Insecticidal Toxic Proteins Produced by Photorhabdus luminescens akhurstii, a Symbiont of Heterorhabditis indica

  • Raman Rajagopal
  • Raj K. Bhatnagar
Keywords: bacteria, entomopathogenic, galleria mellonella, heterorhabditis, insect, insecticidal, nematode, photorhabdus, spodoptera litura, toxin


We describe the isolation and characterization of an insect pathogenic bacterium from the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis indica (Karnataka strain), an isolate from the southern regions of India. The strain has been identified and characterized by phenotypic, biochemical tests and PCR-RFLP analysis of the 16S rRNA gene as Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. akhurstii. The insecticidal toxin complex produced by this bacterium has been purified through a series of steps including ultrafiltration, anion exchange chromatography, and gel filtration chromatography. The toxin consists of two protein complexes of approximately 1,000 kD and was active against the larvae of Spodoptera litura and Galleria mellonella.