Inter- and Intraspecific Variation in Wild-type and Single Female-derived Populations of Xiphinema americanum-group Nematodes


  • J. M. Halbrendt
  • D. J. F. Brown


Ten populations of Xiphinema americanum-group nematodes were reared from individual females to evaluate inter- and intraspecific variation under identical host and environmental conditions. Data indicated that morphometric variability of X. americanum was the result of genetic variation rather than phenotypic plasticity and that genetic heterogeneity was greater than previously thought. Morphometrics of single female derived (SFD) populations identified different genotypes present in the field populations. Stylet length was the least variable morphometric character of SFD populations, but collectively stylet measurements of all individuals formed an uninterrupted continuum ranging from 107-148 [mu]m. Range and frequency of stylet measurements of field populations could be accounted for by the relative proportion of different genotypes in the population. Nine SFD populations were identified as X. americanum sensu stricto, and one SFD population was similar to X. californicum. Key words: development, genetic, morphometric, morphotype, nematode, phenotype, species, variation, virus-vector, Xiphinema americanum, X. californicum.