4H-REF-01, an 11-page report by Sarah E. Maass, Carolyn S. Wilken, Joy Jordan, Gerald Cullen, and Nick Place, presents the results of a study assessing the effect of long-term 4-H participation on the development of life-skill competencies, specifically critical thinking, goal setting, communication, cooperation, conflict resolution, problem solving, decision making, and community service. Published through the UF 4-H Youth Development Program, May 2006.
Haskell, R.E. (2001). Transfer of learning: Cognition, instruction, and reasoning. San Diego, California: Academic Press.
Hendricks, P.A. (1998). Developing youth curriculum using the targeting life skills model. Iowa State University.
Ladewig, H. & Thomas, J.K. (1987). Assessing the impact of 4-H on former members. The Texas A&M University System.
Maass, S. E. (2004). A study of life skill development of Oklahoma 4-H alumni during the years of 4-H participation 1969-1998. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
McKinley, S.K. (1999A). 4-H alumni perceptions regarding the impact of the Indiana 4-H program. Unpublished doctorial dissertation, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
McKinley, S.K. (1999B, October). 4-H alumni perceptions regarding the impact of the Indiana 4-H program. Paper presented at the meeting of the National Association of Extension 4-H Agents, Pittsburgh, PA.
Mustian, R.D. (1988). Impact study, 4-H: Assessing the impact of 4-H on former members in North Carolina. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service, North Carolina State University.
Seevers, B.S., & Dormody, T.J. (1994). 4-H youth participation in leadership development activities: A tri state study. Journal of Agricultural Education, 35(4), 49-54. https://doi.org/10.5032/jae.1994.04049
Seevers, B.S. & Dormody, T.J. (1995). Leadership life skills development: Perceptions of senior 4-H youth. Journal of Extension 33(4). Retrieved from http://www.joe.org/joe/1995august/rb1.html
Targeting Life Skills Model, Iowa State University Extension. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2002, from http://www.extension.iastate.edu/4H/lifeskills/previewwheel.html
Ward, C.K. (1996). Life skill development related to participation in 4-H animal science projects. Journal of Extension 34(2). Retrieved May 28, 2002, from http://www.joe.org/joe/1996april/rb2.html