Effects of Acibenzolar-S-Methyl Application to Rotylenchulus reniformis and Meloidogyne javanica
AbstractEffects of acibenzolar-s-methyl, an inducer of systemic acquired resistance in plants, on Rotylenchulus reniformis and Meloidogyne javanica in vitro and in vivo were determined. A single foliar application of acibenzolar at 50 mg/liter (5 ml of solution per plant) to 7-day-old cowpea or soybean seedlings decreased R. reniformis and M. javanica egg production by 50% 30 days after inoculation. The mechanism of acibenzolar on plant-parasitic nematodes was then investigated. Acibenzolar at 50 to 200 mg/liter did not affect movement of R. reniformis and M. javanica or penetration of second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. javanica on cowpea. However, M. javanica development was slowed and fecundity was reduced in plants treated with acibenzolar. On average, 50% of J2 that penetrated acibenzolar-treated cowpeas developed into mature females with eggs, whereas the other 50% exhibited arrested development. The number of eggs per egg mass was 450 in water-treated cowpeas, whereas the number declined to 250 in acibenzolar-treated plants. Acibenzolar may be responsible for stimulating the plants to express some resistance to the nematodes.
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