Establishing a Corky Ringspot Disease Plot for Research Purposes
Keywords:method, Paratrichodorus allius, potato, Solanum tuberosum, tobacco rattle virus
AbstractA method to establish two experimental corky ringspot disease (CRS) plots that had no prior CRS history is described. CRS is a serious disease of potato in the Pacific Northwest caused by tobacco rattle virus (TRV) and transmitted primarily by Paratrichodorus allius. `Samsun NN' tobacco seedlings were inoculated with viruliferous P. allius in the greenhouse before they were transplanted into the field soil at the rate of 3,000 plus seedlings/ha. Care was taken to keep soil around plants in the greenhouse and transplants in the field moist to avoid vector mortality. The vector population in the soil of one of the fields was monitored by extraction, examination under microscope and bioassay on tobacco seedlings to ascertain that they were virus carriers. Presence of virus in tobacco bioassay plants was determined by visual symptoms on tobacco leaves and by testing leaves and roots using ELISA. Although TRV transmission was rapid, there was loss of infectivity in the first winter which necessitated a re-inoculation. After two years of planting infected tobacco seedlings, 100% of soil samples collected from this field contained viruliferous P. allius. In the second field, all five commercial potato cultivars, known to be susceptible, expressed symptoms of CRS disease indicating that the procedure was successful.
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