Trap Crops and Population Management of Globodera tabacum tabacum
AbstractTobacco, eastern black nightshade, and tomato were grown for 3 to 13 weeks to assess differences in invasion, development, and soil density of Globodera tabacum tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) in field plots and microplots over three seasons. Tobacco cyst nematodes invaded roots of resistant and susceptible tobacco, nightshade, and tomato. Nematode development was fastest in nightshade and slowest in tomato, and few adults developed in roots of nematode-resistant tobacco. Soil populations of tobacco cyst nematodes were reduced up to 80% by destroying nightshade or susceptible tobacco grown for 3 to 6 weeks. Nematode populations were reduced up to 96% by destroying tomato or resistant tobacco grown for 3 to 6 weeks. Timing of crop destruction was less critical with tomato and resistant tobacco, as nematode populations did not increase after 13 weeks of growth. These studies demonstrate that trap cropping, through crop destruction, can significantly reduce G. t. tabacum populations. Key words: eastern black nightshade, fallow, Globodera tabacum tabacum, hatch, Lycopersicon esculentum, Nicotiana tabacum, resistance, Solanum ptycanthum, tobacco, tobacco cyst nematode, tomato, trap crop
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