Visual Episodic Memory-based Exploration




vision-based navigation, bioinspired robot learning, cognitive modeling


In humans, intrinsic motivation is an important mechanism for open-ended cognitive development; in robots, it has been shown to be valuable for exploration. An important aspect of human cognitive development is episodic memory which enables both the recollection of events from the past and the projection of subjective future. This paper explores the use of visual episodic memory as a source of intrinsic motivation for robotic exploration problems. Using a convolutional recurrent neural network autoencoder, the agent learns an efficient representation for spatiotemporal features such that accurate sequence prediction can only happen once spatiotemporal features have been learned. Structural similarity between ground truth and autoencoder generated images is used as an intrinsic motivation signal to guide exploration. Our proposed episodic memory model also implicitly accounts for the agent's actions, motivating the robot to seek new interactive experiences rather than just areas that are visually dissimilar. When guiding robotic exploration, our proposed method outperforms the Curiosity-driven Variational Autoencoder (CVAE) at finding dynamic anomalies.




How to Cite

Vice, J., Ruiz-Sanchez, N., Douglas, P. K., & Sukthankar, G. (2023). Visual Episodic Memory-based Exploration. The International FLAIRS Conference Proceedings, 36(1).



Special Track: Autonomous Robots and Agents