Entomopathogenic Nematodes Are Not an Alternative to Fenamiphos for Management of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes on Golf Courses in Florida


  • W. T. Crow
  • D. L. Porazinska
  • R. M. Giblin-Davis
  • P. S. Grewal


Belonolaimus longicaudatus, bermudagrass, biological control, Cynodon dactylon, entomopathogenic nematode, Helicotylenchus microlobus, Hemicriconemoides annulatus, Heterorhabditis spp., Hoplolaimus galeatus, lance nematode, Mesocriconema ornata, ring nematode, sheathoid nematode, spiral nematode, Steinernema spp., sting nematode, stubby-root nematode, Trichodorus obtusus, turf.


With the cancellation of fenamiphos in the near future, alternative nematode management tactics for plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) on golf courses need to be identified. The use of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) has been suggested as one possible alternative. This paper presents the results of 10 experiments evaluating the efficacy of EPN at managing PPN on turfgrasses and improving turf performance. These experiments were conducted at various locations throughout Florida over the course of a decade. In different experiments, different EPN species were tested against different species of PPN. Separate experiments evaluated multiple rates and applications of EPN, compared different EPN species, and compared single EPN species against multiple species of PPN. In a few trials, EPN were associated with reductions in certain plant-parasite species, but in other trials were associated with increases. In most trials, EPN had no effect on plant parasites. Because EPN were so inconsistent in their results, we conclude that EPN are not acceptable alternatives to fenamiphos by most turf managers in Florida at this time.