Drain Fly Psychoda spp. (Insecta: Diptera: Psychodidae)
Red-colored fruit of 'Flordaguard' rootstock trees. Figure 6 from Rootstocks for Florida Stone Fruit: HS1110/HS366
view on EDIS


How to Cite

Griffith, Taryn, and Jennifer Gillett-Kaufman. 2018. “Drain Fly Psychoda Spp. (Insecta: Diptera: Psychodidae): EENY716/IN1226, 10/2018”. EDIS 2018 (6). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-in1226-2018.


Includes: Introduction - Distribution - Description and Life Cycle - Management - Selected References

Also available on the Featured Cretures website at http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/URBAN/FLIES/drain_fly.html

view on EDIS


Ali A, Kok-Yokomi ML, Alexander JB. 1991. "Vertical distribution of Psychoda alternata (Diptera: Psychodidae) in soil receiving wastewater utilized for turf cultivation." Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 2: 287-289. https://doi.org/10.2307/3495415

Ali HB, Augul RSH, Mzhr NN. 2013. "New record of moth fly species; Psychoda alternata Say, 1824 (Diptera: Psychodidae: Psychodinae) from Iraq." Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science 7: 11-14.

Boumans L, Zimmer JY, Verheggen F. 2009. "First records of the 'bathroom mothmidge' Clogmia albipunctata, a conspicuous element of the Belgian fauna that went unnoticed (Diptera: Psychodidae)." Phegea 37: 153-160.

Bravo F, Cordeiro D, Chagas C. 2006. "Two new species and new records of Psychoda Latreille (Diptera: Psychodidae: Psychodinae) from Brazil, with comments on supraspecific classification of the genus." Zootaxa 1298: 1-15. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1298.1.1

El Bardicy S, Tadros M, Yousif F, Hafez S. 2009. "Predatory activity of Psychoda alternata Say (Diptera: Psychodidae) larvae on Biomphalaria glabrata and Lymnaea natalensis snails and the free-living larval stages of Schistoma mansoni." Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3: 4503-4509.

Fair G. 1934. "The trickling filter fly (Psychoda alternata), its habits and control." Sewage Works Journal 6: 966-981.

Headlee T. 1919. "Practical application of the methods recently discovered for the control of the sprinkling sewage fly (Psychoda alternata)." Journal of Economic Entomology 12: 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/12.1.35

Houston J, Dancer BN, Learner MA. 1989. "Control of sewage filter flies using Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis -II. Full scale trials." Water Research 23: 379-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(89)90105-X

Kvifte GM, Håland Ø, Andersen T. 2011. "A revised checklist of Norwegian flies (Diptera, Psychodidae)." Norwegian Journal of Entomology 58: 180-188.

Kvifte GM, Ivkovi M, Klarić A. 2013. "New records of moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Croatia, with the description of Berdeniella keroveci sp. nov." Zootaxa 3737: 57-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3737.1

Kvifte GM, Stokkan M, Waggner R. 2016. "Review of the Psychodinae from Mallorca, Spain, with description of Pericoma unipennate, sp. n. (Diptera, Psychodidae)." ZooKeys 557: 149-160. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.577.7679

Learner MA. 2000. "Egression of flies from sewage filter beds." Water Research 34: 877-889. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00190-6

Mack WN, Mack JP, Ackerson AO. 1975. "Microbial film development in a trickling filter." Microbial Ecology 2: 215-226. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02010441

Nelson J. (2016). How to get rid of drain flies naturally. Mother Nature Network. Accessed March 9, 2018. https://www.mnn.com/your-home/at-home/stories/how-get-rid-drain-flies-naturally

Michigan State University. (2018). Moth flies or drain flies. Michigan State University Diagnostic Services. Accessed March 9, 2018. https://pestid.msu.edu/insects-and-arthropods/moth-flies-or-drain-flies/

Oakley S, von Sperling M. (2017). Media filters: Trickling filters and anaerobic filters. Global Water Pathogens Project. Accessed March 9, 2018. http://www.waterpathogens.org/book/media-filters https://doi.org/10.14321/waterpathogens.64

Post T, Medlock J. (2000). Wastewater technology fact sheet trickling filters. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA832-F-00-014. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=P10099PA.TXT

Solbé LG, Tozer JS. 1971. "Aspects of the biology of Psychoda alternata (Say) and P. severini parthogenetica Tonn (Diptera) in a percolating filter." Journal of Applied Ecology 8: 835-844. https://doi.org/10.2307/2402686

Copyright (c) 2018 UF/IFAS