Two Cyclic Dipeptides from <I>Pseudomonas fluorescens</I> GcM5-1A Carried by the Pine Wood Nematode and Their Toxicities to Japanese Black Pine Suspension Cells and Seedlings in vitro
Keywords:Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, cyclo(-Pro-Tyr-), cyclo(-Pro-Val-), interaction, Pinus thunbergii, Pseudomonas fluorescens GcM5-1A, toxicity
AbstractPseudomonas fluorescens GcM5-1A, isolated from the pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, was cultured in Luria Broth medium (LB). The clarified culture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and two dipeptides were purified from the extract. The chemical structures of 1 and 2 were identified as cyclo(-Pro-Val-)and cyclo(-Pro-Tyr-), respectively, by MS, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1H-1H COSY, 1H -13C COSY spectra. Bioassay results showed that the two compounds were toxic to both suspension cells and seedlings of Pinus thunbergii, which may offer some clues to research the mechanism of pine wilt disease caused by PWN.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).