Squareflower, Paronychia erecta
side image of gopher tortoise opening its mouth. Figure 4 from  Wildlife of Florida Factsheet: Gopher Tortoise: WEC396/UW441, 8/2018
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Dune Restoration Plants
Caryophyllaceae (taxonomic family)

How to Cite

Miller, Debbie, Mack Thetford, Chris Verlinde, Gabriel Campbell, and Ashlynn Smith. 2018. “Squareflower, Paronychia Erecta: SGEB-75-18/SG179, 9/2018”. EDIS 2018 (5). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-sg179-2018.


Squareflower is found in beach dunes, coastal grasslands, and scrub. This plant is an endemic restricted to the coastal Panhandle of Florida, counties west of the Big Bend region, and west to Louisiana. The square outline of the inflorescence is unique and makes squareflower a desirable plant for coastal landscapes.

This publication is derived from information in SGEB-75/SG156, Dune Restoration and Enhancement for the Florida Panhandle, by Debbie Miller, Mack Thetford, Christina Verlinde, Gabriel Campbell, and Ashlynn Smith. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/sg156.

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Hawkes, C.V. 2004. "Effects of biological soil crusts on seed germination of four endangered herbs in a xeric Florida shrubland during drought." Plant Ecology 170:121-134. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:VEGE.0000019035.56245.91

Stephens, E.L., L. Castro-Morales, and P.F. Quintana-Ascencio. 2012. "Post-dispersal seed predation, germination, and seedling survival of five rare Florida scrub species in intact and degraded habitats." American Midland Naturalist 167:223-239. https://doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031-167.2.223

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.