Resistance to Root-knot, Reniform, and Soybean Cyst Nematodes in Selected Soybean Breeding Lines

  • E. L. Davis
  • D. M. Meyers
  • J. W. Burton
  • K. R. Barker

Abstract

Soybean breeding lines and reported sources of nematode resistance were evaluated in repeated greenhouse tests for resistance to North Carolina populations of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines, reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis, and the root-knot nematode species Meloidogyne incognita, M. arenaria, and M. javanica. Lines from the soybean breeding program in Missouri that had 'Hartwig' soybean as a parent were the most resistant to races 1-4 of the soybean cyst nematode and the population of reniform nematode evaluated here. Numerous cysts of an inbred soybean cyst nematode race 4 population were produced on several of these Hartwig descendants, however, and accession $92-1603 had a cyst index of 29.2%. These accessions were also susceptible to M. arenaria and M. javanica. Soybean lines N87-539 and N91-245 from the breeding program in North Carolina had strong resistance to an inbred soybean cyst nematode race 1 population and to M. javanica, respectively. Soybean germplasm from the Georgia breeding program demonstrated the strongest resistance to the root-knot nematode species tested. Lines from the Georgia program, including G80-1515, G83-559, G93-9106, and G93-9223, that incorporated both root-knot and soybean cyst nematode resistance had the best overall resistance to the nematode populations evaluated. Resistance reported in the soybean lines was generally upheld. In a few cases, differences in the origin and culture of the nematode populations used in this study may have led to discrepancies between reported and observed resistance. Key words: Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, Meloidogyne arenaria, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, nematode, reniform nematode, resistance, root-knot nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, soybean cyst nematode.
Published
1998-12-15
Section
Articles