PerFC: An Efficient 2D and 3D Perception Software-Hardware Framework for Mobile Cobot
Keywords:Robotics, Perception, Framework
In this work, we present an end-to-end software-hardware framework that supports both conventional hardware and software components and integrates machine learning object detectors without requiring an additional dedicated graphic processor unit (GPU). We design our framework to achieve real-time performance on the robot system, guarantee such performance on multiple computing devices, and concentrate on code reusability. We then utilize transfer learning strategies for 2D object detection and fuse them into depth images for 3D depth estimation. Lastly, we test the proposed framework on the Baxter robot with two 7-DOF arms and a four-wheel mobility base. The results show that the robot achieves real-time performance while executing other tasks (map building, localization, navigation, object detection, arm moving, and grasping) with available hardware like Intel onboard GPUs on distributed computers. Also, to comprehensively control, program, and monitor the robot system, we design and introduce an end-user application. The source code is available at https://github.com/tuantdang/perception_framework.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Tuan Dang, Khang Nguyen, Manfred Huber
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.