Target Host Finding by Steinernema feltiae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora in the Presence of a Non-Target Insect Host
Keywords:aphidoletes aphidimyza, entomopathogenic nematodes, galleria mellonella, heterorhabditis bacteriophora, host finding, nontarget, steinernema feltiae
AbstractThe ability of Steinernema feltiae or Heterorhabditis bacteriophora infective juveniles (IJ), when applied to the soil surface, to infect a Galleria mellonella larva at the base of a soil-filled cup (276 cm³) was evaluated in the presence and absence of 100 larvae of a non-target insect, the aphid midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza, near the soil surface. In all four trials with either S. feltiae or H. bacteriophora, A. aphidimyza presence did not affect the number of IJ finding and infecting a G. mellonella larva. Steinernema feltiae and H. bacteriophora IJ movement (as measured by the percentage of IJ aggregating on either side of an experimental arena) in the presence of one or many A. aphidimyza larvae was evaluated in agar- and soil-filled petri dishes, respectively. Infective juvenile movement in the presence of A. aphidimyza did not differ from random, indicating that IJ were not attracted to A. aphidimyza. It is suggested, therefore, that A. aphidimyza does not reduce IJ efficacy when these two forms of biological control agent are present together in a field situation even though it is known that A. aphidimyza is susceptible to IJ of these species.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).