Survey of Heterodera glycines Races and Other Plant-parasitic Nematodes on Soybean in North Carolina
AbstractA survey of soybean-production areas in the Piedmont, Coastal Plain and Tidewater regions of North Carolina was conducted from 1994 to 1996. Heterodera glycines was detected in 55 of 77 fields sampled in 15 counties. The host race of H. glycines was determined for 39 of the populations collected. Of all populations collected, 4% were race 1, 40% race 2, 16% race 4, 7% race 5, and 4% race 9; the remaining 29% could not be accurately categorized. None of the populations evaluated had high levels of reproduction on the resistant cultivar Hartwig. The southern root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita was detected in 26% of the fields. Helicotylenchus spp. were detected in all fields sampled, Tylenchorhynchus spp. were found in 62%, Paratrichodorus spp. in 56%, and Pratylenchus spp. in 72% of fields sampled. Mesocriconema spp., Xiphinema spp., and Hoplolaimus spp. were detected in less than 20% of the fields sampled. Key words: Distribution, Glycine max, Helicotylenchus, Heterodera glycines, Hoplolaimus columbus, Hoplolaimus galeatus, host race, Meloidogyne incognita, Mesocriconema, nematode, Paratrichodorus, populations, Pratylenchus, race, soybean, soybean cyst nematode, survey, Tylenchorhynchus, Xiphinema.
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