Fosthiazate Controls Meloidogyne arenaria and M. incognita in Flue-Cured Tobacco
AbstractThe nematicide fosthiazate was evaluated over a 3-year period for management of Meloidogyne incognita race 3 (site 1) and M. arenaria race 2 (site 2) in flue-cured tobacco. Fosthiazate was applied broadcast and incorporated at rates ranging from 22 to 88 g a.i./100 m², and compared with the nematicides fenamiphos (67 g a.i./100 m²), 1,3-D (56.1 L/ha, 670 ml/100-m row), and an untreated control. Root-gall indices and leaf yields were averaged over the 3-year period. Root galling was negatively correlated in a linear relationship with fosthiazate application rate at sites 1 and 2. Leaf yields were positively correlated with fosthiazate application rate at site 1 and could be described by a quadratic equation. Leaf yields were greater at 33 and 88 g a.i./100 m² application rates (site 2) than the untreated control. Leaf yields in fosthiazate (88 g a.i./100 m²)-treated plots infested with M. incognita or M. arenaria were not different from plots fumigated with 1,3-D. Plants in plots with fosthiazate applied in a row band (1993) had a lower root-gall index than those in plots with the same rate of fosthiazate applied broadcast. Fosthiazate may provide an alternative to fumigation for control of M. incognita and M. arenaria.
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