of a series of the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida. Publication date: December 2004.

WEC 181/UW206: Tropical Hardwood Hammocks in Florida (
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