How to Cite

Williams, N. H., & Dressler, R. L. (1976). EUGLOSSINE POLLINATION OF SPATHIPHYLLUM (ARACEAE). Selbyana, 1(4), 349–356. Retrieved from


The genus Spathiphyllum Schott (Monsteroideae: Spathiphylleae) is found in the American tropics from Mexico south through Central America to Peru and Brazil. Bunting (1960) listed 35 species in the American tropics (with one species then thought to be endemic on Cocos Island) and one species in the western Pacific area. Nicolson (1968) discussed the species from the Phillipines and described two additional species in the genus from the western Pacific islands. Some mention has been made in the past of the attraction of male euglossine bees to Spathiphyllum (Dodson 1966; Dodson et al., 1969; Dressler, 1967,1968; Vogel, 1963, 1966; Zucchi et al., 1969). The neotropical members of the genus seem to be pollinated mainly by
male euglossine bees, although little mention has been made of speciesspecific attraction in the genus. The neotropical species of the genus have floral odors very similar to those found in certain groups of orchids which are also pollinated by male euglossines, such as Catasetum L. C. Rich., Gongora Ruiz & Pav., Stanhopea Frost ex Hook., and other members of the subtribe Catasetinae Pfitz. and the tribe Gongoreae Pfitz. (also part or all of several other subtribes). In addition to the neotropical species of Spathiphyllum, certain species of Anthurium Schott and Xanthosoma Schott are also pollinated by male euglossine bees.


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