Sugarcane Ratoon Stunting
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ratoon stunting
Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli


How to Cite

Rott, Philippe, Sushma Sood, Jack C. Comstock, Robert A. Gilbert, and Hardev S. Sandhu. 2018. “Sugarcane Ratoon Stunting: SS-AGR-202/SC002, Rev. 3/2018”. EDIS 2018 (March). Gainesville, FL:3.


Ratoon stunting is a major disease of sugarcane that can cause significant yield losses. It is caused by the bacterium Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli. This pathogen is mainly spread by infected stalk cuttings and contaminated harvesting knives. Ratoon stunting is controlled by planting disease-free stalk cuttings and resistant sugarcane cultivars. This 3-page fact sheet is a minor revision written by P. Rott, S. Sood, J. C. Comstock, R. A. Gilbert, and H. S. Sandhu, and published by the Agronomy Department, March 2018.

SS-AGR-202/SC002: Sugarcane Ratoon Stunting (
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Bailey, R. A., and S. A. Tough. 1992. "Ratoon stunting disease: survival of Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli, in field soil and its spread to newly planted sugarcane." Proceedings of the Annual Congress South African Sugar Technologists' Association 66: 75-77.

Comstock, J. C. 2002. "Ratoon stunting disease." Sugar Tech 4 (1-2): 1-6.

Davis, M. J., and R. A. Bailey. 2000. "Ratoon stunting." In A Guide to Sugarcane Diseases, edited by Philippe Rott, Roger A. Bailey, Jack C. Comstock, Barry J. Croft, and A. Salem Saumtally, 49-54. Montpellier: CIRAD/ISSCT, La Librairie du Cirad.

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Hoy, J. W. 2017. "Is it possible to beat RSD?" Sugar Journal 11:8-9.

Young, A. J. 2018. "Turning a blind eye to ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane in Australia". Plant Disease 102: 473-482.

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