Texas Phoenix Palm Decline
EDIS Cover Volume 2009 Number 2 education image
view on EDIS



How to Cite

Harrison, Nigel A., and Monica L. Elliott. 2009. “Texas Phoenix Palm Decline: PP243/PP163, Rev. 2/2009”. EDIS 2009 (2). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-pp163-2009.


Revised! PP-243, a 6-page illustrated factsheet by Nigel A. Harrison and Monica L. Elliott, describes this new systemic disease affecting primarily date palms in Florida, the pathogen and hosts, symptoms, diagnostics, and disease management. Includes references. Published by UF Department of Plant Pathology, February 2009.

*Texas Phoenix Palm Decline (TPPD) is now known as Lethal bronzing disease (LBD)

PP243/PP163: Lethal Bronzing Disease (LBD) (ufl.edu)

view on EDIS


Harrison, N. A., E. E. Helmick, M. L. Elliott. 2008. Lethal yellowing-type diseases of palms associated with phytoplasmas newly identified in Florida, USA. Annals of Applied Biology 153:85-94. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2008.00240.x

Harrison, N. A., M. Womack, M. L. Carpio. 2002. Detection and characterization of a lethal yellowing (16SrIV) group phytoplasma in Canary Island date palms affected by lethal decline in Texas. Plant Disease 86:676-681. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.6.676

McCoy, R. E. 1975. Effect of oxytetracycline dose and stage of disease development on remission of lethal yellowing in coconut palm. Plant Disease 59:717-720.

McCoy, R. E. 1982. Use of tetracycline antibiotics to control yellows diseases. Plant Disease 66:539-542. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-66-539